Post-game high protein intake may improve recovery of football-specific performance during a congested game fixture : Results from the PRO-FOOTBALL study

Journal article


Poulios, Athanasios, Fatouros, Ioannis G., Mohr, Magni, Draganidis, Dimitrios, Deli, Chariklia K., Papanikolaou, Konstantinos, Sovatzidis, Apostolos, Nakopoulou, Theofano, Ermidis, Georgios, Tzatzakis, Theofanis, Laschou, Vasiliki C., Georgakouli, Kalliopi, Koulouris, Agisilaos, Tsimeas, Panagiotis, Chatzinikolaou, Athanasios, Karagounis, Leonidas G., Batsilas, Dimitrios, Krustrup, Peter and Jamurtas, Athanasios Z.. (2018). Post-game high protein intake may improve recovery of football-specific performance during a congested game fixture : Results from the PRO-FOOTBALL study. Nutrients. 10(4), p. Article 494. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10040494
AuthorsPoulios, Athanasios, Fatouros, Ioannis G., Mohr, Magni, Draganidis, Dimitrios, Deli, Chariklia K., Papanikolaou, Konstantinos, Sovatzidis, Apostolos, Nakopoulou, Theofano, Ermidis, Georgios, Tzatzakis, Theofanis, Laschou, Vasiliki C., Georgakouli, Kalliopi, Koulouris, Agisilaos, Tsimeas, Panagiotis, Chatzinikolaou, Athanasios, Karagounis, Leonidas G., Batsilas, Dimitrios, Krustrup, Peter and Jamurtas, Athanasios Z.
Abstract

The effects of protein supplementation on performance recovery and inflammatory responses during a simulated one-week in-season microcycle with two games (G1, G2) performed three days apart were examined. Twenty football players participated in two trials, receiving either milk protein concentrate (1.15 and 0.26 g/kg on game and training days, respectively) (PRO) or an energy-matched placebo (1.37 and 0.31 g/kg of carbohydrate on game and training days, respectively) (PLA) according to a randomized, repeated-measures, crossover, double-blind design. Each trial included two games and four daily practices. Speed, jump height, isokinetic peak torque, and muscle soreness of knee flexors (KF) and extensors (KE) were measured before G1 and daily thereafter for six days. Blood was drawn before G1 and daily thereafter. Football-specific locomotor activity and heart rate were monitored using GPS technology during games and practices. The two games resulted in reduced speed (by 3–17%), strength of knee flexors (by 12–23%), and jumping performance (by 3–10%) throughout recovery, in both trials. Average heart rate and total distance covered during games remained unchanged in PRO but not in PLA. Moreover, PRO resulted in a change of smaller magnitude in high-intensity running at the end of G2 (75–90 min vs. 0–15 min) compared to PLA (P = 0.012). KE concentric strength demonstrated a more prolonged decline in PLA (days 1 and 2 after G1, P = 0.014–0.018; days 1, 2 and 3 after G2, P = 0.016–0.037) compared to PRO (days 1 after G1, P = 0.013; days 1 and 2 after G2, P = 0.014–0.033) following both games. KF eccentric strength decreased throughout recovery after G1 (PLA: P=0.001–0.047—PRO: P =0.004–0.22) in both trials, whereas after G2 it declined throughout recovery in PLA (P = 0.000–0.013) but only during the first two days (P = 0.000–0.014) in PRO. No treatment effect was observed for delayed onset of muscle soreness, leukocyte counts, and creatine kinase activity. PRO resulted in a faster recovery of protein and lipid peroxidation markers after both games. Reduced glutathione demonstrated a more short-lived reduction after G2 in PRO compared to PLA. In summary, these results provide evidence that protein feeding may more efficiently restore football-specific performance and strength and provide antioxidant protection during a congested game fixture.

Keywordsprotein supplementation; football; in-season; field activity; performance; congested fixture
Year2018
JournalNutrients
Journal citation10 (4), p. Article 494
PublisherMDPI
Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI AG)
ISSN2072-6643
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10040494
PubMed ID29659539
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85045663534
PubMed Central IDPMC5946279
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
Page range1-26
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online16 Apr 2018
Publication process dates
Deposited29 Nov 2023
Accepted05 Apr 2018
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