Effective delivery methods and teaching strategies for child sexual abuse prevention : A rapid evidence check

Report


Trew, Sebastian, Russell, Douglas, Higgins, Daryl and Walsh, Kerryann. (2021). Effective delivery methods and teaching strategies for child sexual abuse prevention : A rapid evidence check Canberra, ACT: Institute of Child Protection Studies, Australian Catholic University. https://doi.org/10.26199/rdbq-xm46
AuthorsTrew, Sebastian, Russell, Douglas, Higgins, Daryl and Walsh, Kerryann
Abstract

[Executive summary] Most existing literature reviews of child sexual abuse (CSA) prevention education or child-focused behavioural self-protection programs investigate in-person school-based programs. School-based prevention programs that include children as participants are the most typically used method of CSA prevention education (Martin & Silverstone, 2016). Multiple reviews (Walsh et al., 2015; Wurtele, 2009; Zwi et al., 2007) have shown that child-focused school-based programs can be an effective approach to increase children’s knowledge, engagement in self-protective behaviours, and reporting behaviours (cited in Martin & Silverstone, 2016: (Davis & Gidycz, 2000; Fryda & Hulme, 2015; MacMillan et al., 2009; Walsh et al., 2015; Zwi et al., 2007). School-based programs are a means for prevention educators to reach children directly from a range of socioeconomic, ethnic and cultural backgrounds (Wurtele, 2009).

However, there is limited data to suggest that online delivery of programs that are directed towards or include children as participants are used in CSA prevention education strategies, and limited evidence to show whether or not they can be an effective approach to increase children’s knowledge, self-protective behaviours and reporting behaviours. This appears to be due to the limited number of online prevention programs available for evaluation and review. In addition, we found no literature on what content and teaching method changes should be made when adapting an in-person CSA prevention education program for delivery online.

This rapid evidence check presents the current state of CSA prevention programs, reviewing their utility and effectiveness for CSA prevention education for children. It includes recommendations about the design and delivery of programs for pre-schoolers and children in the early primary school years (aged 2-8 years) that need to be considered when adapting and delivering prevention education online.

Keywordschild sexual abuse; prevention education; pre-school; early primary school
Year2021
PublisherInstitute of Child Protection Studies, Australian Catholic University
Place of publicationCanberra, ACT
Page range1-45
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.26199/rdbq-xm46
Open accessOpen access
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
OnlineMar 2021
Publication process dates
Deposited03 May 2022
ISBN9781922097965
Permalink -

https://acuresearchbank.acu.edu.au/item/8xw07/effective-delivery-methods-and-teaching-strategies-for-child-sexual-abuse-prevention-a-rapid-evidence-check

Download files


Publisher's version
  • 6
    total views
  • 2
    total downloads
  • 6
    views this month
  • 2
    downloads this month
These values are for the period from 19th October 2020, when this repository was created.

Export as

Related outputs

The ethics of child maltreatment surveys in relation to participant distress : Implications of social science evidence, ethical guidelines, and law
Matthews, Ben, Macmillan, Harriet L., Meinck, Franziska, Finkelhor, David, Haslam, Divna, Tonmyr, Lil, Gonzalez, Andrea, Afifi, Tracie O., Scott, James G., Pacella, Rosana E., Higgins, Daryl J., Thomas, Hannah, Collin-Vézina, Delphine and Walsh, Kerryann. (2022). The ethics of child maltreatment surveys in relation to participant distress : Implications of social science evidence, ethical guidelines, and law. Child Abuse and Neglect. 123, p. Article 105424. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2021.105424
Vulnerable yet forgotten? A systematic review identifying the lack of evidence for effective suicide interventions for young people in contact with child protection systems
Russell, Douglas, Trew, Sebastian and Higgins, Daryl John. (2021). Vulnerable yet forgotten? A systematic review identifying the lack of evidence for effective suicide interventions for young people in contact with child protection systems. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry. 91(5), pp. 647-659. https://doi.org/10.1037/ort0000555
The Australian Child Maltreatment Study (ACMS) : Protocol for a national survey of the prevalence of child abuse and neglect, associated mental disorders and physical health problems, and burden of disease
Mathews, Ben, Pacella, Rosana, Dunne, Michael, Scott, James, Finkelhor, David, Meinck, Franziska, Higgins, Daryl J., Erskine, Holly, Thomas, Hannah J., Haslam, Divna, Tran, Nam, Le, Ha, Honey, Nikki, Kellard, Karen and Lawrence, David. (2021). The Australian Child Maltreatment Study (ACMS) : Protocol for a national survey of the prevalence of child abuse and neglect, associated mental disorders and physical health problems, and burden of disease. BMJ Open. 11(5), p. Article e047074. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-047074
Reconstructing the workforce within public health protective systems : Improving resilience, retention, service responsiveness and outcomes
Lonne, Bob, Higgins, Daryl, Herrenkohl, Todd I. and Scott, Debbie. (2020). Reconstructing the workforce within public health protective systems : Improving resilience, retention, service responsiveness and outcomes. Child Abuse and Neglect. 110, p. Article 104191. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2019.104191
Safeguarding capabilities in preventing child sexual abuse : Exploratory factor analysis of a scale measuring safeguarding capabilities in youth-serving organizations workers
Russell, Douglas and Higgins, Daryl. (2020). Safeguarding capabilities in preventing child sexual abuse : Exploratory factor analysis of a scale measuring safeguarding capabilities in youth-serving organizations workers. Child Maltreatment. 25(2), pp. 233-242. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077559519870253
Gender diversity and safety climate perceptions in schools and other youth-serving organisations
Russell, Douglas H., Anderson, Joel R., Riggs, Damien W., Ullman, Jacqueline and Higgins, Daryl J.. (2020). Gender diversity and safety climate perceptions in schools and other youth-serving organisations. Children and Youth Services Review. 117, p. 105334. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2020.105334
Preventing child sexual abuse: A systematic review of interventions and their efficacy in developing countries
Russell, D., Higgins, D. and Posso, A.. (2020). Preventing child sexual abuse: A systematic review of interventions and their efficacy in developing countries. Child Abuse and Neglect. 102(April 2020), pp. 1 - 14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104395
Service system responses to children and young people in the statutory child protection system who have experienced or witnessed family violence
Cahill, Alex, Stewart, Jacqueline and Higgins, Daryl. (2020). Service system responses to children and young people in the statutory child protection system who have experienced or witnessed family violence Australia: Institute of Child Protection Studies, Australian Catholic University. https://doi.org/10.26199/5e2fc4dd37b96
My grade, my right : Linking academic entitlement to academic performance
Bertl, Bianca, Andrzejewski, Denise, Hyland, Lynda, Shrivastava, Anita, Russell, Douglas and Pietschnig, Jakob. (2019). My grade, my right : Linking academic entitlement to academic performance. Social Psychology of Education: an international journal. 22(4), pp. 775-793. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11218-019-09509-2
Safety survey data from Victorian youth-serving organisations: Survey data from workers, young people, and organisational leaders’ self-reflections after implementing the Victorian Child Safe Standards
Russell, Douglas, Higgins, Daryl J. and Stewart, Jacqui. (2019). Safety survey data from Victorian youth-serving organisations: Survey data from workers, young people, and organisational leaders’ self-reflections after implementing the Victorian Child Safe Standards Australia: Institute of Child Protection Studies, Australian Catholic University. https://doi.org/10.26199/5e27ad866a7c7
Motivational intermediaries of self-regulation among university students
Russell, Douglas and Warner, Racquel. (2017). Motivational intermediaries of self-regulation among university students. Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education. 9(3), pp. 448-464. https://doi.org/10.1108/JARHE-08-2015-0062
Protecting children from abuse in organisations needs leadership and cultural change
Higgins, Daryl J.. (2017). Protecting children from abuse in organisations needs leadership and cultural change The Conversation. https://doi.org/10.24268/fhs.8341
Adverse childhood experiences, non-response and loss to follow-up: Findings from a prospective birth cohort and recommendations for addressing missing data
Doidge, James C., Edwards, Ben, Higgins, Daryl and Segal, Leonie. (2017). Adverse childhood experiences, non-response and loss to follow-up: Findings from a prospective birth cohort and recommendations for addressing missing data. Longitudinal and Life Course Studies. 8(4), pp. 382 - 400. https://doi.org/10.14301/llcs.v8i4.414
Economic predictors of child maltreatment in an Australian population-based birth cohort
Doidge, James C., Higgins, Daryl J., Delfabbro, Paul, Edwards, Ben, Vassallo, Suzanne, Toumbourou, John W. and Segal, Leonie. (2017). Economic predictors of child maltreatment in an Australian population-based birth cohort. Children and Youth Services Review. 72, pp. 14 - 25. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2016.10.012
Risk factors for child maltreatment in an Australian population-based birth cohort
Doidge, James C., Higgins, Daryl J., Delfabbro, Paul and Segal, Leonie. (2017). Risk factors for child maltreatment in an Australian population-based birth cohort. Child Abuse and Neglect. 64, pp. 47 - 60. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2016.12.002
Public health models for preventing child maltreatment: Applications from the field of injury prevention
Scott, Debbie, Lonne, Bob and Higgins, Daryl. (2016). Public health models for preventing child maltreatment: Applications from the field of injury prevention. Trauma, Violence, and Abuse. 17(4), pp. 408 - 419. https://doi.org/10.1177/1524838016658877
How can child welfare and youth-serving organisations keep children safe?
Higgins, Daryl J., Kaufman, Keith and Erooga, Marcus. (2016). How can child welfare and youth-serving organisations keep children safe? Developing Practice.
Conceptualising the prevention of child sexual abuse
Quadara, Antonia, Nagy, Vicky, Higgins, Daryl and Siegel, Natalie. (2015). Conceptualising the prevention of child sexual abuse Australia: Australian Institute of Family Studies.
A public health approach to enhancing safe and supportive family environments for children
Higgins, Daryl J.. (2015). A public health approach to enhancing safe and supportive family environments for children. Family Matters. 96, pp. 39 - 52.
The Stronger Families in Australia (SFIA) study: Phase 2
Edwards, Ben, Mullan, Killian, Katz, Lian and Higgins, Daryl. (2014). The Stronger Families in Australia (SFIA) study: Phase 2 Australia: Australian Institute of Family Studies.
Complex family issues: Collective awareness, common narratives and coordinated approaches to promoting resilience
Hayes, Alan and Higgins, Daryl. (2014). Complex family issues: Collective awareness, common narratives and coordinated approaches to promoting resilience. In In A. Hayes and D. Higgins (Ed.). Families, policy and the law: Selected essays on contemporary issues for Australia pp. 299 - 303 Australian Government, Australian Institute of Family Studies.
Weaving a common narrative: An introduction to essays on families, policy and the law in Australia
Hayes, Alan and Higgins, Daryl. (2014). Weaving a common narrative: An introduction to essays on families, policy and the law in Australia. In Families, policy and the law: Selected essays on contemporary issues for Australia pp. 1 - 4 Australian Institute of Family Studies.
Past adoption practices: Implications for current interventions
Higgins, Daryl. (2014). Past adoption practices: Implications for current interventions. 36(4), pp. 8 - 11.
Contemporary issues in child protection intake, referral and family support
Bromfield, Leah, Arney, Fiona and Higgins, Daryl. (2014). Contemporary issues in child protection intake, referral and family support. In In A. Hayes and D. Higgins (Ed.). Families, policy and the law: Selected essays on contemporary issues for Australia pp. 121 - 129 Australian Institute of Family Studies.
Reform, (r)evolution and lingering Effects: Family policies in Australia
Higgins, Daryl J.. (2014). Reform, (r)evolution and lingering Effects: Family policies in Australia. In In M. Robila (Ed.). Handbook of family policies across the globe pp. 335 - 353 Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6771-7_22
Past adoption practices: Key messages for service delivery responses and current policies
Kenny, Pauline and Higgins, Daryl. (2014). Past adoption practices: Key messages for service delivery responses and current policies. In In A. Hayes and D. Higgins (Ed.). Families, policy and the law: Selected essays on contemporary issues for Australia pp. 29 - 38 Australian Government, Australian Institute of Family Studies.
Multi-type maltreatment and polyvictimisation: A comparison of two research frameworks
Price-Robertson, Rhys, Higgins, Daryl J. and Vassallo, Suzanne. (2013). Multi-type maltreatment and polyvictimisation: A comparison of two research frameworks. Family Matters. 93, pp. 84 - 98.
Past adoption experiences: Impacts, insights and implications for policy and practice
Kenny, Pauline, Higgins, Daryl, Sweid, Reem and Soloff, Carol. (2013). Past adoption experiences: Impacts, insights and implications for policy and practice. Children and Families Australia. 7(1), pp. 35 - 46.
Past adoption experiences: Impacts, insights and implications for policy and practice
Kenny, Pauline, Higgins, Daryl, Sweid, Reem and Soloff, Carol. (2013). Past adoption experiences: Impacts, insights and implications for policy and practice. Communities, Children and Families. 7(1), pp. 35 - 46.
Families make all the difference: Helping kids to grow and learn
Baxter, Jennifer, Higgins, Daryl J. and Hayes, Alan. (2012). Families make all the difference: Helping kids to grow and learn. Family Matters. 90, pp. 98 - 105.
Child abuse and neglect in Australia's Northern Territory: The Northern Territory Emergency Response
Higgins, Daryl and Scott, Debbie. (2012). Child abuse and neglect in Australia's Northern Territory: The Northern Territory Emergency Response. In In H. Dubowitz (Ed.). World perspectives on child abuse pp. 69 - 75 International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect.
Contemporary militant extremism: A linguistic approach to scale development
Stankov, Lazar, Higgins, D., Saucier, Gerard and Knezevic, Goran. (2012). Contemporary militant extremism: A linguistic approach to scale development. In In G. J. Boyle, Donald H. Saklofske and G. Matthews (Ed.). Psychological Assessment pp. 41 - 67 SAGE Publications Inc..
Protecting children: Evolving systems
Higgins, Daryl. (2011). Protecting children: Evolving systems. Family Matters.
Unfit mothers... Unjust practices?: Key issues from Australian research on the impact of past adoption practices
Higgins, Daryl J.. (2011). Unfit mothers... Unjust practices?: Key issues from Australian research on the impact of past adoption practices. Family Matters. 87(1), pp. 56 - 67.
Contemporary militant extremism: A linguistic approach to scale development
Stankov, Lazar, Higgins, D., Saucier, G. and Kneszevic, G. (2010). Contemporary militant extremism: A linguistic approach to scale development. Psychological Assessment. 22(2), pp. 246 - 258. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0017372