Which method of fall ascertainment captures the most falls in prefrail and frail seniors?
Teister, Corina J., Chocano-Bedoya, Patricia O., Orav, Endel J., Dawson-Hughes, Bess, Meyer, Ursina, Meyer, Otto W., Freystaetter, Gregor, Gagesch, Michael, Rizzoli, Rene, Egli, Andreas, Theiler, Robert, Kanis, John A. and Bischoff-Ferrari, Heike A.. (2018). Which method of fall ascertainment captures the most falls in prefrail and frail seniors? American Journal of Epidemiology. 187(10), pp. 2243 - 2251. https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwy113
|Authors||Teister, Corina J., Chocano-Bedoya, Patricia O., Orav, Endel J., Dawson-Hughes, Bess, Meyer, Ursina, Meyer, Otto W., Freystaetter, Gregor, Gagesch, Michael, Rizzoli, Rene, Egli, Andreas, Theiler, Robert, Kanis, John A. and Bischoff-Ferrari, Heike A.|
There is no consensus on the most reliable method of ascertaining falls among the elderly. Therefore, we investigated which method captured the most falls among prefrail and frail seniors from 2 randomized controlled trials conducted in Zurich, Switzerland: an 18-month trial (2009–2010) including 200 community-dwelling prefrail seniors with a prior fall and a 12-month trial (2005–2008) including 173 frail seniors with acute hip fracture. Both trials included the same methods of fall ascertainment: monthly active asking, daily self-report diary entries, and a call-in hotline. We compared numbers of falls reported and estimated overall and positive percent agreement between methods. Prefrail seniors reported 499 falls (fall rate = 2.5/year) and frail seniors reported 205 falls (fall rate = 1.4/year). Most falls (81% of falls in prefrail seniors and 78% in frail seniors) were reported via active asking. Among prefrail seniors, diaries captured an additional 19% of falls, while the hotline added none. Among frail seniors, the hotline added 16% of falls, while diaries added 6%. The positive percent agreement between active asking and diary entries was 100% among prefrail seniors and 88% among frail seniors. While monthly active asking captures most falls in both groups, this method alone missed 19% of falls in prefrail seniors and 22% in frail seniors. Thus, a combination of active asking and diaries for prefrail seniors and a combination of active asking and a hotline for frail seniors is warranted.
|Keywords||aged; ascertainment methods; diaries; falls; frailty; hotlines; seniors|
|Journal||American Journal of Epidemiology|
|Journal citation||187 (10), pp. 2243 - 2251|
|Publisher||Oxford University Press|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwy113|
|Page range||2243 - 2251|
|Research Group||Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research|
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|Place of publication||United Kingdom|
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