Are boys and girls just different? Gender differences in the Movement Assessment Battery for Children, 2nd edition (M ABC-2) suggests that they are

Journal article


Fairbairn, Natalie, Galea, Claire, Wallen, Margaret, Walker, Karen, Hodge, Antoinette, Badawi, Nadia and Loughran-Fowlds, Alison. (2020) Are boys and girls just different? Gender differences in the Movement Assessment Battery for Children, 2nd edition (M ABC-2) suggests that they are. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal. 67(3), pp. 229 - 236. https://doi.org/10.1111/1440-1630.12646
AuthorsFairbairn, Natalie, Galea, Claire, Wallen, Margaret, Walker, Karen, Hodge, Antoinette, Badawi, Nadia and Loughran-Fowlds, Alison
Abstract

Introduction The second edition of the Movement Assessment Battery for Children (M ABC‐2) is a standardised, norm referenced assessment that is frequently used by therapists to identify children with motor difficulties. The norms for the M ABC‐2 were derived from a sample of children in the United Kingdom (UK) and are combined across the age groups for boys and girls. The aims of this research were to investigate gender differences in the performance of 8‐ and 9‐year‐old Australian children and if the norms in our cohort differed from UK‐based M ABC‐2 norms. Methods Children aged 8 or 9 years of age who underwent major neonatal cardiac or non‐cardiac surgery and healthy controls were assessed using the M ABC‐2 as part of the Development After Infant Surgery (DAISy) study. Results There were statistically significant differences in the scores for boys and girls aged 8‐ and 9‐years old on the M ABC‐2. Girls performed better than boys in manual dexterity and on total standard scores. Our control group compared to the assessment norms scored significantly poorer in manual dexterity, aiming and catching and total standard scores. Conclusion Caution should be used when interpreting the results of the M ABC‐2 for Australian 8‐ and 9‐year olds. Contemporary Australian, gender‐specific M ABC‐2 norms should be considered. Further research is required to investigate gender differences and differences in performance of Australian children compared to the assessment norms in other age groups on the M ABC‐2.

Keywordsgender; movement; occupational therapy; movement assessment; Motor skill development
Year2020
JournalAustralian Occupational Therapy Journal
Journal citation67 (3), pp. 229 - 236
PublisherBlackwell Publishing
ISSN0045-0766
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/1440-1630.12646
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85079142652
Page range229 - 236
Research GroupSchool of Allied Health
Place of publicationAustralia
Permalink -

https://acuresearchbank.acu.edu.au/item/8q66z/are-boys-and-girls-just-different-gender-differences-in-the-movement-assessment-battery-for-children-2nd-edition-m-abc-2-suggests-that-they-are

Restricted files

Publisher's version

  • 2
    total views
  • 0
    total downloads
  • 1
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month
These values are for the period from 19th October 2020, when this repository was created.

Export as

Related outputs

What is the threshold dose of upper limb training for children with cerebral palsy to improve function? A systematic review
Jackman, Michelle, Lannin, Natasha A., Galea, Claire, Sakzewski, Leanne, Miller, Laura and Novak, Iona. (2020) What is the threshold dose of upper limb training for children with cerebral palsy to improve function? A systematic review. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal. 67(3), pp. 269 - 280. https://doi.org/10.1111/1440-1630.12666
Brain magnetic resonance imaging is a predictor of bimanual performance and executive function in children with unilateral cerebral palsy
Crichton, Alison, Ditchfield, Michael, Gwini, Stellamay, Wallen, Margaret, Thorley, Megan, Bracken, Jenny, Harvey, Adrienne, Elliott, Catherine, Novak, Iona and Hoare, Brian. (2020) Brain magnetic resonance imaging is a predictor of bimanual performance and executive function in children with unilateral cerebral palsy. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology. 62(5), pp. 615 - 624. https://doi.org/10.1111/dmcn.14462
Upper limb function of children with unilateral cerebral palsy after a magic-themed HABIT: A pre-post-study with 3- and 6-month follow-up
Hines, Ashleigh, Bundy, Anita C., Black, Deb, Haertsch, Maggie and Wallen, Margaret. (2019) Upper limb function of children with unilateral cerebral palsy after a magic-themed HABIT: A pre-post-study with 3- and 6-month follow-up. Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics. 39(4), pp. 404 - 419. https://doi.org/10.1080/01942638.2018.1505802
Eyes on communication: Trialling eye-gaze control technology in young children with dyskinetic cerebral palsy
Karlsson, Petra, Bech, Anna, Stone, Helen, Vale, Cecily, Griffin, Suzan, Monbaliu, Elegast and Wallen, Margaret. (2019) Eyes on communication: Trialling eye-gaze control technology in young children with dyskinetic cerebral palsy. Developmental Neurorehabilitation. 22(2), pp. 134 - 140. https://doi.org/10.1080/17518423.2018.1519609
A magic-themed upper limb intervention for children with unilateral cerebral palsy: The perspectives of parents
Hines, A., Bundy, A. C., Haertsch, M. and Wallen, M.. (2019) A magic-themed upper limb intervention for children with unilateral cerebral palsy: The perspectives of parents. Developmental Neurorehabilitation. 22(2), pp. 104 - 110. https://doi.org/10.1080/17518423.2018.1442372
The cognitive orientation to daily occupational performance (CO-OP) approach: Best responders in children with cerebral palsy and brain injury
Jackman, Michelle, Novak, Iona, Lannin, Natasha A., Galea, Claire and Froude, Elspeth. (2018) The cognitive orientation to daily occupational performance (CO-OP) approach: Best responders in children with cerebral palsy and brain injury. Research in Developmental Disabilities. 78, pp. 103 - 113. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2018.04.019
Effectiveness of cognitive orientation to daily occupational performance over and above functional hand splints for children with cerebral palsy or brain injury: A randomized controlled trial
Jackman, Michelle, Novak, Iona, Lannin, Natasha, Froude, Elspeth, Miller, Laura and Galea, Claire. (2018) Effectiveness of cognitive orientation to daily occupational performance over and above functional hand splints for children with cerebral palsy or brain injury: A randomized controlled trial. BMC Pediatrics. 18(1), pp. 1 - 12. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12887-018-1213-9
Cognition and bimanual performance in children with unilateral cerebral palsy: Protocol for a multicentre, cross-sectional study
Hoare, Brian, Ditchfield, Michael, Thorley, Megan, Wallen, Margaret, Bracken, Jenny, Harvey, Adrienne, Elliott, Catherine, Novak, Iona and Crichton, Ali. (2018) Cognition and bimanual performance in children with unilateral cerebral palsy: Protocol for a multicentre, cross-sectional study. BMC Neurology. 18(1), pp. 1 - 12. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12883-018-1070-z
Parent perception of two eye-gaze control technology systems in young children with cerebral palsy: pilot study.
Karlsson, Petra and Wallen, Margaret. (2017) Parent perception of two eye-gaze control technology systems in young children with cerebral palsy: pilot study. In In P. Cudd and L. D. Witte (Ed.). Harnessing the Power of Technology to Improve Lives pp. 1095 - 1102 IOS Press BV. https://doi.org/10.3233/978-1-61499-798-6-1095
REACH: study protocol of a randomised trial of rehabilitation very early in congenital hemiplegia
Boyd, Roslyn N., Ziviani, Jenny, Sakzewski, Leanne, Novak, Iona, Badawi, Nadia, Pannek, Kerstin, Elliott, Catherine, Greaves, Susan, Guzzetta, Andrea, Whittingham, Koa, Valentine, Jane P., Morgan, Cathy, Wallen, Margaret, Eliasson, Ann-Christin, Findlay, Lisa, Ware, Robert S., Fiori, Simona and Rose, Stephen. (2017) REACH: study protocol of a randomised trial of rehabilitation very early in congenital hemiplegia. BMJ Open. 7(9), pp. 1 - 18. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-017204
REACH: study protocol of a randomised trial of rehabilitation very early in congenital hemiplegia
Boyd, Roslyn N., Ziviani, Jenny, Sakzewski, Leanne, Novak, Iona, Badawi, Nadia, Pannek, Kerstin, Elliott, Catherine, Greaves, Susan, Guzzetta, Andrea, Whittingham, Koa, Valentine, Jane, Morgan, Cathy, Wallen, Margaret, Eliasson, Ann-Christin, Findlay, Lisa, Ware, Robert, Fiori, Simona and Rose, Stephen. (2017) REACH: study protocol of a randomised trial of rehabilitation very early in congenital hemiplegia. BMJ Open. 7(9), pp. 1 - 19. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-017204
Comparison of the properties of the Handwriting Speed Test (HST) and Detailed Assessment of Speed of Handwriting (DASH): An exploratory study
Francis, Anna, Wallen, Margaret and Bundy, Anita. (2017) Comparison of the properties of the Handwriting Speed Test (HST) and Detailed Assessment of Speed of Handwriting (DASH): An exploratory study. Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics. 37(2), pp. 155 - 169. https://doi.org/10.1080/01942638.2016.1185499
Eye-gaze control technology for children, adolescents and adults with cerebral palsy with significant physical disability: findings from a systematic review
Karlsson, Petra, Allsop, Abigail, Dee-Price, Betty Jean and Wallen, Margaret. (2017) Eye-gaze control technology for children, adolescents and adults with cerebral palsy with significant physical disability: findings from a systematic review. Developmental Neurorehabilitation. https://doi.org/10.1080/17518423.2017.1362057
REACH: study protocol of a randomised trial of rehabilitation very early in congenital hemiplegia
Boyd, Roslyn N., Ziviani, Jenny, Sakzewski, Leanne, Novak, Iona, Badawi, Nadia, Pannek, Kerstin, Elliott, Catherine, Greaves, Susan, Guzzetta, Andrea, Whittingham, Koa, Valentine, Jane P., Morgan, Cathy, Wallen, Margaret, Eliasson, Ann-Christin, Findlay, Lisa, Ware, Robert S., Fiori, Simona and Rose, Stephen. (2017) REACH: study protocol of a randomised trial of rehabilitation very early in congenital hemiplegia. BMJ Open. 7(9), pp. 1 - 18. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-017204
Minimising impariment: Protocol for a multicentre randomised controlled trial of upper limb orthoses for children with cerebral palsy
Imms, Christine, Wallen, Margaret, Elliott, Catherine, Hoare, Brian, Randall, Melinda Joy, Greaves, Susan, Adair, Brooke, Bradshaw, Elizabeth, Carter, Rob, Orsini, Francesca, Shih, Sophy T. F. and Reddihough, Dinah S.. (2016) Minimising impariment: Protocol for a multicentre randomised controlled trial of upper limb orthoses for children with cerebral palsy. BMC Pediatrics. 16(70), pp. 1 - 15. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12887-016-0608-8
Patient and public involvement (PPI) in research is perceived to benefit stroke survivors and the research process. Barriers and facilitators exist which can be addressed to enable PPI in stroke research
Wallen, Margaret. (2016) Patient and public involvement (PPI) in research is perceived to benefit stroke survivors and the research process. Barriers and facilitators exist which can be addressed to enable PPI in stroke research. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal. 63, pp. 218 - 220. https://doi.org/10.1111/1440-1630.12304
Grading and quantification of upper extremity function in children with spasticity
Wallen, Margaret and Stewart, Kirsty. (2016) Grading and quantification of upper extremity function in children with spasticity. Seminars in Plastic Surgery. 30(1), pp. 5 - 13. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0035-1571257
Identifying and monitoring pain and sleep in children with cerebral palsy: Early findings from a surveillance program
Karlsson, Petra, Galea, C., Townsend, A. and Wallen, Margaret. (2016) Identifying and monitoring pain and sleep in children with cerebral palsy: Early findings from a surveillance program. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology. 58(S5), pp. 95 - 95. https://doi.org/10.1111/dmcn.23_13225
Reflections on the contribution of the Assisting Hand Assessment
Wallen, Margaret. (2016) Reflections on the contribution of the Assisting Hand Assessment. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology. 58(6), pp. 537 - 538. https://doi.org/10.1111/dmcn.12963
Minimising impairment: Protocol for a multicentre randomised controlled trial of upper limb orthoses for children with cerebral palsy
Imms, Christine, Wallen, Margaret, Elliott, Catherine M., Hoare, Brian, Randall, Melinda Joy, Greaves, Susan, Adair, Brooke, Bradshaw, Elizabeth Jane, Carter, Robert, Orsini, Francesca, Shih, Sophy T. F. and Reddihough, Dinah S.. (2016) Minimising impairment: Protocol for a multicentre randomised controlled trial of upper limb orthoses for children with cerebral palsy. BMC Pediatrics. 16(1), pp. 70 - 85. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12887-016-0608-8
Upper limb function in everyday life of children with cerebral palsy: Description and review of parent report measures
Wallen, Margaret and Stewart, Kirsty. (2015) Upper limb function in everyday life of children with cerebral palsy: Description and review of parent report measures. Disability and Rehabilitation. 37(15), pp. 1353 - 1361. https://doi.org/10.3109/09638288.2014.963704
No differences were observed between six months of context-versus child-focussed intervention for young children with cerebral palsy on self-care, mobility, range-of-motion or participation
Wallen, Margaret. (2014) No differences were observed between six months of context-versus child-focussed intervention for young children with cerebral palsy on self-care, mobility, range-of-motion or participation. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal. 61(2), pp. 126 - 127. https://doi.org/10.1111/1440-1630.12109
Caution regarding the Pediatric Motor Activity Log to measure upper limb intervention outcomes for children with unilateral cerebral palsy
Wallen, Margaret and Ziviani, Jenny. (2013) Caution regarding the Pediatric Motor Activity Log to measure upper limb intervention outcomes for children with unilateral cerebral palsy. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology. 55(6), pp. 497 - 498. https://doi.org/10.1111/dmcn.12057
Weighted vests did not improve competing behaviours or joint attention of 2 year olds with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
Wallen, Margaret. (2012) Weighted vests did not improve competing behaviours or joint attention of 2 year olds with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Australian Occupational Therapy Journal. 59(6), pp. 468 - 470. https://doi.org/10.1111/1440-1630.12014
Feeding the emergence of advanced heart disease in Soweto : A nutritional survey of black African patients with heart failure
Pretorius, Sandra, Sliwa, Karen, Ruf, Verena and Walker, Karen. (2012) Feeding the emergence of advanced heart disease in Soweto : A nutritional survey of black African patients with heart failure. Cardiovascular Journal of Africa. 23(5), pp. 245 - 251. https://doi.org/10.5830/CVJA-2011-021
Effects of neoprene wrist/hand splints on handwriting for students with joint hypermobility syndrome: A single system design study
Frohlich, Lauren, Wesley, Alison, Wallen, Margaret and Bundy, Anita. (2012) Effects of neoprene wrist/hand splints on handwriting for students with joint hypermobility syndrome: A single system design study. Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics. 32(3), pp. 243 - 255. https://doi.org/10.3109/01942638.2011.622035
Validity of the fine motor area of the 12-month ages and stages questionnaire in infants following major surgery
Smith, Cally, Wallen, Margaret, Walker, Karen, Bundy, Anita, Rolinson, Rachel and Badawi, Nadia. (2012) Validity of the fine motor area of the 12-month ages and stages questionnaire in infants following major surgery. Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics. 32(3), pp. 260 - 271. https://doi.org/10.3109/01942638.2011.606261
Modified constraint-induced therapy for children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy: A randomized trial
Wallen, Margaret, Ziviani, Jenny, Naylor, Olivia, Evans, Ruth, Novak, Iona and Herbert, Robert D.. (2011) Modified constraint-induced therapy for children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy: A randomized trial. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology. 53(12), pp. 1091 - 1099. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8749.2011.04086.x
Comparing the effectiveness of a parent group intervention with child-based intervention for promoting playfulness in children with disabilities
Bundy, Anita, Kolrosova, Jitka, Paguinto, Sarah-Grace, Bray, Paula, Swain, Belinda, Wallen, Margaret and Engelen, Lina. (2011) Comparing the effectiveness of a parent group intervention with child-based intervention for promoting playfulness in children with disabilities. Israeli Journal of Occupational therapy. 20(4), pp. e95 - e113.
Botulinum Toxin A as an Adjunct to Treatment in the Management of the Upper Limb in Children with Spastic Cerebral Palsy (UPDATE)
Hoare, Brian, Wallen, Margaret, Imms, Christine, Villanueva, Elmer, Rawicki, Hyam and Carey, Leeanne. (2010) Botulinum Toxin A as an Adjunct to Treatment in the Management of the Upper Limb in Children with Spastic Cerebral Palsy (UPDATE). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD003469.pub4
Modified Constraint Induced Therapy for Young Children
Wallen, Margaret and Imms, Christine. (2010) Modified Constraint Induced Therapy for Young Children. In Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy for People with Cerebral Palsy: A Problem-based Approach to Assessment and Management pp. 114 - 129 Mac Keith Press.
Therapeutic practice resulted in moderate improvement in handwriting ability for children with poor handwriting when compared with sensorimotor intervention, but not when compared with a control group
Wallen, Margaret and Froude, Elspeth. (2007) Therapeutic practice resulted in moderate improvement in handwriting ability for children with poor handwriting when compared with sensorimotor intervention, but not when compared with a control group. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal. 54(3), pp. 239 - 244.
Editorial: Critically Appraised Papers Related to Children with Autism
Wallen, Margaret and Imms, Christine. (2006) Editorial: Critically Appraised Papers Related to Children with Autism. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal. 53(3), pp. 237 - 238.
Searching for Evidence in Pediatric Occupational Therapy Using Free versus Subscription Databases: A Comparison of Outcomes
Lovarini, Meryl, Wallen, Margaret and Imms, Christine. (2006) Searching for Evidence in Pediatric Occupational Therapy Using Free versus Subscription Databases: A Comparison of Outcomes. Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics. 26(3), pp. 19 - 38. https://doi.org/10.1300/J006v26n03_03