Blood sampling through peripheral intravenous cannulas: A look at current practice in Australia

Journal article


Davies, Hugh, Coventry, Linda L., Jacob, Alycia M., Stoneman, Laurita and Jacob, Elisabeth. (2019) Blood sampling through peripheral intravenous cannulas: A look at current practice in Australia. Collegian. 27(2), pp. 219 - 225. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colegn.2019.07.010
AuthorsDavies, Hugh, Coventry, Linda L., Jacob, Alycia M., Stoneman, Laurita and Jacob, Elisabeth
Abstract

Background Sampling blood from a peripheral intravenous cannula offers an alternative to venepuncture. This practice can reduce frequency of venepuncture and patient discomfort. Opponents argue the practice increases the chance of haemolysis, risk of infection and device failure. Aim To describe the prevalence and practice of blood sampling from peripheral intravenous cannulas by Australian nurses. Methods This study used a descriptive cross-sectional design and data were collected using an electronic survey. The survey examined Australian nurses’ practice of sampling blood from peripheral intravenous cannulas. Quantitative descriptive data was analysed and presented as frequencies, percentages, medians and ranges. Findings A total of 542 nurses participated in the survey. Of these, 338 (62.4%) completed the survey. The majority of responses came from the State of Victoria (n = 137, 40.5%) and one-third were emergency nurses (n = 112, 33.1%). Sampling of blood from peripheral intravenous cannulas occurred between 37.5% and 66.7% throughout the State and Territories of Australia. Peripheral intravenous cannula blood sampling was most common in the emergency department (n = 93, 53.4%). The most frequent reasons given were difficulty of access (n = 223, 66.0%) followed by patient comfort (n = 194, 57.4%). Discussion Blood sampling is required to diagnose and monitor treatment responses. A peripheral intravenous cannula offers the opportunity to sample blood without the need for venepuncture. Practice recommendations on when to sample blood and correct sampling technique are based on limited or conflicting evidence. Conclusion Findings from this study indicate it is common practice to draw blood samples from a peripheral intravenous cannula. Further research is required to examine the accuracy and safety of this practice to further inform policy.

Keywordsblood sampling; haemolysis; peripheral intravenous cannula; venepuncture
Year2019
JournalCollegian
Journal citation27 (2), pp. 219 - 225
PublisherElsevier BV
ISSN1322-7696
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colegn.2019.07.010
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85075819472
Open accessOpen access
Page range219 - 225
Research GroupSchool of Nursing, Midwifery and Paramedicine
Publisher's version
License
Place of publicationNetherlands
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