Keeping our eye on sex, power, relationships, and institutional contexts in preventing institutional child sexual abuse

Book chapter


Higgins, Daryl and Moore, Tim. (2019). Keeping our eye on sex, power, relationships, and institutional contexts in preventing institutional child sexual abuse. In In Bryce, India, Robinson, Yolande and Petherick, Wayne (Ed.). Child abuse and neglect : Forensic issues in evidence, impact and management pp. 45-62 Academic Press. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-815344-4.00003-9
AuthorsHiggins, Daryl and Moore, Tim
EditorsBryce, India, Robinson, Yolande and Petherick, Wayne
Abstract

In this chapter, we explore the nature and extent of child sexual abuse in institutions drawing, in particular, on the research published by the Australian Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse. Taking a situational prevention approach, we consider some of the organisational, contextual, and individual factors (of potential perpetrators and victims) that enable child sexual abuse in institutional settings and provide discussion about what needs to be the focus of prevention activities. Despite the plethora of potential risk factors, we highlight the convergence in creating conditions within which child sexual abuse can occur, flourish, or be excused. In exploring institutional child sexual abuse, we consider the ways that institutional child sexual abuse is similar but different to other forms of child abuse and neglect while stressing the cooccurrence of child maltreatment and interpersonal victimisation experienced by children and young people. Intersections with other prevention paradigms will be considered (including other forms of child maltreatment and peer victimisation, homophobia, bullying, dating, and relationship violence). The chapter will consider the incremental steps that are typically encountered and the typical responses (or the lack of responses) that feed the climate, which, in turn, becomes a driver of future risk. In exploring risk factors and the focus of prevention activities, we focus on what is unique about institutional contexts compared with the more prevalent site of abuse (i.e. the family home) and the implications for both connecting up with other prevention paradigms while not losing the opportunities to respond to its unique nature. The chapter concludes by considering the role of institutional culture in promoting sexual safety as the critical ingredient in child sexual abuse prevention. This moves meaning from focusing on knowledge and skills to environments and cultures that promote positive beliefs, attitudes, and behaviours. This requires a sophisticated understanding of power, self, relationships, and sexuality (including an appreciation of a variety of masculinities, femininities, and sexual identities).

We emphasise the importance of not only recognising individual risk factors but also, more importantly, promoting conditions of safety and enhancing organisational cultures that prevent institutional child sexual abuse and appropriately responding when grooming behaviours and abuse occurs.

Keywordschild sexual abuse prevention; grooming; situational crime prevention; sexual safety; organisational culture; homophobia
Page range45-62
Year2019
Book titleChild abuse and neglect : Forensic issues in evidence, impact and management
PublisherAcademic Press
Place of publicationLondon, United Kingdom
San Diego, CA
Cambridge, MA
Oxford, United Kingdom
ISBN9780128153451
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-815344-4.00003-9
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85082052363
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Print2019
Online2019
Publication process dates
Deposited28 Jul 2022
Permalink -

https://acuresearchbank.acu.edu.au/item/8y09y/keeping-our-eye-on-sex-power-relationships-and-institutional-contexts-in-preventing-institutional-child-sexual-abuse

Restricted files

Publisher's version

  • 10
    total views
  • 0
    total downloads
  • 3
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month
These values are for the period from 19th October 2020, when this repository was created.

Export as

Related outputs

A review of Australian Government funding of parenting intervention research
Havighurst, Sophie S., Chainey, Carys, Doyle, Frances L., Higgins, Daryl J., Mathews, Ben, Mazzucchelli, Trevor G., Zimmer-Gembeck, Melanie, Andriessen, Karl, Cobham, Vanessa E., Cross, Donna, Dadds, Mark R., Dawe, Sharon, Gray, Kylie M., Guastella, Adam J., Harnett, Paul, Haslam, Divna M., Middeldorp, Christel M., Morawska, Alina, Ohan, Jeneva L., ... Nicholson, Jan M.. (2022). A review of Australian Government funding of parenting intervention research. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health. 46(3), pp. 262-268. https://doi.org/10.1111/1753-6405.13235
Policies are needed to increase the reach and impact of evidence-based parenting supports : A call for a population-based approach to supporting parents, children, and families
Doyle, Frances L., Morawska, Alina, Higgins, Daryl J., Havighurst, Sophie S., Mazzucchelli, Trevor G., Toumbourou, John W., Middeldorp, Christel M., Chainey, Carys, Cobham, Vanessa E., Harnett, Paul and Sanders, Matthew R.. (2022). Policies are needed to increase the reach and impact of evidence-based parenting supports : A call for a population-based approach to supporting parents, children, and families. Child Psychiatry and Human Development. pp. 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-021-01309-0
Human research ethics committee experiences and views about children’s participation in research : Results from the MESSI Study
Taplin, Stephanie, Chalmers, Jenny, Brown, Judith, Moore, Tim, Graham, Anne and McArthur, Morag. (2022). Human research ethics committee experiences and views about children’s participation in research : Results from the MESSI Study. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics. 17(1-2), pp. 70-83. https://doi.org/10.1177/15562646211048294
The ethics of child maltreatment surveys in relation to participant distress : Implications of social science evidence, ethical guidelines, and law
Matthews, Ben, Macmillan, Harriet L., Meinck, Franziska, Finkelhor, David, Haslam, Divna, Tonmyr, Lil, Gonzalez, Andrea, Afifi, Tracie O., Scott, James G., Pacella, Rosana E., Higgins, Daryl J., Thomas, Hannah, Collin-Vézina, Delphine and Walsh, Kerryann. (2022). The ethics of child maltreatment surveys in relation to participant distress : Implications of social science evidence, ethical guidelines, and law. Child Abuse and Neglect. 123, p. Article 105424. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2021.105424
How COVID-19 is placing vulnerable children at riskand why we need a new approach to child welfare
Herrenkohl, Todd I., Scott, Debbie, Higgins, Daryl J., Klika, J. Bart and Lonne, Bob. (2021). How COVID-19 is placing vulnerable children at riskand why we need a new approach to child welfare. Child Maltreatment. 26(1), pp. 9-16. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077559520963916
Effective delivery methods and teaching strategies for child sexual abuse prevention : A rapid evidence check
Trew, Sebastian, Russell, Douglas, Higgins, Daryl and Walsh, Kerryann. (2021). Effective delivery methods and teaching strategies for child sexual abuse prevention : A rapid evidence check Canberra, ACT: Institute of Child Protection Studies, Australian Catholic University. https://doi.org/10.26199/rdbq-xm46
Vulnerable yet forgotten? A systematic review identifying the lack of evidence for effective suicide interventions for young people in contact with child protection systems
Russell, Douglas, Trew, Sebastian and Higgins, Daryl John. (2021). Vulnerable yet forgotten? A systematic review identifying the lack of evidence for effective suicide interventions for young people in contact with child protection systems. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry. 91(5), pp. 647-659. https://doi.org/10.1037/ort0000555
The Australian Child Maltreatment Study (ACMS) : Protocol for a national survey of the prevalence of child abuse and neglect, associated mental disorders and physical health problems, and burden of disease
Mathews, Ben, Pacella, Rosana, Dunne, Michael, Scott, James, Finkelhor, David, Meinck, Franziska, Higgins, Daryl J., Erskine, Holly, Thomas, Hannah J., Haslam, Divna, Tran, Nam, Le, Ha, Honey, Nikki, Kellard, Karen and Lawrence, David. (2021). The Australian Child Maltreatment Study (ACMS) : Protocol for a national survey of the prevalence of child abuse and neglect, associated mental disorders and physical health problems, and burden of disease. BMJ Open. 11(5), p. Article e047074. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-047074
Experiences of people with mental ill-health involved in family court or child protection processes : A rapid evidence review
Higgins, Daryl, McDougall, James, Trew, Sebastian and Suomi, Aino. (2021). Experiences of people with mental ill-health involved in family court or child protection processes : A rapid evidence review Melbourne, Victoria: Institute of Child Protection Studies, Australian Catholic University. https://doi.org/10.24268/acu.8w64y
Reconstructing the workforce within public health protective systems : Improving resilience, retention, service responsiveness and outcomes
Lonne, Bob, Higgins, Daryl, Herrenkohl, Todd I. and Scott, Debbie. (2020). Reconstructing the workforce within public health protective systems : Improving resilience, retention, service responsiveness and outcomes. Child Abuse and Neglect. 110, p. Article 104191. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2019.104191
Safeguarding capabilities in preventing child sexual abuse : Exploratory factor analysis of a scale measuring safeguarding capabilities in youth-serving organizations workers
Russell, Douglas and Higgins, Daryl. (2020). Safeguarding capabilities in preventing child sexual abuse : Exploratory factor analysis of a scale measuring safeguarding capabilities in youth-serving organizations workers. Child Maltreatment. 25(2), pp. 233-242. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077559519870253
Gender diversity and safety climate perceptions in schools and other youth-serving organisations
Russell, Douglas H., Anderson, Joel R., Riggs, Damien W., Ullman, Jacqueline and Higgins, Daryl J.. (2020). Gender diversity and safety climate perceptions in schools and other youth-serving organisations. Children and Youth Services Review. 117, p. 105334. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2020.105334
Preventing child sexual abuse: A systematic review of interventions and their efficacy in developing countries
Russell, D., Higgins, D. and Posso, A.. (2020). Preventing child sexual abuse: A systematic review of interventions and their efficacy in developing countries. Child Abuse and Neglect. 102(April 2020), pp. 1 - 14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104395
Service system responses to children and young people in the statutory child protection system who have experienced or witnessed family violence
Cahill, Alex, Stewart, Jacqueline and Higgins, Daryl. (2020). Service system responses to children and young people in the statutory child protection system who have experienced or witnessed family violence Australia: Institute of Child Protection Studies, Australian Catholic University. https://doi.org/10.26199/5e2fc4dd37b96
Youth-serving organization safety risks and the situational prevention approach
Kaufman, Keith, Erooga, Marcus, Higgins, Daryl and Zatkin, Judith. (2019). Youth-serving organization safety risks and the situational prevention approach. In In Lonne, Bob, Scott, Deb, Higgins, Daryl and Herrenkohl, Todd I. (Ed.). Re-visioning public health approaches for protecting children pp. 165-180 Springer Nature. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-05858-6_11
New directions for public health approaches : Key themes and issues
Herrenkohl, Todd I., Lonne, Bob, Scott, Debbie and Higgins, Daryl. (2019). New directions for public health approaches : Key themes and issues. In In Lonne, Bob, Scott, Deb, Higgins, Daryl and Herrenkohl, Todd I. (Ed.). Re-visioning public health approaches for protecting children pp. 487-499 Springer Nature. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-05858-6_28
Families – Private and sacred : How to raise the curtain and implement family support from a public health perspective
Higgins, Daryl, Sanders, Matthew, Lonne, Bob and Richardson, Dominic. (2019). Families – Private and sacred : How to raise the curtain and implement family support from a public health perspective. In In Lonne, Bob, Scott, Deb, Higgins, Daryl and Herrenkohl, Todd I. (Ed.). Re-visioning public health approaches for protecting children pp. 127-143 Springer Nature. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-05858-6_9
The successes and limitations of contemporary approaches to child protection
Higgins, Daryl, Lonne, Bob, Herrenkohl, Todd I. and Scott, Debbie. (2019). The successes and limitations of contemporary approaches to child protection. In In Lonne, Bob, Scott, Deb, Higgins, Daryl and Herrenkohl, Todd I. (Ed.). Re-visioning public health approaches for protecting children pp. 3-17 Springer Nature. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-05858-6_1
Safety survey data from Victorian youth-serving organisations: Survey data from workers, young people, and organisational leaders’ self-reflections after implementing the Victorian Child Safe Standards
Russell, Douglas, Higgins, Daryl J. and Stewart, Jacqui. (2019). Safety survey data from Victorian youth-serving organisations: Survey data from workers, young people, and organisational leaders’ self-reflections after implementing the Victorian Child Safe Standards Australia: Institute of Child Protection Studies, Australian Catholic University. https://doi.org/10.26199/5e27ad866a7c7
Protecting children from abuse in organisations needs leadership and cultural change
Higgins, Daryl J.. (2017). Protecting children from abuse in organisations needs leadership and cultural change The Conversation. https://doi.org/10.24268/fhs.8341
Adverse childhood experiences, non-response and loss to follow-up: Findings from a prospective birth cohort and recommendations for addressing missing data
Doidge, James C., Edwards, Ben, Higgins, Daryl and Segal, Leonie. (2017). Adverse childhood experiences, non-response and loss to follow-up: Findings from a prospective birth cohort and recommendations for addressing missing data. Longitudinal and Life Course Studies. 8(4), pp. 382 - 400. https://doi.org/10.14301/llcs.v8i4.414
Economic predictors of child maltreatment in an Australian population-based birth cohort
Doidge, James C., Higgins, Daryl J., Delfabbro, Paul, Edwards, Ben, Vassallo, Suzanne, Toumbourou, John W. and Segal, Leonie. (2017). Economic predictors of child maltreatment in an Australian population-based birth cohort. Children and Youth Services Review. 72, pp. 14 - 25. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2016.10.012
Risk factors for child maltreatment in an Australian population-based birth cohort
Doidge, James C., Higgins, Daryl J., Delfabbro, Paul and Segal, Leonie. (2017). Risk factors for child maltreatment in an Australian population-based birth cohort. Child Abuse and Neglect. 64, pp. 47 - 60. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2016.12.002
Public health models for preventing child maltreatment: Applications from the field of injury prevention
Scott, Debbie, Lonne, Bob and Higgins, Daryl. (2016). Public health models for preventing child maltreatment: Applications from the field of injury prevention. Trauma, Violence, and Abuse. 17(4), pp. 408 - 419. https://doi.org/10.1177/1524838016658877
How can child welfare and youth-serving organisations keep children safe?
Higgins, Daryl J., Kaufman, Keith and Erooga, Marcus. (2016). How can child welfare and youth-serving organisations keep children safe? Developing Practice.
Conceptualising the prevention of child sexual abuse
Quadara, Antonia, Nagy, Vicky, Higgins, Daryl and Siegel, Natalie. (2015). Conceptualising the prevention of child sexual abuse Australia: Australian Institute of Family Studies.
A public health approach to enhancing safe and supportive family environments for children
Higgins, Daryl J.. (2015). A public health approach to enhancing safe and supportive family environments for children. Family Matters. 96, pp. 39 - 52.
The Stronger Families in Australia (SFIA) study: Phase 2
Edwards, Ben, Mullan, Killian, Katz, Lian and Higgins, Daryl. (2014). The Stronger Families in Australia (SFIA) study: Phase 2 Australia: Australian Institute of Family Studies.
Complex family issues: Collective awareness, common narratives and coordinated approaches to promoting resilience
Hayes, Alan and Higgins, Daryl. (2014). Complex family issues: Collective awareness, common narratives and coordinated approaches to promoting resilience. In In A. Hayes and D. Higgins (Ed.). Families, policy and the law: Selected essays on contemporary issues for Australia pp. 299 - 303 Australian Government, Australian Institute of Family Studies.
Weaving a common narrative: An introduction to essays on families, policy and the law in Australia
Hayes, Alan and Higgins, Daryl. (2014). Weaving a common narrative: An introduction to essays on families, policy and the law in Australia. In Families, policy and the law: Selected essays on contemporary issues for Australia pp. 1 - 4 Australian Institute of Family Studies.
Past adoption practices: Implications for current interventions
Higgins, Daryl. (2014). Past adoption practices: Implications for current interventions. 36(4), pp. 8 - 11.
Contemporary issues in child protection intake, referral and family support
Bromfield, Leah, Arney, Fiona and Higgins, Daryl. (2014). Contemporary issues in child protection intake, referral and family support. In In A. Hayes and D. Higgins (Ed.). Families, policy and the law: Selected essays on contemporary issues for Australia pp. 121 - 129 Australian Institute of Family Studies.
Reform, (r)evolution and lingering Effects: Family policies in Australia
Higgins, Daryl J.. (2014). Reform, (r)evolution and lingering Effects: Family policies in Australia. In In M. Robila (Ed.). Handbook of family policies across the globe pp. 335 - 353 Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6771-7_22
Past adoption practices: Key messages for service delivery responses and current policies
Kenny, Pauline and Higgins, Daryl. (2014). Past adoption practices: Key messages for service delivery responses and current policies. In In A. Hayes and D. Higgins (Ed.). Families, policy and the law: Selected essays on contemporary issues for Australia pp. 29 - 38 Australian Government, Australian Institute of Family Studies.
Multi-type maltreatment and polyvictimisation: A comparison of two research frameworks
Price-Robertson, Rhys, Higgins, Daryl J. and Vassallo, Suzanne. (2013). Multi-type maltreatment and polyvictimisation: A comparison of two research frameworks. Family Matters. 93, pp. 84 - 98.
Past adoption experiences: Impacts, insights and implications for policy and practice
Kenny, Pauline, Higgins, Daryl, Sweid, Reem and Soloff, Carol. (2013). Past adoption experiences: Impacts, insights and implications for policy and practice. Children and Families Australia. 7(1), pp. 35 - 46.
Past adoption experiences: Impacts, insights and implications for policy and practice
Kenny, Pauline, Higgins, Daryl, Sweid, Reem and Soloff, Carol. (2013). Past adoption experiences: Impacts, insights and implications for policy and practice. Communities, Children and Families. 7(1), pp. 35 - 46.
Families make all the difference: Helping kids to grow and learn
Baxter, Jennifer, Higgins, Daryl J. and Hayes, Alan. (2012). Families make all the difference: Helping kids to grow and learn. Family Matters. 90, pp. 98 - 105.
Child abuse and neglect in Australia's Northern Territory: The Northern Territory Emergency Response
Higgins, Daryl and Scott, Debbie. (2012). Child abuse and neglect in Australia's Northern Territory: The Northern Territory Emergency Response. In In H. Dubowitz (Ed.). World perspectives on child abuse pp. 69 - 75 International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect.
Contemporary militant extremism: A linguistic approach to scale development
Stankov, Lazar, Higgins, D., Saucier, Gerard and Knezevic, Goran. (2012). Contemporary militant extremism: A linguistic approach to scale development. In In G. J. Boyle, Donald H. Saklofske and G. Matthews (Ed.). Psychological Assessment pp. 41 - 67 SAGE Publications Inc..
Protecting children: Evolving systems
Higgins, Daryl. (2011). Protecting children: Evolving systems. Family Matters.
Unfit mothers... Unjust practices?: Key issues from Australian research on the impact of past adoption practices
Higgins, Daryl J.. (2011). Unfit mothers... Unjust practices?: Key issues from Australian research on the impact of past adoption practices. Family Matters. 87(1), pp. 56 - 67.
Contemporary militant extremism: A linguistic approach to scale development
Stankov, Lazar, Higgins, D., Saucier, G. and Kneszevic, G. (2010). Contemporary militant extremism: A linguistic approach to scale development. Psychological Assessment. 22(2), pp. 246 - 258. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0017372