Anemia is associated with increased risk of non-vertebral osteoporotic fractures in elderly men : the MrOS Sweden cohort
Kristjansdottir, Hallgerdur, Mellstrom, Dan, Johansson, Peter, Karlsson, Magnus, Vandenput, Liesbeth, Lorentzon, Karl Mattias, Herlitz, Hans, Ohlsson, Claes, Lerner, Ulf and Lewerin, Catharina. (2022). Anemia is associated with increased risk of non-vertebral osteoporotic fractures in elderly men : the MrOS Sweden cohort. Archives of Osteoporosis. 17(1), pp. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11657-022-01130-9
|Authors||Kristjansdottir, Hallgerdur, Mellstrom, Dan, Johansson, Peter, Karlsson, Magnus, Vandenput, Liesbeth, Lorentzon, Karl Mattias, Herlitz, Hans, Ohlsson, Claes, Lerner, Ulf and Lewerin, Catharina|
Summary: This study includes 1005 men from the Gothenburg part of the Osteoporotic Fracture in Men Study (MrOS). Included are 66 men with anemia (hemoglobin < 130 g/L). The follow-up time was up to 16 years, and the main results are that anemia is associated with all fractures and non-vertebral osteoporotic fractures.
Introduction: Anemia and osteoporotic fractures are conditions that are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Clinical studies have suggested that anemia can be used as a predictor of future osteoporotic fractures.
Method: Men from the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men Study (MrOS) Sweden, Gothenburg, with available hemoglobin (Hb) values (n = 1005, median age 75.3 years (SD 3.2)), were included in the current analyses. Of these, 66 suffered from anemia, defined as Hb < 130 g/L. Median follow-up time for fracture was 10.1 years and the longest follow-up time was 16.1 years.
Results: Men with anemia had, at baseline, experienced more falls and had a higher prevalence of diabetes, cancer, prostate cancer, hypertension, and stroke. Anemia was not statistically significantly associated with bone mineral density (BMD). Men with anemia had higher serum levels of fibroblast growth factor 23 (iFGF23) (p < 0.001) and phosphate (p = 0.001) and lower serum levels of testosterone (p < 0.001) and estradiol (p < 0.001). Moreover, men with anemia had an increased risk of any fracture (hazard ratio (HR) 1.97, 95% CI 1.28–3.02) and non-vertebral osteoporotic fracture (HR 2.15, 95% CI 1.18–3.93), after adjustment for age and total hip BMD, in 10 years. The risk for any fracture was increased in 10 and 16 years independently of falls, comorbidities, inflammation, and sex hormones. The age-adjusted risk of hip fracture was increased in men with anemia (HR 2.32, 95% CI 1.06–5.12), in 10 years, although this was no longer statistically significant after further adjustment for total hip BMD.
Conclusions: Anemia is associated with an increased risk for any fracture and non-vertebral osteoporotic fracture in elderly men with a long follow-up time. The cause is probably multifactorial and our results support that anemia can be used as a predictor for future fracture.
|Keywords||Anemia; Elderly men; Fractures; iFGF23|
|Year||01 Jan 2022|
|Journal||Archives of Osteoporosis|
|Journal citation||17 (1), pp. 1-9|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||https://doi.org/10.1007/s11657-022-01130-9|
|PubMed Central ID||9226079|
|Web address (URL)||https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11657-022-01130-9|
|Open access||Published as ‘gold’ (paid) open access|
|Research or scholarly||Research|
File Access Level
|Online||23 Jun 2022|
|Publication process dates|
|Accepted||15 Jun 2022|
|Deposited||05 Jan 2023|
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|Place of publication||United Kingdom|
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