A complex relationship : Sleep, external training load, and well-being in elite Australian footballers

Journal article


Lalor, Benita J., Halson, Shona L., Tran, Jacqueline, Kemp, Justin G. and Cormack, Stuart J.. (2020). A complex relationship : Sleep, external training load, and well-being in elite Australian footballers. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 15(6), pp. 777-787. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2019-0061
AuthorsLalor, Benita J., Halson, Shona L., Tran, Jacqueline, Kemp, Justin G. and Cormack, Stuart J.
Abstract

Purpose: To assess relationships between objective sleep characteristics, external training loads, and subjective ratings of well-being in elite Australian football (AF) players. Methods: A total of 38 elite male AF players recorded objective sleep characteristics over a 15-day period using an activity monitor. External load was assessed during main field sessions, and ratings of well-being were provided each morning. Canonical correlation analysis was used to create canonical dimensions for each variable set (sleep, well-being, and external load). Relationships between dimensions representing sleep, external load, and well-being were quantified using Pearson r. Results: Canonical correlations were moderate between pretraining sleep and external training load (r = .32–.49), pretraining sleep and well-being (r = .32), and well-being and posttraining sleep (r = .36). Moderate to strong correlations were observed between dimensions representing external training load and posttraining sleep (r = .31–.67), and well-being and external training load (r = .32–.67). Player load and Player load 2D (PL2D) showed the greatest association to pretraining and posttraining objective sleep characteristics and well-being. Fragmented sleep was associated with players completing the following training with a higher PL2D. Conclusions: Maximum speed, player load, and PL2D were the common associations between objective sleep characteristics and well-being in AF players. Improving pretraining sleep quality and quantity may have a positive impact on AF players’ well-being and movement strategy during field sessions. Following training sessions that have high maximum speed and PL2D, the increased requirement for sleep should be considered by ensuring that subsequent sessions do not start earlier than required.

Keywordsactigraphy; team sport; fatigue; player load
Year2020
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Journal citation15 (6), pp. 777-787
PublisherHuman Kinetics, Inc.
ISSN1555-0273
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2019-0061
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85090051815
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range777-787
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All rights reserved
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Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online04 Feb 2020
Publication process dates
Deposited27 Jul 2021
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Drew, Michael, Vlahovich, Nicole, Hughes, David, Appaneal, Renee, Burke, Louise, Lundy, Bronwen, Rogers, Margot, Toomey, Mary, Watts, David, Lovell, Gregory, Praet, Stephan F. E., Halson, Shona, Colbey, Candice, Manzanero, Silvia, Welvaert, Marijke, West, NIcholas P., Pyne, David and Waddington, Gordon. (2017). Prevalence of illness, poor mental health and sleep quality and low energy availability prior to the 2016 Summer Olympic Games. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 52(1), pp. 1 - 8. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2017-098208
Comparison of ergometer- and track-based testing in junior track-sprint cyclists. Implications for talent identification and development
Tofari, Paul, Cormack, Stuart, Ebert, Tammie R., Gardner, A. S. and Kemp, Justin. (2017). Comparison of ergometer- and track-based testing in junior track-sprint cyclists. Implications for talent identification and development. Journal of Sports Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2016.1243795
Non-motorized treadmill running is associated with higher cardiometabolic demands compared with overground and motorized treadmill running
Edwards, Robert B., Tofari, Paul J., Cormack, Stuart J. and Whyte, Douglas G.. (2017). Non-motorized treadmill running is associated with higher cardiometabolic demands compared with overground and motorized treadmill running. Frontiers in Physiology. 8(914), pp. 1 - 11. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2017.00914
Normobaric hypoxia increases the growth hormone response to maximal resistance exercise in trained men
Filopoulos, Dean, Cormack, Stuart J. and Whyte, Douglas G.. (2017). Normobaric hypoxia increases the growth hormone response to maximal resistance exercise in trained men. European Journal of Sport Science. 17(7), pp. 821 - 829. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2017.1317834
Protein ingestion before sleep increases overnight muscle protein synthesis rates in healthy older men: A randomized controlled trial
Kouw, Imre W.K., Holwerda, Andrew M., Trommelen, Jorn, Kramer, Irene Fleur, Bastiaanse, Jacqueline, Halson, Shona, Wodzig, Will K.W.H., Verdijk, Lex B. and Van Loon, Luc. (2017). Protein ingestion before sleep increases overnight muscle protein synthesis rates in healthy older men: A randomized controlled trial. The Journal of Nutrition. 147(12), pp. 2252 - 2261. https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.117.254532
Software thresholds alter the bias of actigraphy for monitoring sleep in team-sport athletes
Fuller, Kate L., Juliff, Laura E., Gore, Christopher J., Peiffer, Jeremiah John and Halson, Shona. (2017). Software thresholds alter the bias of actigraphy for monitoring sleep in team-sport athletes. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 20(8), pp. 756 - 760. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2016.11.021
Influence of recovery strategies upon performance and perceptions following fatiguing exercise: A randomized controlled trial
Crowther, Fiona, Sealey, Rebecca, Crowe, Melissa, Edwards, Andrew and Halson, Shona. (2017). Influence of recovery strategies upon performance and perceptions following fatiguing exercise: A randomized controlled trial. BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation. 9(1), pp. 1 - 9. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13102-017-0087-8
The chronotype of elite athletes
Lastella, Michelle, Roach, G. D., Halson, Shona and Sargent, C.. (2016). The chronotype of elite athletes. Journal of Human Kinetics. 54(1), pp. 219 - 225. https://doi.org/10.1515/hukin-2016-0049
Superior inhibitory control and resistance to mental fatigue in professional road cyclists
Martin, Kristy, Staiano, Walter, Menaspà, Paolo, Hennessey, Tom, Marcora, Samuele, Keegan, Richard J., Thompson, Kevin G., Martin, David, Halson, Shona and Rattray, Ben. (2016). Superior inhibitory control and resistance to mental fatigue in professional road cyclists. PLoS ONE. 11(7), pp. 1 - 15. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0159907
Reliability of measures of quadriceps muscle function using magnetic stimulation
Tofari, Paul J., Opar, David, Kemp, Justin Guy, Billaut, Francois and Cormack, Stuart John. (2016). Reliability of measures of quadriceps muscle function using magnetic stimulation. Muscle & Nerve. https://doi.org/10.1002/mus.24926
Effects of consecutive days of match play on technical performance in tennis
Gescheit, Danielle, Duffield, Rob, Skein, Melissa, Brydon, Neil, Cormack, Stuart John and Reid, Machar. (2016). Effects of consecutive days of match play on technical performance in tennis. Journal of Sports Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2016.1244352
Importance of standardized DXA protocol for assessing physique changes in athletes
Nana, Alisa, Slater, Gary J., Hopkins, Will, Halson, Shona, Martin, D. T., West, N. P. and Burke, Louise Mary. (2016). Importance of standardized DXA protocol for assessing physique changes in athletes. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 26(3), pp. 259 - 267. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2013-0111
Early changes in achilles tendon behaviour in vivo following downhill backwards walking
Joseph, Corey William, Bradshaw, Elizabeth Jane, Furness, Trentham Phillip, Kemp, Justin Guy and Clark, Ross Allan. (2016). Early changes in achilles tendon behaviour in vivo following downhill backwards walking. Journal of Sports Sciences. 34(13), pp. 1215 - 1221. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2015.1102955
The impact of a simulated grand tour on sleep, mood, and well-being of competitive cyclists
Michelle Lastella, Gregory D Roach, Shona Halson, David Martin, Nicholas P West and Charli Sargent. (2015). The impact of a simulated grand tour on sleep, mood, and well-being of competitive cyclists. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. 55(12), pp. 1555-1564.
Consecutive days of prolonged tennis match play : Performance, physical, and perceptual responses in trained players
Gescheit, Danielle, Cormack, Stuart, Reid, Machar and Duffield, Rob. (2015). Consecutive days of prolonged tennis match play : Performance, physical, and perceptual responses in trained players. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 10, pp. 913 - 920. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2014-0329
Understanding sleep disturbance in athletes prior to important competitions
Juliff, Laura E., Halson, Shona and Peiffer, Jeremiah John. (2015). Understanding sleep disturbance in athletes prior to important competitions. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 18(1), pp. 13 - 18. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2014.02.007
Activity Profile of High-Level Australian Lacrosse Players
Polley, Christopher S., Cormack, Stuart J., Gabbett, Tim J. and Polglaze, Ted. (2015). Activity Profile of High-Level Australian Lacrosse Players. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 29(1), pp. 126 - 136. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000599
Young women with abdominal obesity have subclinical myocardial dysfunction
Share, Bianca, La Gerche, Andre, Naughton, Geraldine, Obert, Philippe and Kemp, Justin. (2015). Young women with abdominal obesity have subclinical myocardial dysfunction. Canadian Journal of Cardiology. 31, pp. 1195 - 1201. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cjca.2015.02.004
Sleep/wake behaviour of endurance cyclists before and during competition
Lastella, Michelle, Roach, Gregory D., Halson, Shona, Martin, David T., West, Nicholas P. and Sargent, Charli. (2015). Sleep/wake behaviour of endurance cyclists before and during competition. Journal of Sports Sciences. 33(3), pp. 293 - 299. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2014.942690
Confounding compression: The effects of posture, sizing and garment type on measured interface pressure in sports compression clothing
Brophy-Williams, Ned, Driller, Matthew W., Shing, C., Fell, James W. and Halson, Shona. (2015). Confounding compression: The effects of posture, sizing and garment type on measured interface pressure in sports compression clothing. Journal of Sports Sciences. 33(13), pp. 1403 - 1410. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2014.990489
Sleep hygiene and recovery strategies in elite soccer players
Nédélec, Mathieu, Halson, Shona, Delecroix, Barthélémy, Abaidia, Abd-Elbasset, Ahmaidi, S. and Dupont, Gregory. (2015). Sleep hygiene and recovery strategies in elite soccer players. Sports Medicine. 45(11), pp. 1547 - 1559. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-015-0377-9
Changes in running performance after four weeks of interval training in Australian Footballers : A single-blind placebo-controlled study
McLean, Blake, Tofari, Paul, Gore, Christopher and Kemp, Justin. (2015). Changes in running performance after four weeks of interval training in Australian Footballers : A single-blind placebo-controlled study. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 29(11), pp. 3206 - 3215. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000984
Stress, sleep and recovery in elite soccer: A critical review of the literature
Nédélec, Mathieu, Halson, Shona, Abaidia, Abd-Elbasset, Ahmaidi, S. and Dupont, Gregory. (2015). Stress, sleep and recovery in elite soccer: A critical review of the literature. Sports Medicine. 45(10), pp. 1387 - 1400. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-015-0358-z
Sleep/wake behaviours of elite athletes from individual and team sports
Lastella, Michelle, Roach, Gregory D., Halson, Shona and Sargent, Charli. (2015). Sleep/wake behaviours of elite athletes from individual and team sports. European Journal of Sport Science. 15(2), pp. 94 - 100. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2014.932016
Characteristics impacting on session rating of perceived exertion training load in Australian footballers
Gallo, Tania, Cormack, Stuart, Gabbett, Tim, Williams, Morgan and Lorenzen, Christian. (2015). Characteristics impacting on session rating of perceived exertion training load in Australian footballers. Journal of Sports Sciences. 33(5), pp. 467 - 475. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2014.947311
Lower limb kinematics and physiological responses to prolonged load carriage in untrained individuals
Mullins, Alexandra K., Annett, Liam E., Drain, Jace R., Kemp, Justin G., Clark, Ross A. and Whyte, Douglas G.. (2015). Lower limb kinematics and physiological responses to prolonged load carriage in untrained individuals. Ergonomics. 58(5), pp. 770 - 780. https://doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2014.984775
Effects of a multi-disciplinary lifestyle intervention on cardiometabolic risk factors in young women with abdominal obesity: A randomised controlled trial
Share, Bianca, Naughton, Geraldine, Obert, Phillippe, Peat, Jennifer, Aumand, Elizabeth and Kemp, Justin. (2015). Effects of a multi-disciplinary lifestyle intervention on cardiometabolic risk factors in young women with abdominal obesity: A randomised controlled trial. PLoS One (online). 10(6), pp. 1 - 15. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130270
Influence of contrast shower and water immersion on recovery in elite netballers
Juliff, Laura E., Halson, Shona, Bonetti, Darrell L., Versey, Nathan, Driller, Matthew W. and Peiffer, Jeremiah John. (2014). Influence of contrast shower and water immersion on recovery in elite netballers. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 28(8), pp. 2353 - 2358. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000417
Monitoring training load to understand fatigue in athletes
Halson, Shona. (2014). Monitoring training load to understand fatigue in athletes. Sports Medicine. 44(Suppl 2), pp. 139 - 147. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-014-0253-z
Does hydrotherapy help or hinder adaptation to training in competitive cyclists?
Halson, Shona, Bartram, Jason C., West, Nicholas P., Stephens, Jessica M., Argus, Christos K., Driller, Matthew W., Sargent, Charli, Lastella, Michelle, Hopkins, Will G. and Martin, David T.. (2014). Does hydrotherapy help or hinder adaptation to training in competitive cyclists? Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 46(8), pp. 1631 - 1639. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000000268
Application of 'live low-train high' for enhancing normoxic exercise performance in team sport athletes
McLean, Blake, Gore, Christopher and Kemp, Justin. (2014). Application of 'live low-train high' for enhancing normoxic exercise performance in team sport athletes. Sports Medicine: reviews of applied medicine and science in sport and exercise. 44(9), pp. 1275 - 1287. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-014-0204-8
Sleep or swim? Early-morning training severely restricts the amount of sleep obtained by elite swimmers
Sargent, Charli, Halson, Shona and Roach, Gregory D.. (2014). Sleep or swim? Early-morning training severely restricts the amount of sleep obtained by elite swimmers. European Journal of Sport Science. 14(Supplement 1), pp. 310 - 315. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2012.696711
Sleep in elite athletes and nutritional interventions to enhance sleep
Halson, Shona. (2014). Sleep in elite athletes and nutritional interventions to enhance sleep. Sports Medicine. 44(Supplement 1), pp. 13 - 23. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-014-0147-0
Musculoskeletal stiffness during hopping and running does not change following downhill backwards walking
Joseph, Corey, Bradshaw, Elizabeth, Kemp, Justin and Clark, Ross. (2014). Musculoskeletal stiffness during hopping and running does not change following downhill backwards walking. Sports Biomechanics. 13(3), pp. 241 - 258. https://doi.org/10.1080/14763141.2014.914240
Application of live low-train high for enhancing normoxic exercise performance in team sport athletes
McLean, Blake D., Gore, Christopher J. and Kemp, Justin. (2014). Application of live low-train high for enhancing normoxic exercise performance in team sport athletes. Sports Medicine. 44(9), pp. 1275 - 1287. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-014-0204-8
Sleep quantity and quality in elite youth soccer players: A pilot study
Robey, Elisa, Dawson, Brian, Halson, Shona, Gregson, Warren, Goodman, Carmel and Eastwood, Peter R.. (2014). Sleep quantity and quality in elite youth soccer players: A pilot study. European Journal of Sport Science. 14(5), pp. 410 - 417. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2013.843024
Cardiometabolic and behavioural risk factors in young overweight women identified with simple anthropometric measures
Share, Bianca L., Naughton, Geraldine A., Obert, Phillippe, Peat, Jennifer K. and Kemp, Justin G.. (2014). Cardiometabolic and behavioural risk factors in young overweight women identified with simple anthropometric measures. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 17(6), pp. 656 - 661. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2013.09.011
Evaluating the Kikuhime pressure monitor for use with sports compression clothing
Brophy-Williams, Ned, Driller, Matthew, Halson, Shona, Fell, James W. and Shing, C.. (2014). Evaluating the Kikuhime pressure monitor for use with sports compression clothing. Sports Engineering. 17(1), pp. 55 - 60. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12283-013-0125-z
Accelerometer Load as a Measure of Activity Profile in Different Standards of Netball Match Play
Cormack, Stuart, Smith, Renee, Mooney, Mitchell, Young, Warren and O'Brien, Brendan. (2014). Accelerometer Load as a Measure of Activity Profile in Different Standards of Netball Match Play. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 9(2), pp. 283 - 291. https://doi.org/10.1123/IJSPP.2012-0216
Nitrate supplementation and high-intensity performance in competitive cyclists
Hoon, Matthew, Hopkins, William, Jones, Andrew, Martin, David, Halson, Shona, West, Nicholas, Johnson, Nathan and Burke, Louise. (2014). Nitrate supplementation and high-intensity performance in competitive cyclists. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism. 39(9), pp. 1043 - 1049. https://doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2013-0574
Reliability of a 2-bout exercise test on a wattbike cycle ergometer
Driller, Matthew W., Argus, Christos K., Bartram, Jason C., Bonaventura, Jacinta, Martin, David T., West, Nicholas P. and Halson, Shona. (2014). Reliability of a 2-bout exercise test on a wattbike cycle ergometer. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 9(2), pp. 340 - 345. https://doi.org/10.1123/IJSPP.2013-0103
The interday reliability of ankle, knee, leg, and vertical musculoskeletal stiffness during hopping and overground running
Joseph, Corey, Bradshaw, Elizabeth, Kemp, Justin and Clark, Ross. (2013). The interday reliability of ankle, knee, leg, and vertical musculoskeletal stiffness during hopping and overground running. Journal of Applied Biomechanics. https://doi.org/10.1123/jab.29.4.386
Relationship between tests of physical qualities and physical match performance in elite rugby league players
Gabbett, Timothy, Stein, Joshua, Kemp, Justin and Lorenzen, Christian. (2013). Relationship between tests of physical qualities and physical match performance in elite rugby league players. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e318274f236
Strength and power profiling of athletes : Selecting tests and how to use the information for program design
McGuigan, Michael, Cormack, Stuart and Gill, Nicholas. (2013). Strength and power profiling of athletes : Selecting tests and how to use the information for program design. Strength and Conditioning Journal. https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0000000000000011
Physiological and performance responses to a preseason altitude-training camp in elite team-sport athletes
McLean, Blake, Buttifant, David, Gore, Christopher, White, Kevin, Liess, Carsten and Kemp, Justin. (2013). Physiological and performance responses to a preseason altitude-training camp in elite team-sport athletes. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.8.4.391
Endurance and sprint benefits of high-intensity and supramaximal interval training
Cicioni-Kolsky, Daniel James, Lorenzen, Christian, Williams, Morgan and Kemp, Justin. (2013). Endurance and sprint benefits of high-intensity and supramaximal interval training. European Journal of Sport Science. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2011.606844
The effect of exercise-induced muscle damage on shock dissipation during treadmill running
Blackah, Nicholas, Bradshaw, Elizabeth, Kemp, Justin and Shoushtarian, Mehrnaz. (2013). The effect of exercise-induced muscle damage on shock dissipation during treadmill running. Asian Journal of Exercise & Sports Science. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11274-015-1903-5
Impact of neuromuscular fatigue on match exercise intensity and performance in elite Australian football
Mooney, Mitchell, Cormack, Stuart, O'Brien, Brendan, Morgan, William and McGuigan, Michael. (2013). Impact of neuromuscular fatigue on match exercise intensity and performance in elite Australian football. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3182514683
Examining the influence of accute instructional approaches on the decision-making performance of experienced team field sport players
Buszard, Timothy, Kemp, Justin and Farrow, Damian. (2013). Examining the influence of accute instructional approaches on the decision-making performance of experienced team field sport players. Journal of Sports Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2012.731516
Year-to-year variability in haemoglobin mass response to two altitude training camps
McLean, Blake, Buttifant, David, Gore, Christopher, White, Kevin and Kemp, Justin. (2013). Year-to-year variability in haemoglobin mass response to two altitude training camps. British Journal of Sports Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2013-092744
Influence of neuromuscular fatigue on accelerometer load in elite Australian football players
Cormack, Stuart, Mooney, Mitchell, Morgan, Will and McGuigan, Michael. (2013). Influence of neuromuscular fatigue on accelerometer load in elite Australian football players. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.8.4.373
Do physical capacity and interchange rest periods influence match exercise-intensity profile in Australian football?
Mooney, Mitchell, Cormack, Stuart, O'Brien, Brendan and Coutts, Aaron. (2013). Do physical capacity and interchange rest periods influence match exercise-intensity profile in Australian football? International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.8.2.165
International field hockey players perform more high-speed running than national-level conterparts
Jennings, Denise, Cormack, Stuart, Coutts, Aaron and Aughey, Robert. (2012). International field hockey players perform more high-speed running than national-level conterparts. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 26(4), pp. 947 - 952. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e31822e5913
Classifying training drills based on movement demands in Australian Football
Loader, Jordan, Montgomery, Paul, Williams, Morgan, Lorenzen, Christian and Kemp, Justin. (2012). Classifying training drills based on movement demands in Australian Football. International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching. 7(1), pp. 57 - 67. https://doi.org/10.1260/1747-9541.7.1.57
Caffeine improves strength gains in response to 6 weeks of resistance training
Kemp, Justin, Eaton, Tom, Jarvis, Stephen, Meehan, Daniel and Whyte, Douglas G.. (2012). Caffeine improves strength gains in response to 6 weeks of resistance training Australia: Australian Strength and Conditioning Association.
GPS Analysis of an International Field Hockey Tournament
Jennings, Denise, Cormack, Stuart, Coutts, Aaron and Aughey, Robert. (2012). GPS Analysis of an International Field Hockey Tournament. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 7(3), pp. 224 - 231. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.7.3.224
Influence of sodium bicarbonate on performance and hydration in lightweight rowing
Kupcis, Peter, Slater, Gary, Pruscino, Cathryn and Kemp, Justin. (2012). Influence of sodium bicarbonate on performance and hydration in lightweight rowing. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 7(1), pp. 11 - 18. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.7.1.11
Total plasma fatty acid responses to maximal incremental exercise after caffeine ingestion
Olicina, Guillermo, Munoz, Diego, Kemp, Justin, Timon, Rafael, Maynar, Juan, Caballero, Maria and Maynar, Marcos. (2012). Total plasma fatty acid responses to maximal incremental exercise after caffeine ingestion. Journal of Exercise Science and Fitness. 10(1), pp. 33 - 37. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesf.2012.04.008
Is "train as you play" the way to go?
Gabbett, Tim and Cormack, Stuart. (2012). Is "train as you play" the way to go? 5th Exercise and Sports Science Australia Conference. pp. 41 - 42
The relationship between physical capacity and match performance in elite Australian football :A mediation approach
Mooney, Mitchell, O'Brien, Brendan, Cormack, Stuart, Coutts, Aaron, Berry, Jason and Young, Warren. (2011). The relationship between physical capacity and match performance in elite Australian football :A mediation approach. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 14(5), pp. 447 - 452. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2011.03.010
Which jump variables should be used to assess explosive leg muscle function?
Young, Warren, Cormack, Stuart and Crichton, Michael. (2011). Which jump variables should be used to assess explosive leg muscle function? International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 6(1), pp. 51 - 57. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.6.1.51
A self-paced intermittent protocol on a non-motorised treadmill: A reliable alternative to assessing team-sport running performance
Tofari, Paul J., McLean, Blake D., Kemp, Justin and Cormack, Stuart. (2011). A self-paced intermittent protocol on a non-motorised treadmill: A reliable alternative to assessing team-sport running performance. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 14(1), pp. 62 - 68.
Daily training with high carbohydrate availability increases exogenous carbohydrate oxidation during endurance cycling
Cox, Geoffrey, Clark, Sally, Cox, A, Halson, Shona, Hargreaves, M, Hawley, John, Jeacocke, N, Snow, Rod, Yeo, W and Burke, Louise. (2010). Daily training with high carbohydrate availability increases exogenous carbohydrate oxidation during endurance cycling. Journal of Applied Physiology. 109(1), pp. 126 - 134. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00950.2009
The Validity and Reliability of GPS Units for Measuring Distance in Team Sport Specific Running Patterns
Jennings, Denise, Cormack, Stuart, Coutts, Aaron, Boyd, Luke and Aughey, Robert. (2010). The Validity and Reliability of GPS Units for Measuring Distance in Team Sport Specific Running Patterns. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 5(3), pp. 328 - 341. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.5.3.328
Cytokine responses to carbohydrate ingestion during recovery from exercise-induced muscle injury
Ross, M, Halson, Shona, Suzuki, K, Garnham, A, Hawley, John, Cameron-Smith, David and Peake, J. (2010). Cytokine responses to carbohydrate ingestion during recovery from exercise-induced muscle injury. Journal of Interferon and Cytokine Research. 30(5), pp. 329 - 337. https://doi.org/10.1089/jir.2009.0079
Variability of GPS units for measuring distance in team sport movements
Jennings, Denise, Cormack, Stuart, Coutts, Aaron, Boyd, Luke and Aughey, Robert. (2010). Variability of GPS units for measuring distance in team sport movements. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 5(4), pp. 565 - 569. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.5.4.565
Neuromuscular, endocrine, and perceptual fatigue responses during different length between-match microcycles in professional rugby league players
McLean, Blake, Coutts, Aaron, Kelly, Vincent, McGuigan, Michael and Cormack, Stuart. (2010). Neuromuscular, endocrine, and perceptual fatigue responses during different length between-match microcycles in professional rugby league players. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 5(3), pp. 367 - 383. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.5.3.367
Movement pattern comparisons in elite (AFL) and sub-elite (WAFL) Australian football games using GPS
Brewer, Cameron, Dawson, Brian, Heasman, Jarryd, Stewart, Glenn and Cormack, Stuart. (2010). Movement pattern comparisons in elite (AFL) and sub-elite (WAFL) Australian football games using GPS. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 13(6), pp. 618 - 623. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2010.01.005
Caffeine and performance in clay target shooting
Share, Bianca Louise, Sanders, Nick and Kemp, Justin. (2009). Caffeine and performance in clay target shooting. Journal of Sports Sciences. 27(6), pp. 661 - 666. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410902741068
Long-term power performance of elite Australian rules football players
McGuigan, Michael, Cormack, Stuart and Newton, Robert U.. (2009). Long-term power performance of elite Australian rules football players. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 23(1), pp. 26 - 32. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e31818753ca
Morphological and biochemical alterations of skeletal muscles from the genetically obese (ob/ob) mouse
Kemp, Justin G., Blazev, R., Stephenson, Demitri G. and Stephenson, Gabriela M.M.. (2009). Morphological and biochemical alterations of skeletal muscles from the genetically obese (ob/ob) mouse. International Journal of Obesity. 33(8), pp. 831 - 841. https://doi.org/10.1038/ijo.2009.100
Neuromuscular and endocrine responses of elite players to an Australian rules football match
Cormack, Stuart, Newton, Robert U. and McGuigan, Michael. (2008). Neuromuscular and endocrine responses of elite players to an Australian rules football match. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 3(3), pp. 359 - 374. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.3.3.359
Reliability of measures obtained during single and repeated countermovement jumps
Cormack, Stuart, Newton, Robert U., McGuigan, Michael and Doyle, Tim. (2008). Reliability of measures obtained during single and repeated countermovement jumps. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 3(2), pp. 131 - 144. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.3.2.131
E-C coupling and contractile characteristics of mechanically skinned single fibres from young rats during rapid growth and maturation
Goodman, C. A., Blazev, R., Kemp, Justin and Stephenson, G. M. M.. (2008). E-C coupling and contractile characteristics of mechanically skinned single fibres from young rats during rapid growth and maturation. Pflügers Archiv - European Journal of Physiology. 456(6), pp. 1217 - 1228. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00424-008-0474-9
Neuromuscular and endocrine responses of elite players during an Australian rules football season
Cormack, Stuart John, Newton, Robert U., McGuigan, Michael R. and Cormie, Prue. (2008). Neuromuscular and endocrine responses of elite players during an Australian rules football season. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 3(4), pp. 439 - 453. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.3.4.439
Assessing the force-velocity characteristics of the leg extensors in well-trained athletes: The incremental load power profile
Sheppard, Jeremy, Cormack, Stuart, Taylor, Kristie-Lee, McGuigan, Michael and Newton, Robert U.. (2008). Assessing the force-velocity characteristics of the leg extensors in well-trained athletes: The incremental load power profile. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 22(4), pp. 1320 - 1326. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e31816d671b
The use of sprint tests for assessment of speed qualities of elite Australian rules footballers
Young, Warren, Russell, Andrew, Burge, Peter, Clarke, Alex, Cormack, Stuart and Stewart, Glenn. (2008). The use of sprint tests for assessment of speed qualities of elite Australian rules footballers. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 3(2), pp. 199 - 206. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.3.2.199
Why Dick Fosbury flopped and answers to other big sporting questions
Farrow, Damian and Kemp, Justin Guy. (2006). Why Dick Fosbury flopped and answers to other big sporting questions Allen & Unwin.
It's true! Sport stinks
Kemp, Justin Guy and Farrow, Damian. (2006). It's true! Sport stinks Allen & Unwin.
Effects of physical conditioning on children and adolescents with asthma
Welsh, Liam, Kemp, Justin and Roberts, Richard G. D.. (2005). Effects of physical conditioning on children and adolescents with asthma. Sports Medicine. 35(2), pp. 127 - 141. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-200535020-00003
Fitness and physical activity in children with asthma
Welsh, Liam, Roberts, Richard and Kemp, Justin. (2004). Fitness and physical activity in children with asthma. Sports Medicine. 34(13), pp. 861 - 870. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-200434130-00001
Run like you stole something
Farrow, Damian and Kemp, Justin Guy. (2003). Run like you stole something Allen & Unwin.