Acquisition of orthographic forms via complex spoken word training

Journal article


Beyersmann, Elisabeth, Wegener, Signy, Spencer, Jasmine and Castles, Anne. (2023). Acquisition of orthographic forms via complex spoken word training. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review. 30, pp. 739-750. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13423-022-02185-y
AuthorsBeyersmann, Elisabeth, Wegener, Signy, Spencer, Jasmine and Castles, Anne
Abstract

This study used a novel word-training paradigm to examine the integration of spoken word knowledge when learning to read morphologically complex novel words. Australian primary school children including Grades 3–5 were taught the oral form of a set of novel morphologically complex words (e.g., (/vɪbɪŋ/, /vɪbd/, /vɪbz/), with a second set serving as untrained items. Following oral training, participants saw the printed form of the novel word stems for the first time (e.g., vib), embedded in sentences, while their eye movements were monitored. Half of the stems were spelled predictably and half were spelled unpredictably. Reading times were shorter for orally trained stems with predictable than unpredictable spellings and this difference was greater for trained than untrained items. These findings suggest that children were able to form robust orthographic expectations of the embedded morphemic stems during spoken word learning, which may have occurred automatically without any explicit control of the applied mappings, despite still being in the early stages of reading development. Following the sentence reading task, children completed a reading-aloud task where they were exposed to the novel orthographic forms for a second time. The findings are discussed in the context of theories of reading acquisition.

Keywordsspoken-word learning; eye tracking; morphological processing; reading acquisition
Year2023
JournalPsychonomic Bulletin and Review
Journal citation30, pp. 739-750
PublisherSpringer
ISSN1069-9384
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3758/s13423-022-02185-y
PubMed ID36253589
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85139999898
PubMed Central IDPMC10104914
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
Page range739-750
FunderAustralian Research Council (ARC)
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online17 Oct 2022
Publication process dates
Accepted07 Sep 2022
Deposited17 Jul 2023
ARC Funded ResearchThis output has been funded, wholly or partially, under the Australian Research Council Act 2001
Grant IDDE190100850
DP200100311
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