How experience modulates semantic memory for food: Evidence from elderly adults and centenarians

Journal article


Vignando, Miriam, Aiello, Marilena, Foroni, Francesco, Marcon, Gabriella, Tettamanti, Mauro and Rumiati, Raffaella I.. (2018) How experience modulates semantic memory for food: Evidence from elderly adults and centenarians. Scientific Reports. 8(1), pp. 1 - 9. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-24776-3
AuthorsVignando, Miriam, Aiello, Marilena, Foroni, Francesco, Marcon, Gabriella, Tettamanti, Mauro and Rumiati, Raffaella I.
Abstract

In order to make sense of the objects we encounter in everyday life we largely rely on previous knowledge stored in our semantic memory. Semantic memory is considered dependent on lifelong experience and cultural knowledge. So far, a few studies have investigated the role of expertise on the organization of semantic memory, whereas life-long experience has largely been overlooked. In this study, we investigated this issue using food concepts. In particular, we administered different semantic tasks using food (natural and transformed) and non-food (living and non-living things) as stimuli to participants belonging to three different age cohorts (56–74, 75–91, 100–108), who were also asked to report on the dietary habits held throughout their life. In addition, we investigated to what extent psycholinguistic variables influence the semantic performance of different age cohorts. Results showed that Centenarians recognized natural food better than transformed food, while the other two groups showed the opposite pattern. According to our analyses, experience is responsible for this effect in Centenarians, as their dietary habits seem to suggest. Moreover, significant correlations between picture naming and age of acquisition, familiarity and frequency were observed. This study indicates that lifelong experience can shape conceptual knowledge of food concepts, and that semantic memory is less resilient to aging than initially thought.

Year2018
JournalScientific Reports
Journal citation8 (1), pp. 1 - 9
PublisherNatue Publishing Group
ISSN2045-2322
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-24776-3
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85045947263
Open accessOpen access
Page range1 - 9
Research GroupSchool of Philosophy
Publisher's version
License
Place of publicationUnited Kingdom
Permalink -

https://acuresearchbank.acu.edu.au/item/8v40y/how-experience-modulates-semantic-memory-for-food-evidence-from-elderly-adults-and-centenarians

Download files

  • 0
    total views
  • 2
    total downloads
  • 0
    views this month
  • 1
    downloads this month
These values are for the period from 19th October 2020, when this repository was created.

Export as

Related outputs

Implicit and explicit evaluations of foods: The natural and transformed dimension
Coricelli, Carol, Foroni, Francesco, Osimo, Sofia Adelaide and Rumiati, Raffaella Ida. (2019) Implicit and explicit evaluations of foods: The natural and transformed dimension. Food Quality and Preference. 73, pp. 143 - 153. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodqual.2018.11.014
Body weight and its association with impulsivity in middle and old age individuals
Aiello, Marilena, Ambron, Elisabetta, Situlin, Roberta, Foroni, Francesco, Biolo, Gianni and Rumiati, Raffaella I.. (2018) Body weight and its association with impulsivity in middle and old age individuals. Brain and Cognition. 123, pp. 103 - 109. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.03.006
Episodic memory for natural and transformed food
Aiello, Marilena, Vignando, Miriam, Foroni, Francesco, Pergola, Giulio, Rossi, Paola, Silveri, Maria Caterina and Rumiati, Raffaella I.. (2018) Episodic memory for natural and transformed food. Cortex. 107, pp. 13 - 20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2018.04.013
Weight gain after STN-DBS: The role of reward sensitivity and impulsivity
Aiello, Marilena, Eleopra, Roberto, Foroni, Francesco, Rinaldo, Sara and Rumiati, Raffaella I.. (2017) Weight gain after STN-DBS: The role of reward sensitivity and impulsivity. Cortex. 92, pp. 150 - 161. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2017.04.005
Food perception and categorization: from food/no-food to different types of food
Foroni, Francesco and Rumiati, Raffaella I.. (2017) Food perception and categorization: from food/no-food to different types of food. In In H. Cohen and C. Lefebvre (Ed.). Handbook of Categorization in Cognitive Science (Second Edition) pp. 285 - 301 Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-101107-2.00012-9
Generalisation of Roma onto Romanians Evidence of the Outgroup Projection Effect
Albarello, Flavia, Foroni, Francesco, Hewstone, Miles and Rubini, Monica. (2017) Generalisation of Roma onto Romanians Evidence of the Outgroup Projection Effect. Psicologia Sociale. 2/2017, pp. 239 - 249. https://doi.org/10.1482/87249
A neural signature of food semantics is associated with body-mass index
Pergola, Giulio, Foroni, Francesco, Mengotti, Paola, Argiris, Georgette and Rumiati, Raffaella I.. (2017) A neural signature of food semantics is associated with body-mass index. Biological Psychology. 129, pp. 282 - 292. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsycho.2017.09.001
The smell of terroir! Olfactory discrimination between wines of different grape variety and different terroir
Foroni, Francesco, Vignando, Miriam, Aiello, Marilena, Parma, Valentina, Paoletti, Maurizio Guido, Squartini, Andrea and Rumiati, Raffaella I.. (2017) The smell of terroir! Olfactory discrimination between wines of different grape variety and different terroir. Food Quality and Preference. 58, pp. 18 - 23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodqual.2016.12.012
Embodiment and emotional memory in first vs. Second language
Baumeister, Jenny C., Foroni, Francesco, Conrad, Markus, Rumiati, Raffaella I. and Winkielman, Piotr. (2017) Embodiment and emotional memory in first vs. Second language. Frontiers in Psychology. 8, pp. 1 - 11. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00394
Lexical-semantic deficits in processing food and non-food items
Rumiati, Raffaella I., Foroni, Francesco, Pergola, Giulio, Rossi, Paola and Silveri, Maria Caterina. (2016) Lexical-semantic deficits in processing food and non-food items. Brain and Cognition. 110, pp. 120 - 130. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2016.08.007
Registered replication report: Strack, Martin, & Stepper (1988)
Wagenmakers, E.-J., Beek, Titia, Dijkhoff, Laura, Gronau, Quentin F., Acosta, A., Adams, R. B., Albohn, D. N., Allard, E. S., Benning, S. D., Blouin-Hudon, E.-M., Bulnes, L. C., Caldwell, T. L., Calin-Jageman, R. J., Capaldi, C. A., Carfagno, N. S., Chasten, K. T., Cleeremans, A., Connell, L., DeCicco, J. M., ... Zwaan, R. A.. (2016) Registered replication report: Strack, Martin, & Stepper (1988). Perspectives on Psychological Science. 11(6), pp. 917 - 928. https://doi.org/10.1177/1745691616674458s
Deeper than skin deep - The effect of botulinum toxin-A on emotion processing
Baumeister, Jenny C., Papa, G. and Foroni, Francesco. (2016) Deeper than skin deep - The effect of botulinum toxin-A on emotion processing. Toxicon. 118, pp. 86 - 90. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.toxicon.2016.04.044
We are what we eat: How food is represented in our mind/brain
Rumiati, Raffaella I. and Foroni, Francesco. (2016) We are what we eat: How food is represented in our mind/brain. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review. 23(4), pp. 1043 - 1054. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13423-015-0908-2
Automatic female dehumanization across the menstrual cycle
Piccoli, Valentina, Fantoni, Carlo, Foroni, Francesco, Bianchi, Mauro and Carnaghi, Andrea. (2016) Automatic female dehumanization across the menstrual cycle. British Journal of Social Psychology. 56(2), pp. 270 - 280. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjso.12178
A bait we cannot avoid: Food-induced motor distractibility
Foroni, Francesco, Rumiati, Raffaella I., Coricelli, Carol and Ambron, Elisabetta. (2016) A bait we cannot avoid: Food-induced motor distractibility. Brain and Cognition. 110, pp. 74 - 84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2015.12.003
Food color is in the eye of the beholder: The role of human trichromatic vision in food evaluation
Foroni, Francesco, Pergola, Giulio and Rumiati, Raffaella Ida. (2016) Food color is in the eye of the beholder: The role of human trichromatic vision in food evaluation. Scientific Reports. 6, pp. 1 - 6. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep37034
Do emotions or gender drive our actions? A study of motor distractibility
Ambron, Elisabetta, Rumiati, Raffaella I. and Foroni, Francesco. (2016) Do emotions or gender drive our actions? A study of motor distractibility. Cognitive Neuroscience. 7(1-4), pp. 160 - 169. https://doi.org/10.1080/17588928.2015.1085373
When the mask `falls': The role of facial muscle resonance in memory for emotional language
Baumeister, Jenny C., Rumiati, Raffaella I. and Foroni, Francesco. (2015) When the mask `falls': The role of facial muscle resonance in memory for emotional language. Acta Psychologica. 155, pp. 29 - 36. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2014.11.012
Do we embody second language? Evidence for 'partial' simulation during processing of a second language
Foroni, Francesco. (2015) Do we embody second language? Evidence for 'partial' simulation during processing of a second language. Brain and Cognition. 99, pp. 8 - 16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2015.06.006
The attraction of emotions: Irrelevant emotional information modulates motor actions
Ambron, Elisabetta and Foroni, Francesco. (2014) The attraction of emotions: Irrelevant emotional information modulates motor actions. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review. 22(4), pp. 1117 - 1123. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13423-014-0779-y
The FoodCast Research Image Database (FRIDa)
Foroni, Francesco, Pergola, Giulio, Argiris, Georgette and Rumiati, Raffaella I.. (2013) The FoodCast Research Image Database (FRIDa). Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 7(51), pp. 1 - 19. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2013.00051
Abandoning a label doesn't make it disappear: The perseverance of labeling effects
Foroni, Francesco and Rothbart, Myron. (2013) Abandoning a label doesn't make it disappear: The perseverance of labeling effects. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2012.08.002
Comprehension of action negation involves inhibitory simulation
Foroni, Francesco and Semin, Gun R.. (2013) Comprehension of action negation involves inhibitory simulation. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 7(209), pp. 1 - 7. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2013.00209
Comparing group dehumanization and intra-sexual competition among normally ovulating women and hormonal contraceptive users
Piccoli, Valentina, Foroni, Francesco and Carnaghi, Andrea. (2013) Comparing group dehumanization and intra-sexual competition among normally ovulating women and hormonal contraceptive users. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 39(12), pp. 1600 - 1609. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167213499025
But for the bad, there would not be good: Grounding valence in brightness through shared relational structures
Lakens, Daniel, Semin, Gun R. and Foroni, Francesco. (2012) But for the bad, there would not be good: Grounding valence in brightness through shared relational structures. Journal of Experimental Psychology. 141(3), pp. 584 - 594. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0026468
Not by thoughts alone: How language supersizes the cognitive toolkit
Ijzerman, Hans and Foroni, Francesco. (2012) Not by thoughts alone: How language supersizes the cognitive toolkit. Behavioral and Brain Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0140525X11002020
Not all implicit measures of attitudes are created equal: Evidence from an embodiment perspective
Foroni, Francesco and Semin, Gun R.. (2012) Not all implicit measures of attitudes are created equal: Evidence from an embodiment perspective. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 48(1), pp. 424 - 427. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2011.08.015
Audible smiles and frowns affect speech comprehension
Quene, Hugo, Semin, Gun R. and Foroni, Francesco. (2012) Audible smiles and frowns affect speech comprehension. Speech Communication. 54(7), pp. 917 - 922. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.specom.2012.03.004
Category boundaries and category labels: When does a category name influence the perceived similarity of category members?
Foroni, Francesco and Rothbart, Myron. (2011) Category boundaries and category labels: When does a category name influence the perceived similarity of category members? Social cognition. 29(5), pp. 547 - 576. https://doi.org/10.1521/soco.2011.29.5.547
Why your highness needs the people: Comparing the absolute and relative representation of power in vertical space
Lakens, Daniel, Semin, Gun R. and Foroni, Francesco. (2011) Why your highness needs the people: Comparing the absolute and relative representation of power in vertical space. Social Psychology. 42(3), pp. 205 - 213. https://doi.org/10.1027/1864-9335/a000064
When does mimicry affect evaluative judgment?
Foroni, Francesco and Semin, Gun R.. (2011) When does mimicry affect evaluative judgment? Emotion. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0023163