Lower limb sports compression garments improve muscle blood flow and exercise performance during repeated-sprint cycling

Journal article


Broatch, James R., Bishop, David J. and Halson, Shona 2018. Lower limb sports compression garments improve muscle blood flow and exercise performance during repeated-sprint cycling. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 13 (7), pp. 882 - 890. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2017-0638
AuthorsBroatch, James R., Bishop, David J. and Halson, Shona
Abstract

Purpose: Evidence supporting the use of lower-limb compression garments during repeated-sprint exercise (RSE) with short rest periods, where performance will rely heavily on aerobic metabolism, is lacking. Methods: A total of 20 recreationally active participants completed 2 cycling RSE sessions, with and without lower-limb compression tights. The RSE session consisted of 4 sets of 10 × 6-s maximal sprints on a wind-braked cycle ergometer, interspaced by 24 s of recovery between bouts and 2 min of recovery between sets. Muscle oxygen consumption (mV˙O2) of, and blood flow (mBF) to, the right vastus lateralis muscle was measured during exercise using near-infrared spectroscopy and venous/arterial occlusions of the right lower limb. Cycling performance, oxygen consumption (V˙O2), heart rate, and capillary blood samples (lactate, pH, bicarbonate, and base excess) were also measured/taken throughout the session. Results: Compared with control, peak power (40.7 [19.9] W; mean ± 95% confidence intervals) and mBF (0.101 [0.061] mL·min−1·100 g−1) were higher, and heart rate (2  [1] beats/min) was lower, when participants wore compression (P < .05). mV˙O2, V˙O2, blood lactate, and heart rate increased as a result of exercise (P < .05), with no differences between conditions. Similarly, blood pH, bicarbonate, and base excess decreased as a result of exercise (P < .05), with no difference between conditions. Conclusions: Wearing lower-limb compression tights during RSE with short intervals of rest improved cycling performance, vastus lateralis mBF, and heart rate. These results provide novel data to support the notion that lower-limb compression garments aid RSE performance, which may be related to local and/or central blood flow.

Keywordsrepeated-sprint ability; arterial perfusion; venous return; NIRS
Year2018
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Journal citation13 (7), pp. 882 - 890
PublisherHuman Kinetics, Inc.
ISSN1555-0265
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2017-0638
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85051642257
Page range882 - 890
Research GroupSports Performance, Recovery, Injury and New Technologies (SPRINT) Research Centre
Place of publicationUnited States of America
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