Gambling and physical intimate partner violence : Results from the national epidemiologic survey on alcohol and related conditions (NESARC)

Journal article


Roberts, Amanda, Landon, Jason, Sharman, Stephen, Hakes, Jahn, Suomi, Aino and Cowlishaw, Sean. (2018). Gambling and physical intimate partner violence : Results from the national epidemiologic survey on alcohol and related conditions (NESARC). American Journal on Addictions. 27(1), pp. 7-14. https://doi.org/10.1111/ajad.12656
AuthorsRoberts, Amanda, Landon, Jason, Sharman, Stephen, Hakes, Jahn, Suomi, Aino and Cowlishaw, Sean
Abstract

Background and Objectives
Links between intimate partner violence (IPV) and gambling problems are under researched in general population samples. Understanding these relationships will allow for improved identification and intervention. We investigated these relationships and sought to determine whether links were attenuated by axis I and II disorders.

Methods
This study examined data from waves 1 and 2 (N = 25,631) of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC); a nationally representative survey of U.S. adults. Gambling symptoms and other psychiatric disorders were measured at wave 1 by the Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disability Interview Schedule-DSM-IV Version (AUDADIS-IV). Physical IPV victimization and perpetration in the last 12 months were assessed 3 years later at wave 2 using items from the Conflict Tactics Scale-R. Binary logistic regression models were used to examine associations separately for males and females.

Results
Problem gambling was associated with increased odds of both IPV perpetration for males (OR = 2.62, 95%CI = 1.22-5.60) and females (OR = 2.87, 95%CI = 1.29-6.42), and with IPV victimization for females only (OR = 2.97, 95%CI = 1.31-6.74). Results were attenuated with inclusion of axis I and axis II disorders; links between gambling and IPV were weaker than those involving other mental health conditions.

Conclusions and Scientific Significance
There are prospective associations with gambling problems and physical IPV which have implications for identification, spontaneous disclosure, and treatment seeking. The links between gambling problems and violence are complex and should not be considered independently of co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders.

Year2018
JournalAmerican Journal on Addictions
Journal citation27 (1), pp. 7-14
PublisherWiley
ISSN1055-0496
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/ajad.12656
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85039446430
Open accessPublished as green open access
Page range7-14
Author's accepted manuscript
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Open
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online27 Dec 2017
Publication process dates
Accepted24 Nov 2017
Deposited06 Sep 2021
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