Lower-limb muscle function during sidestep cutting

Journal article


Maniar, Nirav, Schache, Anthony G., Cole, Michael H. and Opar, David. (2019) Lower-limb muscle function during sidestep cutting. Journal of Biomechanics. 82, pp. 186 - 192. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2018.10.021
AuthorsManiar, Nirav, Schache, Anthony G., Cole, Michael H. and Opar, David
Abstract

To investigate lower-limb muscle function during sidestep cutting, prior studies have analysed electromyography (EMG) data together with three dimensional motion analysis. Such an approach does not directly quantify the biomechanical role of individual lower-limb muscles during a sidestep cut. This study recorded three dimensional motion analysis, ground reaction force (GRF) and EMG data for eight healthy males executing an unanticipated sidestep cut. Using a musculoskeletal modelling approach, muscle function was determined by computing the muscle contributions to the GRFs and lower-limb joint moments. We found that bodyweight support (vertical GRF) was primarily provided by the vasti, gluteus maximus, soleus and gastrocnemius. These same muscles, along with the hamstrings, were also primarily responsible for modulating braking and propulsion (anteroposterior GRF). The vasti, gluteus maximus and gluteus medius were the key muscles for accelerating the centre-of-mass towards the desired cutting direction by generating a medially-directed GRF. Our findings have implications for designing retraining programs to improve sidestep cutting technique.

Keywordsmusculoskeletal modelling; centre-of-mass acceleration; ground reaction force; joint moment
Year2019
JournalJournal of Biomechanics
Journal citation82, pp. 186 - 192
PublisherElsevier Inc.
ISSN0021-9290
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2018.10.021
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85056724574
Open accessOpen access
Page range186 - 192
Research GroupSports Performance, Recovery, Injury and New Technologies (SPRINT) Research Centre
Author's accepted manuscript
Place of publicationUnited Kingdom
EditorsF. Guilak
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Hickey, Jack, Timmins, Ryan G., Maniar, Nirav, Williams, Morgan and Opar, David. (2017) Criteria for progressing rehabilitation and determining return to play clearance following hamstring strain injury: A systematic review. Sports Medicine. 47(7). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-016-0667-x
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Cole, Michael H., Naughton, Geraldine A. and Silburn, Peter A.. (2017) Neuromuscular impairments are associated with impaired head and trunk stability during gait in Parkinson fallers. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair. 31(1), pp. 34 - 47. https://doi.org/10.1177/1545968316656057
Predictive modeling of hamstring strain injuries in elite Australian footballers
Ruddy, Joshua, Shield, Anthony J., Maniar, Nirav, Williams, Morgan D., Duhig, Steven J., Timmins, Ryan, Hickey, Jack, Bourne, Matthew N. and Opar, David. (2017) Predictive modeling of hamstring strain injuries in elite Australian footballers. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 50(5), pp. 1 - 30. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000001527
Running exposure is associated with the risk of hamstring strain injury in elite Australian footballers
Ruddy, Joshua D., Pollard, Christopher, Timmins, Ryan, Williams, Morgan, Shield, Anthony and Opar, David. (2017) Running exposure is associated with the risk of hamstring strain injury in elite Australian footballers. British Journal of Sports Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2016-096777
Drop punt kicking induces eccentric knee flexor weakness associated with reductions in hamstring electromyographic activity
Duhig, Steven J., Williams, Morgan, Minett, Geoffrey M., Opar, David and Shield, Anthony J.. (2017) Drop punt kicking induces eccentric knee flexor weakness associated with reductions in hamstring electromyographic activity. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 20(6), pp. 595 - 599. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2016.09.006
Neuromuscular impairments are associated with impaired head and trunk stability during gait in Parkinson fallers
Cole, Michael H., Naughton, Geraldine A. and Silburn, Peter A.. (2017) Neuromuscular impairments are associated with impaired head and trunk stability during gait in Parkinson fallers. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair. 31(1), pp. 34 - 47. https://doi.org/10.1177/1545968316656057
Use of a short-form balance confidence scale to predict future recurrent falls in people with Parkinson Disease
Cole, Michael H., Rippey, Jodi, Naughton, Geraldine A. and Silburn, Peter A.. (2016) Use of a short-form balance confidence scale to predict future recurrent falls in people with Parkinson Disease. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 97(1), pp. 152 - 156. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2015.07.027
Architectural changes of the biceps femoris long head after concentric or eccentric training
Timmins, Ryan G., Ruddy, Joshua D., Presland, Joel, Maniar, Nirav, Shield, Anthony J., Williams, Morgan D. and Opar, David. (2016) Architectural changes of the biceps femoris long head after concentric or eccentric training. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 48(3), pp. 499 - 508. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000000795
Muscle activation patterns in the Nordic hamstring exercise: Impact of prior strain injury
Bourne, Matthew N., Opar, David, Williams, Morgan, Najjar, Aiman Al and Shield, Anthony J.. (2016) Muscle activation patterns in the Nordic hamstring exercise: Impact of prior strain injury. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 26(6). https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12494
Hamstring strength and flexibility after hamstring strain injury: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Maniar, Nirav, Shielf, Anthony J., Williams, Morgan, Timmins, Ryan G. and Opar, David. (2016) Hamstring strength and flexibility after hamstring strain injury: A systematic review and meta-analysis. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 50(15). https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2015-095311
A systematic review on perceptual-motor calibration to changes in action capabilities
van Andel, Steven, Cole, Michael H. and Pepping, Gert-Jan. (2016) A systematic review on perceptual-motor calibration to changes in action capabilities. Human Movement Science. 51(1), pp. 59 - 71. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.humov.2016.11.004
Assessing stability in mild and moderate Parkinson's disease: Can clinical measures provide insight?
Hubble, Ryan P., Silburn, Peter A., Naughton, Geraldine A. and Cole, Michael H.. (2016) Assessing stability in mild and moderate Parkinson's disease: Can clinical measures provide insight? Gait & Posture. 49(1), pp. 7 - 13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2016.06.002
The biomechanics of the modern golf swing: Implications for lower back injuries
Cole, Michael H. and Grimshaw, Paul N.. (2016) The biomechanics of the modern golf swing: Implications for lower back injuries. Sports Medicine. 46(3), pp. 339 - 351. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-015-0429-1
Effect of high-speed running on hamstring strain injury risk
Duhig, Steven, Shield, Anthony, Opar, David, Gabbett, Tim, Ferguson, Cameron and Williams, Morgan. (2016) Effect of high-speed running on hamstring strain injury risk. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 50(24). https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2015-095679
Hamstring strength and flexibility after hamstring strain injury: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Maniar, Nirav, Shield, Anthony J., Williams, Morgan D., Timmins, Ryan Gregory and Opar, David A.. (2016) Hamstring strength and flexibility after hamstring strain injury: A systematic review and meta-analysis. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 50(15), pp. 909 - 920. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2015-095311
Architectural changes of the biceps femoris long head after concentric or eccentric training
Timmins, Ryan G., Ruddy, Joshua D., Presland, Joel, Maniar, Nirav and Williams, Morgan. (2016) Architectural changes of the biceps femoris long head after concentric or eccentric training. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 48(3). https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000000795
Reliability of measures of quadriceps muscle function using magnetic stimulation
Tofari, Paul J., Opar, David, Kemp, Justin Guy, Billaut, Francois and Cormack, Stuart John. (2016) Reliability of measures of quadriceps muscle function using magnetic stimulation. Muscle & Nerve. https://doi.org/10.1002/mus.24926
Monitoring workload in throwing-dominant sports: A systematic review
Black, Georgia M., Gabbett, Tim J., Cole, Michael H. and Naughton, Geraldine. (2016) Monitoring workload in throwing-dominant sports: A systematic review. Sports Medicine. 46, pp. 1503 - 1516. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-016-0529-6
Architectural adaptations of muscle to training and injury: A narrative review outlining the contributions by fascicle length, pennation angle and muscle thickness
Timmins, Ryan G., Shield, Anthony J., Williams, Morgan D., Lorenzen, Christian and Opar, David. (2016) Architectural adaptations of muscle to training and injury: A narrative review outlining the contributions by fascicle length, pennation angle and muscle thickness. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 50(23). https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2015-094881
Effect of high-speed running on hamstring strain injury risk
Duhig, Steven, Shield, Anthony J., Opar, David, Gabbett, Timothy James, Ferguson, Cameron and Williams, Morgan. (2016) Effect of high-speed running on hamstring strain injury risk. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 50(24), pp. 1536 - 1540. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2015-095679
Comparisons of eccentric knee flexor strength and asymmetries across elite, sub-elite and school level cricket players
Chalker, Wade J., Shield, Anthony J., Opar, David and Keogh, Justin W. L.. (2016) Comparisons of eccentric knee flexor strength and asymmetries across elite, sub-elite and school level cricket players. PeerJ. 4, pp. 1 - 10. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.1594
Muscle activation patterns in the Nordic hamstring exercise: Impact of prior strain injury
Bourne, Matthew N., Opar, David, Williams, Morgan David, Al Najjar, Aiman and Shield, Anthony J.. (2016) Muscle activation patterns in the Nordic hamstring exercise: Impact of prior strain injury. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 26(6), pp. 666 - 674. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12494
A systematic review on perceptual-motor calibration to changes in action capabilities
van Andel, Steven, Cole, Michael H. and Pepping, Gert-Jan. (2016) A systematic review on perceptual-motor calibration to changes in action capabilities. Human Movement Science. 51(1), pp. 59 - 71. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.humov.2016.11.004
Use of a short-form balance confidence scale to predict future recurrent falls in people with Parkinson Disease
Cole, Michael H., Rippey, Jodi, Naughton, Geraldine A. and Silburn, Peter A.. (2016) Use of a short-form balance confidence scale to predict future recurrent falls in people with Parkinson Disease. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 97(1), pp. 152 - 156. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2015.07.027
Monitoring workload in throwing-dominant sports: A systematic review
Black, Georgia M., Gabbett, Tim J., Cole, Michael H. and Naughton, Geraldine. (2016) Monitoring workload in throwing-dominant sports: A systematic review. Sports Medicine. 46, pp. 1503 - 1516. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-016-0529-6
The biomechanics of the modern golf swing: Implications for lower back injuries
Cole, Michael H. and Grimshaw, Paul N.. (2016) The biomechanics of the modern golf swing: Implications for lower back injuries. Sports Medicine. 46(3), pp. 339 - 351. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-015-0429-1
What do submarines have in common with diabetes?
Rio, Ebony, Timmins, Ryan Gregory and Opar, David. (2016) What do submarines have in common with diabetes? British Journal of Sports Medicine. 50(16), pp. 955 - 956. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2016-096646
The juxtaposition of science and medicine in sport. Can we all play together nicely?
Opar, David and Rio, Ebony. (2015) The juxtaposition of science and medicine in sport. Can we all play together nicely? British Journal of Sports Medicine. 49(10), pp. 640 - 641. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2015-094819
Eccentric knee flexor strength and risk of hamstring injuries in Rugby Union: A prospective study
Bourne, Matthew, Opar, David, Williams, Morgan and Shield, Anthony. (2015) Eccentric knee flexor strength and risk of hamstring injuries in Rugby Union: A prospective study. American Journal of Sports Medicine. 43(11), pp. 2663 - 2670. https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546515599633
Eccentric hamstring strength and hamstring injury risk in Australian footballers
Opar, David, Williams, Morgan, Timmins, Ryan Gregory, Hickey, Jack, Duhig, Steven and Shield, Anthony. (2015) Eccentric hamstring strength and hamstring injury risk in Australian footballers. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 47(4), pp. 857 - 865. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000000465
The use of wearable microsensors to quantify sport-specific movements
Chambers, Ryan, Gabbett, Tim J., Cole, Michael H. and Beard, Adam. (2015) The use of wearable microsensors to quantify sport-specific movements. Sports Medicine. 45(7), pp. 1065 - 1081. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-015-0332-9
Acute injuries in track and field athletes: A 3-year observational study at the penn relays carnival with epidemiology and medical coverage implications
Opar, David, Drezner, Jonathan, Shield, Anthony, Webner, David, Sennett, Brian, Kapur, Rahul, Cohen, Marc, Ulager, James, Cafengiu, Ana and Cronholm, Peter. (2015) Acute injuries in track and field athletes: A 3-year observational study at the penn relays carnival with epidemiology and medical coverage implications. American Journal of Sports Medicine. 43(4), pp. 816 - 822. https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546514562553
Comparison of anthropometry, upper body strength and lower body power characteristics in different levels of Australian Football players
Bilsborough, Johann, Greenway, Kate, Opar, David, Livingstone, Steuart, Cordy, Justin, Bird, S. and Coutts, Aaron. (2015) Comparison of anthropometry, upper body strength and lower body power characteristics in different levels of Australian Football players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 29(3), pp. 826 - 834. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000682
The impact of previous hamstring strain injury on the change in eccentric hamstring strength during pre-season training in elite Australian footballers
Opar, David, Williams, Morgan, Timmins, Ryan, Hickey, Jack, Duhig, Steven and Shield, Anthony. (2015) The impact of previous hamstring strain injury on the change in eccentric hamstring strength during pre-season training in elite Australian footballers. American Journal of Sports Medicine. 43(2). https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546514556638
Biceps femoris long head architecture: A reliability and retrospective injury study
Timmins, Ryan Gregory, Shield, Anthony, Williams, Morgan, Lorenzen, Christian and Opar, David. (2015) Biceps femoris long head architecture: A reliability and retrospective injury study. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 47(5), pp. 905 - 913. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000000507
The effect of using different regions of interest on local and mean skin temperature
Maniar, Nirav, Bach, Aaron, Stewart, Ian and Costello, Joseph. (2015) The effect of using different regions of interest on local and mean skin temperature. Journal of Thermal Biology. 49-50, pp. 33 - 38. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtherbio.2015.01.008
Eccentric knee flexor strength and risk of hamstring injuries in Rugby Union: A prospective study
Bourne, Matthew, Opar, David, Williams, Morgan and Shield, Anthony. (2015) Eccentric knee flexor strength and risk of hamstring injuries in Rugby Union: A prospective study. American Journal of Sports Medicine. 43(11), pp. 2663 - 2670. https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546515599633
Wearable sensor use for assessing standing balance and walking stability in people with Parkinson’s Disease: A systematic review
Hubble, Ryan, Naughton, Geraldine, Silburn, Peter and Cole, Michael. (2015) Wearable sensor use for assessing standing balance and walking stability in people with Parkinson’s Disease: A systematic review. PLoS ONE. 10(4), pp. 1 - 22. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0123705
The effect of previous hamstring strain injuries on the change in eccentric hamstring strength during preseason training in elite Australian footballers
Opar, David, Williams, Morgan, Timmins, Ryan, Hickey, Jack, Duhig, Steven and Shield, Anthony. (2015) The effect of previous hamstring strain injuries on the change in eccentric hamstring strength during preseason training in elite Australian footballers. American Journal of Sports Medicine. 43(2), pp. 377 - 384. https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546514556638
The use of wearable microsensors to quantify sport-specific movements
Chambers, Ryan, Gabbett, Tim J., Cole, Michael H. and Beard, Adam. (2015) The use of wearable microsensors to quantify sport-specific movements. Sports Medicine. 45(7), pp. 1065 - 1081. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-015-0332-9
Acute injuries in track and field athletes: A 3-year observational study at the penn relays carnival with epidemiology and medical coverage implications
Opar, David, Drezner, Jonathan, Shield, Anthony, Williams, Morgan, Webner, David, Sennett, Brian, Kapur, Rahul, Cohen, Marc, Ulager, James, Cafengiu, Ana and Cronholm, Peter. (2015) Acute injuries in track and field athletes: A 3-year observational study at the penn relays carnival with epidemiology and medical coverage implications. American Journal of Sports Medicine. 43(4), pp. 816 - 822. https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546514562553
Trunk muscle exercises as a means of improving postural stability in people with Parkinson's disease : A protocol for a randomised controlled trial
Hubble, Ryan P., Naughton, Geraldine A., Silburn, Peter and Cole, Michael H.. (2014) Trunk muscle exercises as a means of improving postural stability in people with Parkinson's disease : A protocol for a randomised controlled trial. BMJ Open. 4(12), pp. 1 - 9. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2014-006095
Concurrent validity of accelerations measured using tri-axial inertial measurement unit while walking on firm, compliant and uneven surfaces
Cole, Michael H., van den Hoorn, Wolbert, Kavanagh, Justin K., Morrison, Steven, Hodges, Paul W., Smeathers, James E. and Kerr, Graham K.. (2014) Concurrent validity of accelerations measured using tri-axial inertial measurement unit while walking on firm, compliant and uneven surfaces. PLoS ONE. 9(5), pp. 1 - 12. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0098395
Is There a Potential Relationship Between Prior Hamstring Strain Injury and Increased Risk for Future Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury?
Opar, David and Serpell, Benjamin. (2014) Is There a Potential Relationship Between Prior Hamstring Strain Injury and Increased Risk for Future Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury? Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 95(2), pp. 401 - 405. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2013.07.028
Executive function and postural instability in people with Parkinson's disease
Xu, Dong, Cole, Michael H., Mengersen, Kerrie, Silburn, Peter A., Qiu, Feng, Graepel, Cara and Kerr, Graham. (2014) Executive function and postural instability in people with Parkinson's disease. Parkinson's Disease. 2014(1), pp. 1 - 8. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/684758
The crunch factor's role in golf-related low back pain
Cole, Michael H.. (2014) The crunch factor's role in golf-related low back pain. Spine Journal. 14(5), pp. 799 - 807. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.spinee.2013.09.019
The accuracy and precision of DXA for assessing body composition in team sport athletes
Bilsborough, Johann, Greenway, Kate, Opar, David, Livingstone, Steuart, Cordy, Justin and Coutts, Aaron. (2014) The accuracy and precision of DXA for assessing body composition in team sport athletes. Journal of Sports Sciences. 32(19), pp. 1821 - 1828. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2014.926380
Professionalism, golf coaching and a Master of Science degree: A commentary
Cole, Michael H.. (2014) Professionalism, golf coaching and a Master of Science degree: A commentary. International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching. 9(4), pp. 861 - 864. https://doi.org/10.1260/1747-9541.9.4.717
The crunch factor's role in golf-related low back pain
Cole, Michael H. and Grimshaw, Paul N.. (2014) The crunch factor's role in golf-related low back pain. Spine Journal. 14(5), pp. 799 - 807. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.spinee.2013.09.019
Reduced biceps femoris myoelectrical activity influences eccentric knee flexor weakness after repeat sprint running
Timmins, Ryan Gregory, Opar, David, Williams, Morgan, Schache, Anthony, Dear, Nuala and Shield, Anthony. (2014) Reduced biceps femoris myoelectrical activity influences eccentric knee flexor weakness after repeat sprint running. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 24(4), pp. e299 - e305. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12171
Acute hamstring strain injury in track-and-field athletes: A 3-year observational study at the Penn Relay Carnival
Opar, David, Drezner, Jonathan, Shield, Anthony, Williams, Morgan, Webner, David, Sennett, Brian, Kapur, Rahul, Cohen, M., Ulager, James and Cafengiu, Ana. (2014) Acute hamstring strain injury in track-and-field athletes: A 3-year observational study at the Penn Relay Carnival. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 24(4), pp. e254 - e259. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12159
Is there a potential relationship between prior hamstring strain injury and increased risk for future anterior cruciate ligament injury?
Opar, David and Serpell, Benjamin. (2014) Is there a potential relationship between prior hamstring strain injury and increased risk for future anterior cruciate ligament injury? Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 95(2). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2013.07.028
Professionalism, golf coaching and a Master of Science degree: A commentary
Cole, Michael H.. (2014) Professionalism, golf coaching and a Master of Science degree: A commentary. International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching. 9(4), pp. 861 - 864. https://doi.org/10.1260/1747-9541.9.4.717
Reduced biceps femoris myoelectrical activity influences eccentric knee flexor weakness after repeat sprint running
Timmins, Ryan Gregory, Opar, David, Williams, Morgan, Schache, Anthony, Dear, Nuala and Shield, Anthony J.. (2014) Reduced biceps femoris myoelectrical activity influences eccentric knee flexor weakness after repeat sprint running. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 24(4). https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12171
The financial cost of hamstring strain injuries in the Australian Football League
Hickey, Jack, Shield, Anthony, Williams, Morgan and Opar, David. (2014) The financial cost of hamstring strain injuries in the Australian Football League. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 48(8), pp. 729 - 730. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2013-092884
The financial cost of hamstring strain injuries in the Australian Football League
Hickey, Jack, Shield, Anthony, Williams, Morgan and Opar, David. (2014) The financial cost of hamstring strain injuries in the Australian Football League. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 48(8). https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2013-092884
Acute hamstring strain injury in track-and-field athletes: A 3-year observational study at the Penn Relay Carnival
Opar, David, Drezner, Jonathan, Shield, Anthony, Williams, Morgan, Webner, David, Sennett, Brian, Kapur, Rahul, Cohen, M., Ulager, James and Cafengiu, Ana. (2014) Acute hamstring strain injury in track-and-field athletes: A 3-year observational study at the Penn Relay Carnival. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 24(4). https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12159
A novel device using the Nordic hamstring exercise to assess eccentric knee flexor strength: A reliability and retrospective injury study
Opar, David, Piatowski, Timothy, Williams, Morgan and Shield, Anthony J.. (2013) A novel device using the Nordic hamstring exercise to assess eccentric knee flexor strength: A reliability and retrospective injury study. Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy. 43(9), pp. 636 - 640. https://doi.org/10.2519/jospt.2013.4837
The role of neuromuscular inhibition in hamstring strain injury recurrence
Fyfe, Jackson, Opar, David, Williams, Morgan and Shield, Anthony. (2013) The role of neuromuscular inhibition in hamstring strain injury recurrence. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. 23(3), pp. 523 - 530. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelekin.2012.12.006
Knee flexor stength and bicep femoris electromyographical activity is lower in previously strained hamstrings
Opar, David, Williams, Morgan, Timmins, Ryan Gregory, Dear, Nuala and Shield, Anthony. (2013) Knee flexor stength and bicep femoris electromyographical activity is lower in previously strained hamstrings. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelekin.2012.11.004
Rate of torque and electromyographic development during anticipated eccentric contraction is lower in previously strained hamstrings
Opar, David, Williams, Morgan, Timmins, Ryan Gregory, Dear, Nuala and Shield, Anthony. (2013) Rate of torque and electromyographic development during anticipated eccentric contraction is lower in previously strained hamstrings. The American Journal of Sports Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546512462809
A novel device using the Nordic hamstring exercise to assess eccentric knee flexor strength: A reliability and retrospective injury study
Opar, David, Piatkowski, Timothy, Williams, Morgan and Shield, Anthony. (2013) A novel device using the Nordic hamstring exercise to assess eccentric knee flexor strength: A reliability and retrospective injury study. Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy. 43(9), pp. 636 - 640. https://doi.org/10.2519/jospt.2013.4837
Effects of textured insoles on balance in people with Parkinson's Disease
Qiu, Feng, Cole, Michael H., Davids, Keith W., Hennig, Ewald M., Silburn, Peter A., Netscher, Heather and Kerr, Graham K.. (2013) Effects of textured insoles on balance in people with Parkinson's Disease. PLoS ONE. 8(12), pp. 1 - 8. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0083309
Rate of torque and electromyographic development during anticipated eccentric contraction is lower in previously strained hamstrings
Opar, David, Williams, Morgan, Timmins, Ryan and Dear, Nuala M.. (2013) Rate of torque and electromyographic development during anticipated eccentric contraction is lower in previously strained hamstrings. The American Journal of Sports Medicine. 41(1). https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546512462809
The role of neuromuscular inhibition in hamstring strain injury recurrence
Fyfe, Jackson, Opar, David, Williams, Morgan and Shield, Anthony. (2013) The role of neuromuscular inhibition in hamstring strain injury recurrence. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. 23(3). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelekin.2012.12.006
Knee flexor strength and bicep femoris electromyographical activity is lower in previously strained hamstrings
Opar, David, Williams, Morgan, Timmins, Ryan, Dear, Nuala M. and Shield, Anthony J.. (2013) Knee flexor strength and bicep femoris electromyographical activity is lower in previously strained hamstrings. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. 23(3). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelekin.2012.11.004
Cognitive tasks influence balance performance in people with Parkinson's disease
Xu, Dong, Muthalib, Mark, Pegoraro, Roger, Mengersen, Kerrie, Cole, Michael, Silburn, Peter and Kerr, Graham. (2013) Cognitive tasks influence balance performance in people with Parkinson's disease. 17th International Congress of Parkinson's Disease and Movement Disorders. United States of America: Movement Disorders Society. pp. S200 - S200
A secondary motor task exaggerates gait deficits in Parkinson's fallers
Kerr, Graham K., Cole, Michael, Wood, Joanne M. and Silburn, Peter A.. (2012) A secondary motor task exaggerates gait deficits in Parkinson's fallers. Congress of the International Society of Electrophysiology & Kinesiology. International Society of Electrophysiology & Kinesiology.
How well do clinical tests predict future falls in older people?
Kerr, Graham K., Wood, Joanne M., Lacherez, Philippe F. and Cole, Michael H.. (2012) How well do clinical tests predict future falls in older people?
Cognitive function and postural instability in people with Parkinson's disease
Xu, Dong, Cole, Michael, Mengersen, Kerrie, Silburn, Peter and Kerr, Graham. (2012) Cognitive function and postural instability in people with Parkinson's disease.
Hamstring asymmetry: The key to recurring injury
Hill, Cameron and Cole, Michael. (2012) Hamstring asymmetry: The key to recurring injury.
Hamstring strain injuries: Factors that lead to injury and re-injury
Opar, David, Williams, Morgan and Shield, Anthony. (2012) Hamstring strain injuries: Factors that lead to injury and re-injury. Sports Medicine. 42(3). https://doi.org/10.2165/11594800-000000000-00000
Hamstring strain injuries: Factors that lead to injury and re-injury
Opar, David, Williams, Morgan and Shield, Anthony. (2012) Hamstring strain injuries: Factors that lead to injury and re-injury. Sports Medicine. 42(3), pp. 209 - 226. https://doi.org/10.2165/11594800-000000000-00000
A spatiotemporal analysis of gait freezing and the impact of pedunculopontine nucleus stimulation
Thevathasan, Wesley, Cole, Michael H., Graepel, Cara L., Hyam, Jonathan A., Jenkinson, Ned, Brittain, John-Stuart, Coyne, Terry J., Silburn, Peter A., Aziz, Tipu Z., Kerr, Graham K. and Brown, Peter. (2012) A spatiotemporal analysis of gait freezing and the impact of pedunculopontine nucleus stimulation. Brain. 135, pp. 1446 - 1454. https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/aws039
Performance of a secondary motor task reveals altered gait patterns in future Parkinson's fallers
Kerr, Graham K., Cole, Michael H., Wood, Joanne M. and Silburn, Peter A.. (2012) Performance of a secondary motor task reveals altered gait patterns in future Parkinson's fallers.
Falls in Parkinson's disease: Evidence for altered stepping strategies on compliant surfaces
Cole, Michael H., Silburn, Peter A., Wood, Joanne M. and Kerr, Graham K.. (2011) Falls in Parkinson's disease: Evidence for altered stepping strategies on compliant surfaces. Parkinsonism and Related Disorders. 17(8), pp. 610 - 616. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.parkreldis.2011.05.019
Pedunculopontine nucleus deep brain stimulation produces sustained improvement in primary progressive freezing of gait
Wilcox, Robert A., Cole, Michael H., Wong, David, Coyne, Terry, Silburn, Peter and Kerr, Graham. (2011) Pedunculopontine nucleus deep brain stimulation produces sustained improvement in primary progressive freezing of gait. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry. 82(11), pp. 1256 - 1259. https://doi.org/10.1136/jnnp.2010.213462
Falls in Parkinson's disease: Evidence for altered stepping strategies on compliant surfaces
Cole, Michael H., Silburn, Peter A., Wood, Joanne M. and Kerr, Graham K.. (2011) Falls in Parkinson's disease: Evidence for altered stepping strategies on compliant surfaces. Parkinsonism and Related Disorders. 17(8), pp. 610 - 616. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.parkreldis.2011.05.019
Risk of falls, injurious falls, and other injuries resulting from visual impairment among older adults with age-related macular degeneration
Wood, Joanne M., Lacherez, Philippe, Black, Alex A., Cole, Michael H., Boon, Mei Ying and Kerr, Graham K.. (2011) Risk of falls, injurious falls, and other injuries resulting from visual impairment among older adults with age-related macular degeneration. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. 52(8), pp. 5088 - 5092. https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.10-6644
Pedunculopontine nucleus deep brain stimulation produces sustained improvement in primary progressive freezing of gait
Wilcox, Robert A., Cole, Michael H., Wong, David, Coyne, Terry, Silburn, Peter and Kerr, Graham. (2011) Pedunculopontine nucleus deep brain stimulation produces sustained improvement in primary progressive freezing of gait. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry. 82(11), pp. 1256 - 1259. https://doi.org/10.1136/jnnp.2010.213462
Falls in Parkinson's disease: Kinematic evidence for impaired head and trunk control
Cole, Michael H., Silburn, Peter A., Wood, Joanne M., Worringham, Charles J. and Kerr, Graham K.. (2010) Falls in Parkinson's disease: Kinematic evidence for impaired head and trunk control. Movement Disorders. 25(14), pp. 2369 - 2378. https://doi.org/10.1002/mds.23292
Falls in Parkinson's disease: Kinematic evidence for impaired head and trunk control
Cole, Michael H., Silburn, Peter A., Wood, Joanne M., Worringham, Charles J. and Kerr, Graham K.. (2010) Falls in Parkinson's disease: Kinematic evidence for impaired head and trunk control. Movement Disorders. 25(14), pp. 2369 - 2378. https://doi.org/10.1002/mds.23292
Postural stability and gait among older adults with age-related maculopathy
Wood, Joanne M., Lacherez, Philippe F., Black, Alex A., Cole, Michael H., Boon, Mei Ying and Kerr, Graham K.. (2009) Postural stability and gait among older adults with age-related maculopathy. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. 50(1), pp. 482 - 487. https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.08-1942
The x-factor and its relationship to golfing performance
Cole, Michael H. and Grimshaw, Paul N.. (2009) The x-factor and its relationship to golfing performance. Journal of Quantitative Analysis in Sports. 5(1), pp. 1 - 19. https://doi.org/10.2202/1559-0410.1134