Problem gambling and intimate partner violence : A systematic review and meta-analysis

Journal article


Dowling, Nicki, Suomi, Aino, Jackson, Alun, Lavis, Tiffany, Patford, Janet, Cockman, Suzanne, Thomas, Shane, Bellringer, Maria, Koziol-Mclain, Jane, Battersby, Malcolm, Harvey, Peter and Abbott, Max. (2014). Problem gambling and intimate partner violence : A systematic review and meta-analysis. Trauma, Violence, and Abuse. 17(1), pp. 43-61. https://doi.org/10.1177/1524838014561269
AuthorsDowling, Nicki, Suomi, Aino, Jackson, Alun, Lavis, Tiffany, Patford, Janet, Cockman, Suzanne, Thomas, Shane, Bellringer, Maria, Koziol-Mclain, Jane, Battersby, Malcolm, Harvey, Peter and Abbott, Max
Abstract

This study provides a systematic review of the empirical evidence related to the association between problem gambling and intimate partner violence (IPV). We identified 14 available studies in the systematic search (8 for victimisation only, 4 for perpetration only and 2 for both victimisation and perpetration). Although there were some equivocal findings, we found that most of the available research suggests that there is a significant relationship between problem gambling and being a victim of IPV. There was more consistent evidence that there is a significant relationship between problem gambling and perpetration of IPV. Meta-analyses revealed that over one third of problem gamblers report being victims of physical IPV (38.1%) or perpetrators of physical IPV (36.5%) and that the prevalence of problem gambling in IPV perpetrators is 11.3%. Although the exact nature of the relationships between problem gambling and IPV is yet to be determined, the findings suggest that less than full employment and clinical anger problems are implicated in the relationship between problem gambling and IPV victimization and that younger age, less than full employment, clinical anger problems, impulsivity, and alcohol and substance use are implicated in the relationship between problem gambling and IPV perpetration. The findings highlight the need for treatment services to undertake routine screening and assessment of problem gambling, IPV, alcohol and substance use problems, and mental health issues and provide interventions designed to manage this cluster of comorbid conditions. Further research is also required to investigate the relationship between problem gambling and violence that extends into the family beyond intimate partners.

Keywordsgambling; intimate partner violence; domestic violence; family violence; systematic review; meta-analysis
Year2014
JournalTrauma, Violence, and Abuse
Journal citation17 (1), pp. 43-61
PublisherSage Publications Ltd.
ISSN1524-8380
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1177/1524838014561269
Scopus EID2-s2.0-84950271016
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range43-61
FunderAustralian Research Council (ARC)
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online03 Dec 2014
Publication process dates
Deposited08 Sep 2021
ARC Funded ResearchThis output has been funded, wholly or partially, under the Australian Research Council Act 2001
Grant IDARC/LP0989331
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