Low self-concept in poor readers : Prevalence, heterogeneity, and risk

Journal article


McArthur, Genevieve, Castles, Anne, Kohnen, Saskia and Banales, Erin. (2016). Low self-concept in poor readers : Prevalence, heterogeneity, and risk. PeerJ. 2016(11), p. Article e2669. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.2669
AuthorsMcArthur, Genevieve, Castles, Anne, Kohnen, Saskia and Banales, Erin
Abstract

There is evidence that poor readers are at increased risk for various types of low self-concept—particularly academic self-concept. However, this evidence ignores the heterogeneous nature of poor readers, and hence the likelihood that not all poor readers have low self-concept. The aim of this study was to better understand which types of poor readers have low self-concept. We tested 77 children with poor reading for their age for four types of self-concept, four types of reading, three types of spoken language, and two types of attention. We found that poor readers with poor attention had low academic self-concept, while poor readers with poor spoken language had low general self-concept in addition to low academic self-concept. In contrast, poor readers with typical spoken language and attention did not have low self-concept of any type. We also discovered that academic self-concept was reliably associated with reading and receptive spoken vocabulary, and that general self-concept was reliably associated with spoken vocabulary. These outcomes suggest that poor readers with multiple impairments in reading, language, and attention are at higher risk for low academic and general self-concept, and hence need to be assessed for self-concept in clinical practice. Our results also highlight the need for further investigation into the heterogeneous nature of self-concept in poor readers.

Keywordsself-concept; poor readers; dyslexia; language impairment; inattention; prevalence; heterogeneity; cumulative risk
Year2016
JournalPeerJ
Journal citation2016 (11), p. Article e2669
PublisherPeerJ Inc.
ISSN2167-8359
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.2669
PubMed ID27867764
Scopus EID2-s2.0-84995449869
PubMed Central IDPMC5111895
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
Page range1-25
FunderNational Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)
Australian Research Council (ARC)
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online09 Nov 2016
Publication process dates
Accepted08 Oct 2016
Deposited16 Nov 2023
ARC Funded ResearchThis output has been funded, wholly or partially, under the Australian Research Council Act 2001
Grant ID488518
DP0879556
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