Changes in gait performance over several years are associated with recurrent falls status in community-dwelling older women at high risk of fracture

Journal article


Scott, David, McLaughlin, Patrick, Nicholson, Geoff C., Ebeling, Peter, Stuart, Amanda, Kay, Deborah and Sanders, Kerrie 2015. Changes in gait performance over several years are associated with recurrent falls status in community-dwelling older women at high risk of fracture. Age and Ageing. 44 (2), pp. 287 - 293. https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afu169
AuthorsScott, David, McLaughlin, Patrick, Nicholson, Geoff C., Ebeling, Peter, Stuart, Amanda, Kay, Deborah and Sanders, Kerrie
Abstract

Background: Gait analysis is a recommended geriatric assessment for falls risk and sarcopenia; however, previous research utilises measurements at a single time point only. It is presently unclear how changes in gait over several years influence risk of recurrent falls in older adults.

Methods: we investigated 135 female volunteers (mean age ± SD: 76.7 ± 5.0 years; range: 70–92 years) at high risk of fracture. Gait parameters (speed, cadence, step length, step width, swing time and double support phase) were assessed using the GAITRite Electronic Walkway System at four annual clinics over ∼3.7 ± 0.5 years. Participants reported incident falls monthly for 3.7 ± 1.2 years.

Results: increasing gait speed (odds ratio: 0.96; 95% confidence interval 0.93, 0.99) and step length (0.87; 0.77, 0.98) from baseline to final follow-up was associated with reduced likelihood of being a recurrent faller over the study period. No significant associations were observed for baseline gait parameters (all P ≥ 0.05). At the second follow-up (2.8 ± 0.6 years), an increase in swing time (0.65; 0.43, 0.98) was associated with reduced likelihood, while an increase in double support phase (1.31; 1.04, 1.66) was associated with increased likelihood, for being a recurrent faller in the subsequent 1.3 years following this time point.

Conclusion: changes in gait parameters over several years are significantly associated with the likelihood of being a recurrent faller among community-dwelling older women at high risk of fracture. Further research is required to develop gait monitoring guidelines and gait parameter decline cut points that may be utilised by clinicians to identify older adults at risk of incident falls and sarcopenia.

Keywordsgait; falls; sarcopenia; older women; older people
Year2015
JournalAge and Ageing
Journal citation44 (2), pp. 287 - 293
ISSN0002-0729
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afu169
Scopus EID2-s2.0-84925300989
Page range287 - 293
Research GroupInstitute for Health and Ageing
Grant IDnhmrc/251682
Permalink -

https://acuresearchbank.acu.edu.au/item/85vq6/changes-in-gait-performance-over-several-years-are-associated-with-recurrent-falls-status-in-community-dwelling-older-women-at-high-risk-of-fracture

Restricted files

Publisher's version

  • 0
    total views
  • 0
    total downloads
  • 0
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Resident perceptions of opportunity for communication and contribution
Bennett, Michelle, Treuer, Kathryn von, McCabe, Marita P., Beattie, Elizabeth, Karantzas, Gery, Mellor, David, Sanders, Kerrie, Busija, Ljoudmila, Goodenough, Belinda and Byers, Jessica 2020. Resident perceptions of opportunity for communication and contribution. International Journal of Older People Nursing. 15 (1), pp. 1 - 11. https://doi.org/10.1111/opn.12276
The cost of osteoporosis, osteopenia, and associated fractures in Australia in 2017
Tatangelo, Gemma, Watts, Jennifer J., Lim, Karen, Connaughton, Catherine, Abimanyi-Ochom, Julie, Borgström, Fredrik, Nicholson, Geoff C., Shore-Lorenti, Catherine, Stuart, Amanda L., Iuliano-Burns, Sandra, Seeman, Ego, Prince, Richard L., March, Lyn, Cross, Marita, Winzenberg, Tania, Laslett, Laura L., Duque, Gustavo, Ebeling, Peter R. and Sanders, Kerrie M. 2019. The cost of osteoporosis, osteopenia, and associated fractures in Australia in 2017. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. 34 (4), pp. 616 - 625. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbmr.3640
Effect of clinical care pathways on quality of life and physical function after fragility fracture: A meta-analysis
Talevski, Jason, Sanders, Kerrie M., Duque, Gustavo, Connaughton, Catherine, Beauchamp, Alison, Green, Darci, Millar, Lynne and Brennan-Olsen, Sharon L. 2019. Effect of clinical care pathways on quality of life and physical function after fragility fracture: A meta-analysis. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association. 20 (7), pp. 926.e1 - 926.e11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jamda.2019.02.022
Do replicable profiles of multimorbidity exist? Systematic review and synthesis
Busija, Ljoudmila, Lim, Karen, Szoeke, Cassandra, Sanders, Kerrie M. and McCabe, Marita P. 2019. Do replicable profiles of multimorbidity exist? Systematic review and synthesis. European Journal of Epidemiology. 34, pp. 1025 - 1053. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10654-019-00568-5
Stepping strategy used to recover balance during an induced fall is associated with impaired function and strength in people with knee osteoarthritis
Levinger, P., Downie, Calum, Nagano, Hanatsu, Petersen, Aaron, Hayes, A., Sanders, Kerrie, Cicuttini, Flavia and Begg, Rezaul 2018. Stepping strategy used to recover balance during an induced fall is associated with impaired function and strength in people with knee osteoarthritis. International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases. 21 (10), pp. 1763 - 1771. https://doi.org/10.1111/1756-185X.12891
Calf muscle density in independently associated with physical function in overweight and obese older adults
Scott, David, Shore-Lorenti, Catherine, McMillan, L. B., Mesinovic, J., Clark, Ross, Hayes, A., Sanders, Kerrie, Duque, Gustavo and Ebeling, Peter 2018. Calf muscle density in independently associated with physical function in overweight and obese older adults. The Journal of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions. 18 (1), pp. 9 - 17.
Associations of components of sarcopenic obesity with bone health and balance in older adults
Scott, David, Shore-Lorenti, Catherine, McMillan, Lachlan, Mesinovic, Jakub, Clark, Ross, Hayes, A., Sanders, Kerrie, Duque, Gustavo and Ebeling, Peter 2018. Associations of components of sarcopenic obesity with bone health and balance in older adults. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics. 75, pp. 125 - 131. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2017.12.006
Characteristics of recurrent fractures
Kanis, John A., Johansson, Helena, Odén, Anders, Harvey, Nicholas C., Gudnason, V., Sanders, Kerrie, Sigurdsson, Gunnar, Siggeirsdottir, K., Fitzpatrick, Lorraine A., Borgström, F. and McCloskey, Eugene 2018. Characteristics of recurrent fractures. Osteoporosis International. 29 (8), pp. 1747 - 1757. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00198-018-4502-0
Dietary protein from different food sources, incident metabolic syndrome and changes in its components: an 11-year longitudinal study in healthy community-dwelling adults
Shang, Xianwen, Scott, David, Hodge, Allison, English, Dallas, Giles, Graham G., Ebeling, Peter and Sanders, Kerrie 2017. Dietary protein from different food sources, incident metabolic syndrome and changes in its components: an 11-year longitudinal study in healthy community-dwelling adults. Clinical Nutrition. 36 (6), pp. 1540 - 1548. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2016.09.024
Diversity in fall characteristics hampers effective prevention: the precipitants, the environment, the fall and the injury
Sanders, Kerrie, Lim, Karen, Stuart, Amanda L., Macleod, Ashley, Scott, David, Nicholson, Geoff and Busija, Lucy 2017. Diversity in fall characteristics hampers effective prevention: the precipitants, the environment, the fall and the injury. Osteoporosis International. 28 (10), pp. 3005 - 3015. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00198-017-4145-6
Osteoporosis costing Victoria: A burden of disease analysis - 2012 to 2022
Sanders, Kerrie, Watts, Jennifer, Abimanyi-Ochom, J. and Murtaza, Ghulam 2017. Osteoporosis costing Victoria: A burden of disease analysis - 2012 to 2022. Australia: Osteoporosis Australia.
Quality of life after hip, vertebral, and distal forearm fragility fractures measured using the EQ-5D-3L, EQ-VAS, and time-trade-off: results from the ICUROS
Svedbom, A., Borgström, Fredrik, Hernlund, E., Ström, O., Alekna, V., Bianchi, Maria L., Clark, P., Curiel, M. D., Dimai, Hans P., Jürisson, M., Uusküla, A., Lember, M., Kallikorm, R., Lesnyak, Olga, McCloskey, Eugene, Ershova, Olga, Sanders, Kerrie, Silverman, S., Tamulaitiene, M., ... Kanis, John 2017. Quality of life after hip, vertebral, and distal forearm fragility fractures measured using the EQ-5D-3L, EQ-VAS, and time-trade-off: results from the ICUROS. Quality of Life Research. 27 (3), pp. 707 - 716. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-017-1748-5
Osteoporosis costing NSW and ACT: A burden of disease analysis - 2012 to 2022
Sanders, Kerrie, Watts, Jennifer, Abimanyi-Ochom, J. and Murtaza, Ghulam 2017. Osteoporosis costing NSW and ACT: A burden of disease analysis - 2012 to 2022. Australia: Osteoporosis Australia.
Quality of life for up to 18 months after low-energy hip, vertebral, and distal forearm fractures-results from the ICUROS
Svedbom, A., Borgstöm, F., Hernlund, E., Ström, O., Alekna, V., Bianchi, M. L., Clark, P., Curiel, M. D., Dimai, Hans P., Jürisson, M., Kallikorm, R., Lember, M., Lesnyak, Olga, McCloskey, Eugene, Sanders, Kerrie, Silverman, S., Solodovnikov, A., Tamulaitiene, M., Thomas, T., ... John, Handelshogskolan i Stockholm 2017. Quality of life for up to 18 months after low-energy hip, vertebral, and distal forearm fractures-results from the ICUROS. Osteoporosis International. 29 (3), pp. 557 - 566. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00198-017-4317-4
Vitamin D, bones and muscle: myth versus reality
Duque, Gustavo, Daly, Rob, Sanders, Kerrie and Kiel, Douglas P. 2017. Vitamin D, bones and muscle: myth versus reality. Australasian Journal on Ageing. 36 (1), pp. 8 - 13. https://doi.org/10.1111/ajag.12408
Associations between illness duration and health-related quality of life in specified mental and physical chronic health conditions: results from a population-based survey
Busija, Lucy, Tan, Jeretine and Sanders, Kerrie 2017. Associations between illness duration and health-related quality of life in specified mental and physical chronic health conditions: results from a population-based survey. Quality of Life Research. 26 (10), pp. 2671 - 2681. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-017-1592-7
The effect of vitamin D status on pain, lower limb strength and knee function during balance recovery in people with knee osteoarthritis: an exploratory study
Levinger, P., Begg, Rezaul, Sanders, Kerrie, Nagano, Hanatsu, Downie, Calum, Petersen, Aaron, Hayes, A. and Cicuttini, Flavia 2017. The effect of vitamin D status on pain, lower limb strength and knee function during balance recovery in people with knee osteoarthritis: an exploratory study. Archives of Osteoporosis. 12 (83), pp. 1 - 6. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11657-017-0378-4
Osteoporosis costing Tasmania: A burden of disease analysis - 2012 to 2022
Sanders, Kerrie, Watts, Jennifer, Abimanyi-Ochom, J. and Murtaza, Ghulam 2017. Osteoporosis costing Tasmania: A burden of disease analysis - 2012 to 2022. Australia: Osteoporosis Australia.
Osteoporosis costing Northern Territory: A burden of disease analysis - 2012 to 2022
Sanders, Kerrie, Watts, Jennifer, Abimanyi-Ochom, J. and Murtaza, Ghulam 2017. Osteoporosis costing Northern Territory: A burden of disease analysis - 2012 to 2022. Australia: Osteoporosis Australia.
Dietary quality is associated with abdominal aortic calcification: a mean of 18-year longitudinal study in community-dwelling older adults
Shang, Xianwen, Scott, David, Hodge, Allison, Khan, Belal, Khan, Nayab, English, Dallas, Giles, Graham G., Ebeling, Peter and Sanders, Kerrie 2017. Dietary quality is associated with abdominal aortic calcification: a mean of 18-year longitudinal study in community-dwelling older adults. Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging. 21 (2), pp. 147 - 151. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12603-016-0738-6
Osteoporosis costing Western Australia: A burden of disease analysis - 2012 to 2022
Sanders, Kerrie, Watts, Jennifer, Abimanyi-Ochom, J. and Murtaza, Ghulam 2017. Osteoporosis costing Western Australia: A burden of disease analysis - 2012 to 2022. Australia: Osteoporosis Australia.
Osteoporosis costing South Australia: A burden of disease analysis - 2012 to 2022
Sanders, Kerrie, Watts, Jennifer, Abimanyi-Ochom, J. and Murtaza, Ghulam 2017. Osteoporosis costing South Australia: A burden of disease analysis - 2012 to 2022. Australia: Osteoporosis Australia.
Osteoporosis costing Queensland: A burden of disease analysis - 2012 to 2022
Sanders, Kerrie, Watts, Jennifer, Abimanyi-Ochom, J. and Murtaza, Ghulam 2017. Osteoporosis costing Queensland: A burden of disease analysis - 2012 to 2022. Australia: Osteoporosis Australia.
A randomised controlled trial of low-dose aspirin for the prevention of fractures in healthy older people: Protocol for the ASPREE-Fracture substudy
Barker, Anna L., McNeil, John, Seeman, Ego, Ward, Stephanie A., Sanders, Kerrie M., Khosla, Sundeep, Cumming, Robert G., Pasco, Julie A., Bohensky, Megan A., Ebeling, Peter E., Woods, Robyn L., Lockery, Jessica E., Wolfe, Rory and Talevski, Jason 2016. A randomised controlled trial of low-dose aspirin for the prevention of fractures in healthy older people: Protocol for the ASPREE-Fracture substudy. Injury Prevention. 22 (4), pp. 297 - 301. https://doi.org/10.1136/injuryprev-2015-041655
Non-hip and non-vertebral fractures: the neglected fracture sites
Holloway, Kara, Henry, Margaret, Brennan-Olsen, Sharon, Bucki-Smith, Gosia, Nicholson, Geoffrey Charles, Korn, S., Sanders, Kerrie, Pasco, Julie and Kotowicz, Mark 2016. Non-hip and non-vertebral fractures: the neglected fracture sites. Osteoporosis International. 27 (3), pp. 905 - 913. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00198-015-3322-8
The association between anxiety and falls: A meta-analysis
Hallford, David John, Nicholson, Geoffrey Charles, Sanders, Kerrie and McCabe, Marita Patricia 2016. The association between anxiety and falls: A meta-analysis. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences. 00 (00), pp. 1 - 13. https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbv160
Therapy: New findings on vitamin D3 supplementation and falls-when more is perhaps not better
Sanders, Kerrie and Seibel, Markus J. 2016. Therapy: New findings on vitamin D3 supplementation and falls-when more is perhaps not better. Nature Reviews Endocrinology. 12 (4), pp. 190 - 191. https://doi.org/10.1038/nrendo.2016.29
Few geographic and socioeconomic variations exist in primary total shoulder arthroplasty: A multi-level study of Australian registry data
Brennan-Olsen, Sharon L., Page, Richard S., Lane, Steven E., Lorimer, Michelle, Buchbinder, Rachelle, Osborne, Richard H., Pasco, Julie A., Wluka, Anita E., Sanders, Kerrie M., Ebeling, Peter R. and Graves, Stephen E. 2016. Few geographic and socioeconomic variations exist in primary total shoulder arthroplasty: A multi-level study of Australian registry data. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders. 17 (291), pp. 1 - 9. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12891-016-1134-4
Dietary protein intake and risk of type 2 diabetes: Results from the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study and a meta-analysis of prospective studies
Shang, Xianwen, Scott, David, Hodge, Allison M., English, Dallas R., Giles, Graham G., Ebeling, Peter R. and Sanders, Kerrie M. 2016. Dietary protein intake and risk of type 2 diabetes: Results from the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study and a meta-analysis of prospective studies. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 104 (5), pp. 1352 - 1365. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.116.140954
Vitamin D and physical activity status : Associations with five-year changes in body composition and muscle function in community-dwelling older adults
Scott, David, Ebeling, Peter, Sanders, Kerrie, Aitken, Dawn, Winzenberg, Tania and Jones, Graeme 2015. Vitamin D and physical activity status : Associations with five-year changes in body composition and muscle function in community-dwelling older adults. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 100 (2), pp. 670 - 678. https://doi.org/10.1210/jc.2014-3519
Validity of 12-month falls recall in community-dwelling older women participating in a clinical trial
Sanders, Kerrie M., Stuart, Amanda L., Scott, David, Kotowicz, Mark A. and Nicholson, Geoff C. 2015. Validity of 12-month falls recall in community-dwelling older women participating in a clinical trial. International Journal of Endocrinology. https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/210527
Effectiveness of dual-task functional power training for preventing falls in older people : Study protocol for a cluster randomised controlled trial
Daly, Robin, Duckham, Rachel, Tait, Jamie, Rantalainen, Timo, Nowson, Caryl, Taaffe, Dennis, Sanders, Kerrie, Hill, Keith, Kidgell, Dawson and Busija, Ljoudmila 2015. Effectiveness of dual-task functional power training for preventing falls in older people : Study protocol for a cluster randomised controlled trial. Trials (online). 16 (120), pp. 1 - 15. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-015-0652-y
Humeral fractures in south-eastern Australia: Epidemiology and risk factors
Holloway, Kara, Bucki-Smith, Gosia, Morse, Amelia, Brennan-Olsen, Sharon, Kotowicz, Mark, Moloney, David, Sanders, Kerrie, Korn, S, Timney, Elizabeth, Dobbins, Amelia and Pasco, Julie 2015. Humeral fractures in south-eastern Australia: Epidemiology and risk factors. Calcified Tissue International. 97 (5), pp. 453 - 465. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00223-015-0039-9
Dietary a-linolenic acid and total omega-3 fatty acids are inversely associated with abdominal aortic calcification in older women, but not in older men
Shang, Xianwen, Sanders, Kerrie, Scott, David, Khan, Belal, Hodge, Allison, Khan, Nayab, English, Dallas, Giles, Graham and Ebeling, Peter 2015. Dietary a-linolenic acid and total omega-3 fatty acids are inversely associated with abdominal aortic calcification in older women, but not in older men. The Journal of Nutrition. 145 (8), pp. 1778 - 1786. https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.115.211789
Effects of a targeted multimodal exercise program incorporating high-speed power training on falls and fracture risk factors in older adults: A community-based randomized controlled trial
Gianoudis, Jenny, Bailey, Christine A., Ebeling, Peter R., Nowson, Caryl A., Sanders, Kerrie M., Hill, Keith and Daly, Robin M. 2014. Effects of a targeted multimodal exercise program incorporating high-speed power training on falls and fracture risk factors in older adults: A community-based randomized controlled trial. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. 29 (1), pp. 182 - 191. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbmr.2014
Associations between socioeconomic status and primary total knee joint replacements performed for osteoarthritis across Australia 2003-10: data from the Australian Orthopaedic Association National Joint Replacement Registry
Brennan, Sharon L., Lane, Stephen E., Lorimer, Michelle, Buchbinder, Rachelle, Wluka, Anita E., Page, Richard S., Osborne, Richard H., Pasco, Julie A., Sanders, Kerrie M., Cashman, Kara, Ebeling, Peter R. and Graves, Stephen E. 2014. Associations between socioeconomic status and primary total knee joint replacements performed for osteoarthritis across Australia 2003-10: data from the Australian Orthopaedic Association National Joint Replacement Registry. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders. 15 (356), pp. 1 - 9. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2474-15-356
Sarcopenic obesity and dynapenic obesity: 5-year associations with falls risk in middle-aged and older adults
Scott, David, Sanders, Kerrie M., Aitken, Dawn, Hayes, Alan, Ebeling, Peter R. and Jones, Graeme 2014. Sarcopenic obesity and dynapenic obesity: 5-year associations with falls risk in middle-aged and older adults. Obesity. 22 (6), pp. 1568 - 1574. https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.20734
Efficacy and safety of oral methazolamide in patients with type 2 diabetes: A 24-week, placebo-controlled, double-blind study
Simpson, Richard W., Nicholson, Geoffrey C., Proietto, Joseph, Sarah, Alana, Sanders, Kerrie M., Phillips, Gabrielle, Chambers, Jo, MacGinley, Rob, Orford, Neil, Walder, Ken, Krippner, Guy, Skoff, Kathy and Wacher, Vincent J. 2014. Efficacy and safety of oral methazolamide in patients with type 2 diabetes: A 24-week, placebo-controlled, double-blind study. Diabetes Care. 37 (11), pp. 3121 - 3123. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc14-1038
Shining the Light on Sunshine: A systematic review of the influence of sun exposure on type 2 diabetes mellitus-related outcomes
Shore-Lorenti, Catherine, Brennan, Sharon L., Sanders, Kerrie M., Neale, Rachel E., Lucas, Robyn M. and Ebeling, Peter R. 2014. Shining the Light on Sunshine: A systematic review of the influence of sun exposure on type 2 diabetes mellitus-related outcomes. Clinical Endocrinology. 81 (6), pp. 799 - 811. https://doi.org/10.1111/cen.12567
Serum selenium status in Graves' disease with and without orbitopathy: A case-control study
Khong, Jwu Jin, Goldstein, Rebecca F., Sanders, Kerrie M., Schneider, Hans, Pope, Jeffrey, Burdon, Kathryn P., Craigh, Jamie E., Ebeling, Peter R. and Peter, 2014. Serum selenium status in Graves' disease with and without orbitopathy: A case-control study. Clinical Endocrinology. 80 (6), pp. 905 - 910. https://doi.org/10.1111/cen.12392
Investigating the predictive ability of gait speed and quadriceps strength for incident falls in community-dwelling older women at high risk of fracture
Scott, David, Stuart, Amanda, Kay, Deborah, Ebeling, Peter, Nicholson, Geoffrey and Sanders, Kerrie 2014. Investigating the predictive ability of gait speed and quadriceps strength for incident falls in community-dwelling older women at high risk of fracture. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics. 58 (3), pp. 308 - 313. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2013.11.004
The prevalence of vitamin B12 deficiency in a random sample from the Australian population
Moore, Eileen, Pasco, Julie, Mander, Alastair, Sanders, Kerrie, Carne, Ross, Jenkins, Nicole, Black, Marion, Schneider, Hans, Ames, David and Watters, David 2014. The prevalence of vitamin B12 deficiency in a random sample from the Australian population. Journal of Investigational Biochemistry. 3 (3), pp. 95 - 100. https://doi.org/10.5455/jib.20140716041521
Undercarboxylated osteocalcin, muscle strength and indices of bone health in older women
Levinger, Itamar, Scott, David, Nicholson, Geoffrey, Stuart, Amanda, Duque, Gustavo, McCorquodale, Thomas, Herrmann, Markus, Ebeling, Peter and Sanders, Kerrie 2014. Undercarboxylated osteocalcin, muscle strength and indices of bone health in older women. Bone. 64, pp. 8 - 12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bone.2014.03.008
Is high dose Vitamin D harmful?
Sanders, Kerrie, Nicholson, Geoffrey and Ebeling, Peter 2013. Is high dose Vitamin D harmful? Calcified Tissue International. 92 (2), pp. 191 - 206. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00223-012-9679-1
Osteo-cise: Strong Bones for Life: Protocol for a community-based randomised controlled trial of a multi-modal exercise and osteoporosis education program for older adults at risk of falls and fractures
Gianoudis, Jenny, Bailey, Christine A., Sanders, Kerrie M., Nowson, Caryl A., Hill, Keith, Ebeling, Peter R. and Daly, Robin M. 2012. Osteo-cise: Strong Bones for Life: Protocol for a community-based randomised controlled trial of a multi-modal exercise and osteoporosis education program for older adults at risk of falls and fractures. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders. 13 (78), pp. 1 - 16. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2474-13-78
Vitamin D with calcium reduces mortality: Patient level pooled analysis of 70,528 patients from eight major vitamin D trials
Rejnmark, Lars, Avenell, Alison, Masud, Tahir, Anderson, Frazer, Meyer, Haakon E., Sanders, Kerrie M., Salovaara, Kari, Cooper, Cyrus, Smith, Helen E., Jacobs, Elizabeth T., Torgerson, David, Jackson, Rebecca D., Manson, JoAnn E., Brixon, Kim, Mosekilde, Leif, Robbins, John A., Francis, Roger M. and Abrahamsen, Bo 2012. Vitamin D with calcium reduces mortality: Patient level pooled analysis of 70,528 patients from eight major vitamin D trials. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 97 (8), pp. 2670 - 2681. https://doi.org/10.1210/jc.2011-3328
Fracture risk score and absolute risk of fracture
Henry, Margaret, Pasco, Julie, Merriman, Elizabeth, Zhang, Yu, Sanders, Kerrie, Kotowicz, Mark and Nicholson, Geoffrey 2011. Fracture risk score and absolute risk of fracture. Radiology. 259 (2), pp. 495 - 501. https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.10101406
Changes in hip fracture rates in southeastern Australia spanning the period 1994-2007
Pasco, Julie, Brennan, Sharon, Henry, Margaret, Nicholson, Geoffrey, Sanders, Kerrie, Zhang, Yu and Kotowicz, Mark 2011. Changes in hip fracture rates in southeastern Australia spanning the period 1994-2007. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. 26 (7), pp. 1648 - 1654. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbmr.393
Independent and combined effects of calcium-vitamin D3 and exercise on bone structure and strength in older men: An 18-month factorial design randomized controlled trial
Kukuljan, Sonja, Nowson, Caryl, Sanders, Kerrie, Nicholson, Geoffrey, Seibel, Markus, Salmon, Jo and Daly, Robin 2011. Independent and combined effects of calcium-vitamin D3 and exercise on bone structure and strength in older men: An 18-month factorial design randomized controlled trial. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 96 (4), pp. 955 - 963. https://doi.org/10.1210/jc.2010-2284
Inflammatory cytokine responses to progressive resistance training and supplementation with fortified milk in men aged 50+ years: An 18-month randomized controlled trial
Peake, Jonathan, Kukuljan, Sonja, Nowson, Caryl, Sanders, Kerrie and Daly, Robin 2011. Inflammatory cytokine responses to progressive resistance training and supplementation with fortified milk in men aged 50+ years: An 18-month randomized controlled trial. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 111 (12), pp. 3079 - 3088. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-011-1942-z
Paracetamol (acetaminophen) use, fracture and bone mineral density
Williams, Lana, Pasco, Julie, Henry, Margaret, Sanders, Kerrie, Nicholson, Geoffrey, Kotowicz, Mark and Berk, Michael 2011. Paracetamol (acetaminophen) use, fracture and bone mineral density. Bone. 48 (6), pp. 1277 - 1281. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bone.2011.03.435
Annual high-dose vitamin D3 and mental well-being: Randomised controlled trial
Sanders, Kerrie, Stuart, Amanda, Williamson, Elizabeth, Jacka, Felice, Dodd, Seetal, Nicholson, Geoff and Berk, Michael 2011. Annual high-dose vitamin D3 and mental well-being: Randomised controlled trial. British Journal of Psychiatry. 198 (5), pp. 357 - 364. https://doi.org/10.1192/bjp.bp.110.087544
Annual feedback is an effective tool for a sustained increase in calcium intake among older women
Sanders, Kerrie, Stuart, Amanda L., Kotowicz, Mark and Nicholson, Geoff 2010. Annual feedback is an effective tool for a sustained increase in calcium intake among older women. Nutrients. 2 (9), pp. 1018 - 1025. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu2091018
Annual high-dose oral vitamin D and falls and fractures in older women: A randomized controlled trial
Sanders, Kerrie, Stuart, Amanda L., Williamson, Elizabeth J., Simpson, Julie A., Kotowicz, Mark, Young, Doris and Nicholson, Geoff 2010. Annual high-dose oral vitamin D and falls and fractures in older women: A randomized controlled trial. JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association. 303 (18), pp. 1815 - 1822. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2010.594
The use of clinical risk factors enhances the performance of BMD in the prediction of hip and osteoporotic fractures in men and women
Kanis, John, Oden, Anders, Johnell, O., Johansson, Helena, Laet, C. De, Brown, Jacques P., Burckhardt, Peter, Cooper, Cyrus, Christiansen, Claus, Cummings, Steven R., Eisman, John A., Fujiwara, S., Glüer, C. C., Goltzman, David, Hans, Didier, Krieg, Marc Antoine, Lacroix, Andrea Z., McCloskey, Eugene, Mellström, Dan, ... Yoshimura, N. 2007. The use of clinical risk factors enhances the performance of BMD in the prediction of hip and osteoporotic fractures in men and women. Osteoporosis International. 18 (8), pp. 1033 - 1046. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00198-007-0343-y