Tendon elastic strain energy in the human ankle plantar-flexors and its role with increased running speed

Journal article


Lai, Adrian K. M., Schache, Anthony, Lin, Yi-Chung and Pandy, Marcus. (2014). Tendon elastic strain energy in the human ankle plantar-flexors and its role with increased running speed. The Journal of Experimental Biology. 217(17), pp. 3159-3168. https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.100826
AuthorsLai, Adrian K. M., Schache, Anthony, Lin, Yi-Chung and Pandy, Marcus
Abstract

The human ankle plantar-flexors, the soleus and gastrocnemius, utilize tendon elastic strain energy to reduce muscle fiber work and optimize contractile conditions during running. However, studies to date have considered only slow to moderate running speeds up to 5 m s−1 . Little is known about how the human ankle plantar-flexors utilize tendon elastic strain energy as running speed is advanced towards maximum sprinting. We used data obtained from gait experiments in conjunction with musculoskeletal modeling and optimization techniques to calculate muscle–tendon unit (MTU) work, tendon elastic strain energy and muscle fiber work for the ankle plantar-flexors as participants ran at five discrete steady-state speeds ranging from jogging (~2 m s−1 ) to sprinting (≥8 m s−1 ). As running speed progressed from jogging to sprinting, the contribution of tendon elastic strain energy to the positive work generated by the MTU increased from 53% to 74% for the soleus and from 62% to 75% for the gastrocnemius. This increase was facilitated by greater muscle activation and the relatively isometric behavior of the soleus and gastrocnemius muscle fibers. Both of these characteristics enhanced tendon stretch and recoil, which contributed to the bulk of the change in MTU length. Our results suggest that as steady-state running speed is advanced towards maximum sprinting, the human ankle plantar-flexors continue to prioritize the storage and recovery of tendon elastic strain energy over muscle fiber work.

KeywordsAchilles tendon strain ; Muscle fiber ; Muscle force ; Human gait ; Sprinting ; Efficiency ; Musculoskeletal modeling
Year01 Jan 2014
JournalThe Journal of Experimental Biology
Journal citation217 (17), pp. 3159-3168
PublisherThe Company of Biologists Ltd.
ISSN0022-0949
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.100826
Web address (URL)https://journals.biologists.com/jeb/article/217/17/3159/12443/Tendon-elastic-strain-energy-in-the-human-ankle
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range3159-3168
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online01 Sep 2014
Publication process dates
Accepted16 Jun 2014
Deposited16 May 2024
Supplemental file
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Additional information

© 2014. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd

Place of publicationUnited Kingdom
Permalink -

https://acuresearchbank.acu.edu.au/item/90769/tendon-elastic-strain-energy-in-the-human-ankle-plantar-flexors-and-its-role-with-increased-running-speed

Restricted files

Publisher's version


Supplemental file

  • 4
    total views
  • 0
    total downloads
  • 3
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month
These values are for the period from 19th October 2020, when this repository was created.

Export as

Related outputs

Validity of Inertial Measurement Units to Measure Lower-Limb Kinematics and Pelvic Orientation at Submaximal and Maximal Effort Running Speeds
Lin, Yi-Chung, Price, Kara, Carmichael, Declan, Maniar, Nirav, Hickey, Jack Thomas, Timmins, Ryan Gregory, Heiderscheit, Bryan C., Blemker, Silvia S. and Opar, David. (2023). Validity of Inertial Measurement Units to Measure Lower-Limb Kinematics and Pelvic Orientation at Submaximal and Maximal Effort Running Speeds. Sensors. 23(23), pp. 1-16. https://doi.org/10.3390/s23239599
Influence of muscle loading on early-stage bone fracture healing
Miramini, Saeed, Ganadhiepan, Ganesharajah, Lin, Yi-Chung, Patel, Minoo, Richardson, Martin, Pandy, Marcus and Zhang, Lihai. (2023). Influence of muscle loading on early-stage bone fracture healing. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials. 138, p. Article 105621. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmbbm.2022.105621
The development of a HAMstring InjuRy (HAMIR) index to mitigate injury risk through innovative imaging, biomechanics, and data analytics : Protocol for an observational cohort study
Heiderscheit, Bryan C., Blemker, Silvia S., Opar, David, Stiffler-Joachim, Mikel R., Bedi, Asheesh, Hart, Joseph, Mortensen, Brett, Kliethermes, Stephanie A., Baer, Geoffrey, Buckley, Craig, Costigan, Kyle, Drew, Shauna, Eberhardt, Duffy, Fabian, Kurrel, Feller, Herman, Hammer, Erin, Heidt, Danielle, Lee, Kenneth, Lund, Brian, ... Sund, Sarah. (2022). The development of a HAMstring InjuRy (HAMIR) index to mitigate injury risk through innovative imaging, biomechanics, and data analytics : Protocol for an observational cohort study. BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation. 14(1), p. Article 128. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13102-022-00520-3
Lower-limb muscle function in healthy young and older adults across a range of walking speeds
Lim, Yoong Ping, Lin, Yi-Chung and Pandy, Marcus G.. (2022). Lower-limb muscle function in healthy young and older adults across a range of walking speeds. Gait & Posture. 94, pp. 124-130. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2022.03.003
Predictive simulations of human sprinting : Effects of muscle-tendon properties on sprint performance
Lin, Yi-Chung and Pandy, Marcus G.. (2022). Predictive simulations of human sprinting : Effects of muscle-tendon properties on sprint performance. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 54(11), pp. 1961-1972. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000002978
How muscles aperformance in accelerated sprinting
Pandy, Marcus G., Lai, Adrian K. M., Schache, Anthony and Lin, Yi-Chung. (2021). How muscles aperformance in accelerated sprinting. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 31(10), pp. 1882-1896. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.14021
A generic musculoskeletal model of the juvenile lower limb for biomechanical analyses of gait
Hainisch, Reinhard, Kranzl, Andreas, Lin, Yi-Chung, Pandy, Marcus and Gfoehler, Margit. (2021). A generic musculoskeletal model of the juvenile lower limb for biomechanical analyses of gait. Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering. 24(4), pp. 349-357. https://doi.org/10.1080/10255842.2020.1817405
Load distribution at the patellofemoral joint during walking
Thomeer, Lucas T., Lin, Yi-Chung and Pandy, Marcus G.. (2020). Load distribution at the patellofemoral joint during walking. Annals of Biomedical Engineering. 48(12), pp. 2821-2835. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10439-020-02672-0
Direct validation of model-predicted muscle forces in the cat hindlimb during locomotion
Karabulut, Derya, Dogru, Suzan Cansel, Lin, Yi-Chung, Pandy, Marcus G., Herzog, Walter and Arslan, Yunus Ziya. (2020). Direct validation of model-predicted muscle forces in the cat hindlimb during locomotion. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering. 142(5), pp. 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4045660
Lower-limb muscle function during gait in varus mal-aligned osteoarthritis patients
Sritharan, Prasanna, Lin, Yi-Chung, Richardson, Sara E., Crossley, Kay M., Birmingham, Trevor B. and Pandy, Marcus G.. (2018). Lower-limb muscle function during gait in varus mal-aligned osteoarthritis patients. Journal of Orthopaedic Research. 36(8), pp. 2157-2166. https://doi.org/10.1002/jor.23883
Is running better than walking for reducing hip joint loads?
Schache, Anthony G., Lin, Yi-Chung, Crossley, Kay M. and Pandy, Marcus G.. (2018). Is running better than walking for reducing hip joint loads? Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 50(11), pp. 2301-2310. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000001689
Predictive simulations of neuromuscular coordination and joint-contact loading in human gait
Lin, Yi-Chung, Walter, Jonathan P. and Pandy, Marcus G.. (2018). Predictive simulations of neuromuscular coordination and joint-contact loading in human gait. Annals of Biomedical Engineering. 46(8), pp. 1216-1227. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10439-018-2026-6
Three-dimensional data-tracking dynamic optimization simulations of human locomotion generated by direct collocation
Lin, Yi-Chung and Pandy, Marcus. (2017). Three-dimensional data-tracking dynamic optimization simulations of human locomotion generated by direct collocation. Journal of Biomechanics. 59, pp. 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2017.04.038
Effects of step length and step frequency on lower-limb muscle function in human gait
Lim, Yoong Ping, Lin, Yi-Chung and Pandy, Marcus G.. (2017). Effects of step length and step frequency on lower-limb muscle function in human gait. Journal of Biomechanics. 57, pp. 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2017.03.004
Musculoskeletal loading in the symptomatic and asymptomatic knees of middle-aged osteoarthritis patients
Sritharan, Prasanna, Lin, Yi-Chung, Richardson, Sara E., Crossley, Kay M., Birmingham, Trevor B. and Pandy, Marcus G.. (2017). Musculoskeletal loading in the symptomatic and asymptomatic knees of middle-aged osteoarthritis patients. Journal of Orthopaedic Research. 35(2), pp. 321-330. https://doi.org/10.1002/jor.23264
Direct methods for predicting movement biomechanics based upon optimal control theory with implementation in OpenSim
Porsa, Sina, Lin, Yi-Chung and Pandy, Marcus. (2016). Direct methods for predicting movement biomechanics based upon optimal control theory with implementation in OpenSim. Annals of Biomedical Engineering. 44(8), pp. 2542-2557. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10439-015-1538-6
In vivo behavior of the human soleus muscle with increasing walking and running speeds
Lai, Adrian K. M., Lichtwark, Glen A., Schache, Anthony, Lin, Yi-Chung, Brown, Nicholas A. T. and Pandy, Marcus. (2015). In vivo behavior of the human soleus muscle with increasing walking and running speeds. Journal of Applied Physiology. 118(10), pp. 1266-1275. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00128.2015
Muscle coordination of support, progression and balance during stair ambulation
Lin, Yi-Chung, Fok, Laurence, Schache, Anthony and Pandy, Marcus. (2015). Muscle coordination of support, progression and balance during stair ambulation. Journal of Biomechanics. 48(2), pp. 340-347. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2014.11.019
Quantitative evaluation of the major determinants of human gait
Lin, Yi-Chung, Gfoehler, Margit and Pandy, Marcus. (2014). Quantitative evaluation of the major determinants of human gait. Journal of Biomechanics. 47(6), pp. 1324-1331. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2014.02.002