Impaired skeletal muscle beta-adrenergic activation and lipolysis are associated with whole-body insulin resistance in rats bred for low intrinsic exercise capacity

Journal article


Lessard, Sarah J., Rivas, Donato A., Chen, Zhu-Ping, van Denderen, Bryce J., Watt, Matthew J., Koch, Lauren G., Britton, Steven L., Kemp, Bruce Ernest and Hawley, John Alan. (2009) Impaired skeletal muscle beta-adrenergic activation and lipolysis are associated with whole-body insulin resistance in rats bred for low intrinsic exercise capacity. Endocrinology. 150(11), pp. 4883 - 4891. https://doi.org/10.1210/en.2009-0158
AuthorsLessard, Sarah J., Rivas, Donato A., Chen, Zhu-Ping, van Denderen, Bryce J., Watt, Matthew J., Koch, Lauren G., Britton, Steven L., Kemp, Bruce Ernest and Hawley, John Alan
Abstract

Rats selectively bred for high endurance running capacity (HCR) have higher insulin sensitivity and improved metabolic health compared with those bred for low endurance capacity (LCR). We investigated several skeletal muscle characteristics, in vitro and in vivo, that could contribute to the metabolic phenotypes observed in sedentary LCR and HCR rats. After 16 generations of selective breeding, HCR had approximately 400% higher running capacity (P < 0.001), improved insulin sensitivity (P < 0.001), and lower fasting plasma glucose and triglycerides (P < 0.05) compared with LCR. Skeletal muscle ceramide and diacylglycerol content, basal AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activity, and basal lipolysis were similar between LCR and HCR. However, the stimulation of lipolysis in response to 10 μm isoproterenol was 70% higher in HCR (P = 0.004). Impaired isoproterenol sensitivity in LCR was associated with lower basal triacylglycerol lipase activity, Ser660 phosphorylation of HSL, and β2-adrenergic receptor protein content in skeletal muscle. Expression of the orphan nuclear receptor Nur77, which is induced by β-adrenergic signaling and is associated with insulin sensitivity, was lower in LCR (P < 0.05). Muscle protein content of Nur77 target genes, including uncoupling protein 3, fatty acid translocase/CD36, and the AMPK γ3 subunit were also lower in LCR (P < 0.05). Our investigation associates whole-body insulin resistance with impaired β-adrenergic response and reduced expression of genes that are critical regulators of glucose and lipid metabolism in skeletal muscle. We identify impaired β-adrenergic signal transduction as a potential mechanism for impaired metabolic health after artificial selection for low intrinsic exercise capacity.

Year2009
JournalEndocrinology
Journal citation150 (11), pp. 4883 - 4891
PublisherThe Endocrine Society
ISSN0013-7227
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1210/en.2009-0158
Page range4883 - 4891
Research GroupSports Performance, Recovery, Injury and New Technologies (SPRINT) Research Centre
Place of publicationUnited States of America
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Lingham, Anthony R., Hawley, John A., Greaves, Tamar, Jackson, Neale, Antolasic, Frank and Hugel, Helmut M.. (2016) Revisiting the three component synthesis of isoxazolo[5,4-b]pyridines, 4-aryl-3,7,7-trimethyl-isoxazolo[5,4-b]quinolin-5(6H)-ones and related heterocycles. Polyhedron. 120, pp. 175 - 179. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.poly.2016.09.011
Carbohydrate dependence during prolonged simulated cycling time trials
Torrens, Samuel L., Areta, José L., Parr, Evelyn B. and Hawley, John A.. (2016) Carbohydrate dependence during prolonged simulated cycling time trials. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 116(4), pp. 781 - 790. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-016-3333-y
Carbohydrate dependence during prolonged simulated cycling time trials
Torrens, Sam Lewis, Areta, José Lisandro, Parr, Evelyn and Hawley, John Alan. (2016) Carbohydrate dependence during prolonged simulated cycling time trials. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 116(4), pp. 781 - 790. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-016-3333-y
Acute endurance exercise induces nuclear p53 abundance in human skeletal muscle
Tachtsis, Bill, Smiles, William, Lane, Steven C., Hawley, John Alan and Camera, Donny Michael. (2016) Acute endurance exercise induces nuclear p53 abundance in human skeletal muscle. Frontiers in Physiology. 7(144), pp. 1 - 10. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2016.00144
Circulating microRNA responses between 'high' and 'low' responders to a 16-wk diet and exercise weight loss intervention
Parr, Evelyn B., Camera, Donny M., Burke, Louise M., Phillips, Stuart M., Coffey, Vernon G. and Hawley, John Alan. (2016) Circulating microRNA responses between 'high' and 'low' responders to a 16-wk diet and exercise weight loss intervention. PLoS ONE. 11(4), pp. 1 - 14. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0152545
Metformin prevents nigrostriatal dopamine degeneration independent of AMPK activation in dopamine neurons
Bayliss, Jacqueline A., Lemus, Moyra B., Santos, Vanessa, Deo, Minh, Davies, Jeffrey S., Kemp, Bruce Ernest, Elsworth, John D. and Andrews, Zane B.. (2016) Metformin prevents nigrostriatal dopamine degeneration independent of AMPK activation in dopamine neurons. PLoS ONE. 11(7), pp. 1 - 15. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0159381
Altering fatty acid availability does not impair prolonged, continuous running to fatigue: Evidence for carbohydrate dependence
Leckey, Jill, Burke, Louise Mary, Morton, James P. and Hawley, John Alan. (2016) Altering fatty acid availability does not impair prolonged, continuous running to fatigue: Evidence for carbohydrate dependence. Journal of Applied Physiology. 120(2), pp. 107 - 113. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00855.2015
Structural basis of allosteric and synergistic activation of AMPK by furan-2-phosphonic derivative C2 binding
Langendorf, Christopher G., Ngoei, Kevin R. W., Scott, John W., Ling, Naomi X. Y., Issa, Sam M. A., Gorman, Michael A., Parker, Michael W., Sakamoto, Kei, Oakhill, Jonathan S. and Kemp, Bruce Ernest. (2016) Structural basis of allosteric and synergistic activation of AMPK by furan-2-phosphonic derivative C2 binding. Nature Communications. 7, pp. 1 - 8. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms10912
Immortalized Parkinson's disease lymphocytes have enhanced mitochondrial respiratory activity
Annesley, Sarah J., Lay, Sui T., De Piazza, Shawn W., Sanislav, Oana, Hammersley, Eleanor, Allan, Claire Y., Francione, Lisa M., Bui, Minh Q., Chen, Zhi-Ping, Ngoei, Kevin R. W., Tassone, Flora, Kemp, Bruce E., Storey, Elsdon, Evans, Andrew, Loesch, Danuta Z. and Fisher, Paul R.. (2016) Immortalized Parkinson's disease lymphocytes have enhanced mitochondrial respiratory activity. Disease Models and Mechanisms. 9(9), pp. 1295 - 1305. https://doi.org/10.1242/dmm.025684
Ghrelin-AMPK signaling mediates the neuroprotective effects of calorie restriction in Parkinson's Disease
Bayliss, Jacqueline A., Lemus, Moyra B., Stark, Romana, Santos, Vanessa V., Thompson, Aiysha, Rees, Daniel J., Galic, Sandra, Elsworth, John D., Kemp, Bruce Ernest, Davies, Jeffrey S. and Andrews, Zane B.. (2016) Ghrelin-AMPK signaling mediates the neuroprotective effects of calorie restriction in Parkinson's Disease. Journal of Neuroscience. 36(10), pp. 3049 - 3063. https://doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.4373-15.2016
Commentaries on Viewpoint: The rigorous study of exercise adaptations: Why mRNA might not be enough
Camera, Donny and Hawley, John. (2016) Commentaries on Viewpoint: The rigorous study of exercise adaptations: Why mRNA might not be enough. Journal of Applied Physiology. 121(2), pp. 598 - 598. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00509.2016
Exercise-induced skeletal muscle signaling pathways and human athletic performance
Camera, Donny Michael, Smiles, William J. and Hawley, John Alan. (2016) Exercise-induced skeletal muscle signaling pathways and human athletic performance. Free Radical Biology & Medicine. 98, pp. 131 - 143. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2016.02.007
Effects of skeletal muscle energy availability on protein turnover responses to exercise
Smiles, William J., Hawley, John Alan and Camera, Donny Michael. (2016) Effects of skeletal muscle energy availability on protein turnover responses to exercise. Journal of Experimental Biology. 219(Pt 2), pp. 214 - 225. https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.125104
Periodization of carbohydrate intake: Short-term effect on performance
Marquet, Laurie-Anne, Hausswirth, Christophe, Molle, Odeline, Hawley, John A., Burke, Louise M., Tiollier, Eve and Brisswalter, Jeanick. (2016) Periodization of carbohydrate intake: Short-term effect on performance. Nutrients. 8(12), pp. 1 - 13. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu8120755
A randomized trial of high-dairy-protein, variable-carbohydrate diets and exercise on body composition in adults with obesity
Parr, Evelyn B., Coffey, Vernon Glenn, Cato, Louise E., Phillips, Stuart M., Burke, Louise Mary and Hawley, John Alan. (2016) A randomized trial of high-dairy-protein, variable-carbohydrate diets and exercise on body composition in adults with obesity. Obesity. 24(5), pp. 1035 - 1045. https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.21451
Metabolism: One step forward for exercise
Hawley, John Alan and Krook, Anna. (2016) Metabolism: One step forward for exercise. Nature Reviews Endocrinology. 12(1), pp. 7 - 8. https://doi.org/10.1038/nrendo.2015.201
Protein coingestion with alcohol following strenuous exercise attenuates alcohol-induced intramyocellular apoptosis and inhibition of autophagy
Smiles, William J., Parr, Evelyn B., Coffey, Vernon G., Lacham-Kaplan, Orly, Hawley, John Alan and Camera, Donny Michael. (2016) Protein coingestion with alcohol following strenuous exercise attenuates alcohol-induced intramyocellular apoptosis and inhibition of autophagy. American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism. 311(5), pp. E836 - E849. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpendo.00303.2016
Attenuated PGC-1a isoforms following endurance exercise with blood flow restriction
Conceição, Miguel Soares, Chacon-Mikahil, Mara Patricia Traina, Telles, Guilherme Defante, Libardi, Cleiton Augusto, Junior, Edson Manoel Mendes, Vechin, Felipe Cassaro, Lugani de Andrade, André Luis, Gáspari, Arthur Fernandes, Brum, Patricia Chakur, Cavaglieri, Cláudia Regina, Serag, Sara, Spiegelman, Bruce M., Hawley, John Alan and Camera, Donny Michael. (2016) Attenuated PGC-1a isoforms following endurance exercise with blood flow restriction. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 16(4809), pp. 1699 - 1707. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000000970
SnapShot: Exercise metabolism
Egan, Brendan, Hawley, John Alan and Zierath, Juleen R.. (2016) SnapShot: Exercise metabolism. Cell Metabolism. 24(2), pp. 342 - 342. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cmet.2016.07.013
Selective modulation of microRNA expression with protein ingestion following concurrent resistance and endurance exercise in human skeletal muscle
Camera, Donny Michael, Ong, Jun N., Coffey, Vernon Glenn and Hawley, John Alan. (2016) Selective modulation of microRNA expression with protein ingestion following concurrent resistance and endurance exercise in human skeletal muscle. Frontiers in Physiology. 7(Mar), pp. 1 - 8. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2016.00087
Enhanced endurance performance by periodization of CHO intake: "Sleep Low" strategy
Marquet, Laurie-Anne, Brisswalter, Jeanick, Louis, Julien, Tiollier, Eve, Burke, Louise Mary, Hawley, John Alan and Hausswirth, Christophe. (2016) Enhanced endurance performance by periodization of CHO intake: "Sleep Low" strategy. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 48(4), pp. 663 - 672. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000000823
Carbohydrate dependence during prolonged, intense endurance exercise
Hawley, John and Leckey, Jill. (2015) Carbohydrate dependence during prolonged, intense endurance exercise. Sports Medicine: reviews of applied medicine and science in sport and exercise. 45, pp. 5 - 12. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-015-0400-1
Skeletal muscle AMPK is essential for the maintenance of FNDC5 expression
Lally, James S. V., Ford, Rebecca J., Johar, Jasper, Crane, Justin D., Kemp, Bruce Ernest and Steinberg, Gregory R.. (2015) Skeletal muscle AMPK is essential for the maintenance of FNDC5 expression. Physiological Reports. 3(5), pp. 1 - 9. https://doi.org/10.14814/phy2.12343
Carbohydrate availability and exercise training adaptation : Too much of a good thing?
Bartlett, Jonathan, Hawley, John and Morton, James. (2015) Carbohydrate availability and exercise training adaptation : Too much of a good thing? European Journal of Sport Science. 15(1), pp. 3 - 12. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2014.920926
Salicylate improves macrophage cholesterol homeostasis via activation of Ampk
Fullerton, Morgan D., Ford, Rebecca J., McGregor, Chelsea P., LeBlond, Nicholas D., Snider, Shayne A., Stypa, Stephanie A., Day, Emily A., Lhoták, Šárka, Schertzer, Jonathan D., Austin, Richard C., Kemp, Bruce Ernest and Steinberg, Gregory R.. (2015) Salicylate improves macrophage cholesterol homeostasis via activation of Ampk. Journal of Lipid Research. 56(5), pp. 1025 - 1033. https://doi.org/10.1194/jlr.M058875
Choreography of AMPK activation
Langerdorf, Christopher G. and Kemp, Bruce Ernest. (2015) Choreography of AMPK activation. Cell Research. 25(1), pp. 5 - 6. https://doi.org/10.1038/cr.2014.163
Skeletal muscle ACC2 S212 phosphorylation is not required for the control of fatty acid oxidation during exercise
O'Neill, Hayley M., Lally, James S., Galic, Sandra, Pulinilkunnil, Thomas, Ford, Rebecca J., Dyck, Jason R. B., Van Denderen, Bryce J,, Kemp, Bruce Ernest and Steinberg, Gregory R.. (2015) Skeletal muscle ACC2 S212 phosphorylation is not required for the control of fatty acid oxidation during exercise. Physiological Reports. 3(7), pp. 1 - 10. https://doi.org/10.14814/phy2.12444
Metformin and salicylate synergistically activate liver AMPK, inhibit lipogenesis and improve insulin sensitivity
Ford, Rebecca, Fullerton, Morgan, Pinkosky, Stephen, Day, Emily, Scott, John, Oakhill, Jonathan, Bujak, Adam, Smith, Brennan, Crane, Justin, Blumer, Regje, Marcinko, Katarina, Kemp, Bruce, Gerstein, Hertzel and Steinberg, Gregory. (2015) Metformin and salicylate synergistically activate liver AMPK, inhibit lipogenesis and improve insulin sensitivity. Biochemical Journal. 468(1), pp. 125 - 132. https://doi.org/10.1042/BJ20150125
Nutritional strategies to enhance fat oxidation during aerobic exercise
Burke, Louise and Hawley, John. (2015) Nutritional strategies to enhance fat oxidation during aerobic exercise. In In L. Burke and V. Deakin (Ed.). Clinical sports nutrition pp. 463 - 492 McGraw-Hill Education (Australia) Pty Ltd.
High intensity interval training improves liver and adipose tissue insulin sensitivity
Marcinko, Katarina, Sikkema, Sarah R., Samaan, M. Constantine, Kemp, Bruce Ernest, Fullerton, Morgan D. and Steinberg, Gregory R.. (2015) High intensity interval training improves liver and adipose tissue insulin sensitivity. Molecular Metabolism. 4(12), pp. 903 - 915. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molmet.2015.09.006
Inhibition of AMP-activated protein kinase at the allosteric drug-binding site promotes islet insulin release
Scott, John, Galic, Sandra, Graham, Kate, Foitzik, Richard, Ling, Naomi, Dite, Toby, Issa, Samah, Langendorf, Chris, Weng, Qing, Thomas, Helen, Kay, Thomas, Birnberg, Neal, Steinberg, Gregory, Kemp, Bruce and Oakhill, Jonathan. (2015) Inhibition of AMP-activated protein kinase at the allosteric drug-binding site promotes islet insulin release. Chemistry and Biology. 22(6), pp. 705 - 711. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chembiol.2015.05.011
AMPK deficiency in cardiac muscle results in dilated cardiomyopathy in the absence of changes in energy metabolism
Sung, Miranda M., Zordoky, Beshay N. M., Bujak, Adam L., Lally, James S. V., Fung, David, Young, Martin E., Horman, Sandrine, Miller, Edward J., Light, Peter E., Kemp, Bruce Ernest, Steinberg, Gregory R. and Dyck, Jason R. B.. (2015) AMPK deficiency in cardiac muscle results in dilated cardiomyopathy in the absence of changes in energy metabolism. Cardiovascular Research. 107(2), pp. 235 - 245. https://doi.org/10.1093/cvr/cvv166
Salicylate activates AMPK and synergizes with metformin to reduce the survival of prostate and lung cancer cells ex vivo through inhibition of de novo lipogenesis
O'Brien, Andrew J., Villani, Linda A., Broadfield, Lindsay A., Houde, Vanessa P., Galic, Sandra, Blandino, Giovanni, Kemp, Bruce Ernest, Tsakiridis, Theodoros, Muti, Paola and Steinberg, Gregory R.. (2015) Salicylate activates AMPK and synergizes with metformin to reduce the survival of prostate and lung cancer cells ex vivo through inhibition of de novo lipogenesis. Biochemical Journal. 469(2), pp. 177 - 187. https://doi.org/10.1042/Bj20150122
The AMPK activator R419 improves exercise capacity and skeletal muscle insulin sensitivity in obese mice
Marcinko, Katarina, Bujak, Adam L., Lally, James S. V., Ford, Rebecca J., Wong, Tammy H., Smith, Brennan K., Kemp, Bruce Ernest, Jenkins, Yonchu, Li, Wei, Kinsella, Todd M., Hitoshi, Yasumichi and Steinberg, Gregory R.. (2015) The AMPK activator R419 improves exercise capacity and skeletal muscle insulin sensitivity in obese mice. Molecular Metabolism. 4(9), pp. 643 - 651. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molmet.2015.06.002
AMPK activation of muscle autophagy prevents fasting-induced hypoglycemia and myopathy during aging
Bujak, Adam L., Crane, Justin D., Lally, James S., Ford, Rebecca J., Kang, Sally J., Rebalka, Irena A., Green, Alex E., Kemp, Bruce Ernest, Hawke, Thomas J., Schertzer, Jonathan D. and Steinberg, Gregory R.. (2015) AMPK activation of muscle autophagy prevents fasting-induced hypoglycemia and myopathy during aging. Cell Metabolism. 21(6), pp. 883 - 890. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cmet.2015.05.016
Need for measures of satellite cell activation along with muscle protein synthesis?
Camera, Donny and Hawley, John. (2015) Need for measures of satellite cell activation along with muscle protein synthesis? Journal of Applied Physiology. 118(4), pp. 500 - 500. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00609.2014.
Exercise-stimulated interleukin-15 is controlled by AMPK and regulates skin metabolism and aging
Crane, Justin D., MacNeil, Lauren G., Lally, James S. V., Ford, Rebecca J., Bujak, Adam L., Brar, Ikdip K., Kemp, Bruce Ernest, Raha, Sandeep, Steinberg, Gregory Robert and Tarnopolsky, Mark A.. (2015) Exercise-stimulated interleukin-15 is controlled by AMPK and regulates skin metabolism and aging. Aging Cell. 14(4), pp. 625 - 634. https://doi.org/10.1111/acel.12341
Autophosphorylation of CaMKK2 generates autonomous activity that is disrupted by a T85S mutation linked to anxiety and bipolar disorder
Scott, John, Park, Elizabeth, Rodriguiz, Ramona, Oakhill, Jonathan, Issa, Samah, O'Brien, Matthew, Dite, Toby, Langendorf, Christopher, Wetsel, William, Means, Anthony and Kemp, Bruce. (2015) Autophosphorylation of CaMKK2 generates autonomous activity that is disrupted by a T85S mutation linked to anxiety and bipolar disorder. Scientific Reports. 5, pp. 1 - 10. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep14436
SnRK1 from Arabidopsis thaliana is an atypical AMPK
Emanuelle, Shane, Hossain, Mohammed Iqbal, Moller, Isabel E., Pedersen, Henriette L., van de Meene, Allison M. L., Doblin, Monika S., Koay, Ann, Oakhill, Jonathan S., Scott, John W., Willats, William G. T., Kemp, Bruce Ernest, Bacic, Antony, Gooley, Paul R. and Stapleton, David I.. (2015) SnRK1 from Arabidopsis thaliana is an atypical AMPK. Plant Journal. 82(2), pp. 183 - 192. https://doi.org/10.1111/tpj.12813
Alcohol ingestion impairs maximal post-exercise rates of myofibrillar protein synthesis following a single bout of concurrent training
Parr, Evelyn, Camera, Donny, Areta, José, Burke, Louise, Phillips, Stuart, Hawley, John A. and Coffey, Vernon. (2014) Alcohol ingestion impairs maximal post-exercise rates of myofibrillar protein synthesis following a single bout of concurrent training. PLoS ONE. 9(2), pp. 1 - 9. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088384
PPARδ Activation attenuates hepatic steatosis in Ldlr−/− mice by enhanced fat oxidation, reduced lipogenesis, and improved insulin sensitivity
Bojic, Lazar, Telford, Dawn, Fullerton, Morgan, Ford, Rebecca, Sutherland, Brian, Edwards, Jane, Sawyez, Cynthia, Gros, Robert, Kemp, Bruce, Steinberg, Gregory and Huff, Murray. (2014) PPARδ Activation attenuates hepatic steatosis in Ldlr−/− mice by enhanced fat oxidation, reduced lipogenesis, and improved insulin sensitivity. Journal of Lipid Research. 55(7), pp. 1254 - 1266. https://doi.org/10.1194/jlr.M046037
Ramping up the signal : Promoting endurance training adaptation in skeletal muscle by nutritional manipulation
Hawley, John and Morton, James. (2014) Ramping up the signal : Promoting endurance training adaptation in skeletal muscle by nutritional manipulation. Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology. 41(8), pp. 608 - 613. https://doi.org/10.1111/1440-1681.12246
PPARδ activation attenuates hepatic steatosis in Ldlr−/− mice by enhanced fat oxidation, reduced lipogenesis, and improved insulin sensitivity
Bojic, Lazar A., Telford, Dawn E., Fullerton, Morgan D., Ford, Rebecca J., Sutherland, Brian G., Edwards, Jane Y., Sawyez, Cynthia G., Gros, Robert, Kemp, Bruce Ernest, Steinberg, Gregory R. and Huff, Murray W.. (2014) PPARδ activation attenuates hepatic steatosis in Ldlr−/− mice by enhanced fat oxidation, reduced lipogenesis, and improved insulin sensitivity. Journal of Lipid Research. 55(7), pp. 1254 - 1266. https://doi.org/10.1194/jlr.M046037
Single and combined effects of beetroot juice and caffeine supplementation on cycling time trial performance
Lane, Stephen C., Hawley, John, Desbrow, Ben, Jones, Andrew M., Blackwell, James R., Ross, Megan L. L., Zemski, Adam J. and Burke, Louise. (2014) Single and combined effects of beetroot juice and caffeine supplementation on cycling time trial performance. 39(9), pp. 1050 - 1057. https://doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2013-0336
Muscle-specific AMPK ß1ß2-null mice display a myopathy due to loss of capillary density in nonpostural muscles
Thomas, Melissa, Wang, David, D'Souza, Donna, Krause, Matthew, Layne, Andrew, Criswell, David, O'Neill, Hayley, Connor, Michael, Anderson, Judy, Kemp, Bruce, Steinberg, Gregory and Hawke, Thomas. (2014) Muscle-specific AMPK ß1ß2-null mice display a myopathy due to loss of capillary density in nonpostural muscles. The FASEB Journal. 28(5), pp. 2098 - 2107. https://doi.org/10.1096/fj.13-238972
'Exercise snacks' before meals: A novel strategy to improve glycaemic control in individuals with insulin resistance
Francois, Monique, Baldi, James, Manning, Patrick, Lucas, Samuel, Hawley, John Alan, Williams, Michael and Cotter, James. (2014) 'Exercise snacks' before meals: A novel strategy to improve glycaemic control in individuals with insulin resistance. Diabetologia. 57(7), pp. 1437 - 1445. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-014-3244-6
Evidence for the role of AMPK in regulating PGC-1 alpha expression and mitochondrial proteins in mouse epididymal adipose tissue
Wan, Zhongxiao, Root-Mccaig, Jared, Castellani, Laura, Kemp, Bruce, Steinberg, Gregory and Wright, David. (2014) Evidence for the role of AMPK in regulating PGC-1 alpha expression and mitochondrial proteins in mouse epididymal adipose tissue. Obesity: a resourch journal. 22(3), pp. 730 - 738. https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.20605
Mitochondrial function in metabolic health: A genetic and environmental tug of war
Stephenson, Erin and Hawley, John Alan. (2014) Mitochondrial function in metabolic health: A genetic and environmental tug of war. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. 1840(4), pp. 1285 - 1294. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbagen.2013.12.004
Single and combined effects of betroot juice and caffeine supplementation on cycling time trial performance
Lane, Stephen, Hawley, John, Desbrow, Ben, Jones, Andrew, Blackwell, James, Ross, Megan, Zemski, Adam and Burke, Louise. (2014) Single and combined effects of betroot juice and caffeine supplementation on cycling time trial performance. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism. 39(9), pp. 1050 - 1057. https://doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2013-0336
Activation of AMPK reduces the co-transporter activity of NKCC1
Fraser, Scott A., Davies, Matthew R. P., Katerelos, Marina, Gleich, Kurt, Choy, Suet-Wan, Steel, Rohan, Galic, Sandra, Mount, Peter F., Kemp, Bruce Ernest and Power, David A.. (2014) Activation of AMPK reduces the co-transporter activity of NKCC1. Molecular Membrane Biology. 31(2-3), pp. 95 - 102. https://doi.org/10.3109/09687688.2014.902128
Beyond muscle hypertrophy: Why dietary protein is important for endurance athletes
Moore, Daniel, Camera, Donny, Areta, José and Hawley, John A.. (2014) Beyond muscle hypertrophy: Why dietary protein is important for endurance athletes. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism. 39(9), pp. 987 - 997. https://doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2013-0591
Integrative Biology of Exercise
Hawley, John A., Hargreaves, Mark, Joyner, Michael J. and Zierath, Juleen R.. (2014) Integrative Biology of Exercise. Cell. 159(4), pp. 738 - 749. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2014.10.029
Mutant TDP-43 deregulates AMPK activation by PP2A in ALS models
Perera, Nirma, Sheean, Rebecca, Scott, John, Kemp, Bruce, Horne, Malcolm and Turner, Bradley. (2014) Mutant TDP-43 deregulates AMPK activation by PP2A in ALS models. PLoS One (online). 9(3), pp. 1 - 11. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0090449
Reduced skeletal muscle AMPK and mitochondrial markers do not promote age-induced insulin resistance
Bujak, Adam, Blumer, Regje, Marcinko, Katarina, Fullerton, Morgan, Kemp, Bruce and Steinberg, Gregory. (2014) Reduced skeletal muscle AMPK and mitochondrial markers do not promote age-induced insulin resistance. Journal of Applied Physiology. 117(2), pp. 171 - 179. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.01101.2013
The relationship between exercise, nutrition and type 2 diabetes
Stephenson, Erin J., Smiles, William and Hawley, John Alan. (2014) The relationship between exercise, nutrition and type 2 diabetes. Medicine and Sport Science. 60, pp. 1 - 10. https://doi.org/10.1159/000357331
Increasing leucine concentration stimulates mechanistic target of rapamycin signaling an cell growth in C2C12 skeletal muscle cells
Areta, José, Hawley, John A., Ye, Ji-Ming, Chan, M. H. Stanley and Coffey, Vernon. (2014) Increasing leucine concentration stimulates mechanistic target of rapamycin signaling an cell growth in C2C12 skeletal muscle cells. Nutrition Research. 34(11), pp. 1000 - 1007. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nutres.2014.09.011
Compensatory regulation of HDAC5 in muscle maintains metabolic adaptive responses and metabolism in response to energetic stress
McGee, Sean, Swinton, Courtney, Morrison, Shona, Gaur, Vidhi, Campbell, Duncan, Jorgensen, Sebastian, Kemp, Bruce, Baar, Keith, Steinberg, Gregory and Hargreaves, Mark. (2014) Compensatory regulation of HDAC5 in muscle maintains metabolic adaptive responses and metabolism in response to energetic stress. The FASEB Journal. 28(8), pp. 3384 - 3395. https://doi.org/10.1096/fj.14-249359
Reduced resting skeletal muscle protein synthesis is reduced by resistance exercise and protein ingestion following short-term energy deficit
Areta, José, Burke, Louise, Camera, Donny, West, Daniel, Crawshay, Siobhan, Moore, Daniel, Stellingwerff, Trent, Phillips, Stuart, Hawley, John A. and Coffey, Vernon. (2014) Reduced resting skeletal muscle protein synthesis is reduced by resistance exercise and protein ingestion following short-term energy deficit. American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism. 306(8), pp. E989 - E997. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpendo.00590.2013
Ramping up the signal: Promoting endurance training adaptation in skeletal muscle by nutritional manipulation
Hawley, John Alan and Morton, James. (2014) Ramping up the signal: Promoting endurance training adaptation in skeletal muscle by nutritional manipulation. Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology. 41(8), pp. 608 - 613. https://doi.org/10.1111/1440-1681.12246
ATP sensitive bi-quinoline activator of the AMP-activated protein kinase
Scott, John, Oakhill, Jonathan, Ling, Naomi, Langendorf, Christopher, Foitzik, Richard, Kemp, Bruce and Issinger, Olaf-Georg. (2014) ATP sensitive bi-quinoline activator of the AMP-activated protein kinase. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. 443(2), pp. 435 - 440. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2013.11.130
Enhanced activation of cellular AMPK by dual-small molecule treatment: AICAR and A769662
Ducommun, Serge, Ford, Rebecca J., Bultot, Laurent, Deak, Maria, Bertrand, Luc, Kemp, Bruce Ernest, Steinberg, Gregory R. and Sakamoto, Kei. (2014) Enhanced activation of cellular AMPK by dual-small molecule treatment: AICAR and A769662. American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism. 306(6), pp. 688 - 696. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpendo.00672.2013
Small molecule drug A-769662 and AMP synergistically activate naive AMPK independent of upstream kinase signaling
Scott, John, Ling, Naomi, Issa, Samah, Dite, Toby, O'Brien, Matthew, Chen, Zhi-Ping, Galic, Sandra, Langendorf, Christopher, Steinberg, Gregory, Kemp, Bruce and Oakhill, Jonathan. (2014) Small molecule drug A-769662 and AMP synergistically activate naive AMPK independent of upstream kinase signaling. Chemistry and Biology. 21(5), pp. 619 - 627. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chembiol.2014.03.006
Novel mechanisms of Na+ retention in obesity: Phosphorylation of NKCC2 and regulation of SPAK/OSR1 by AMPK
Davies, Matthew R. P., Fraser, Scott A., Galic, Sandra, Choy, Suet-Wan, Katerelos, Marina, Gleich, Kurt, Kemp, Bruce Ernest, Mount, Peter F. and Power, David A.. (2014) Novel mechanisms of Na+ retention in obesity: Phosphorylation of NKCC2 and regulation of SPAK/OSR1 by AMPK. American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology. 307(1), pp. 96 - 106. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajprenal.00524.2013
Mechanism of action of compound-13 : An a1-selective small molecule activator of AMPK
Hunter, Roger, Foretz, Marc, Bultot, Laurent, Fullerton, Morgan, Deak, Maria, Ross, Fiona, Hawley, Simon, Shpiro, Natalia, Viollet, Benoit, Barron, Denis, Kemp, Bruce, Steinberg, Gregory, Hardie, David Grahame and Sakamoto, Kei. (2014) Mechanism of action of compound-13 : An a1-selective small molecule activator of AMPK. Chemistry and Biology. 21(7), pp. 866 - 879. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chembiol.2014.05.014
Meteorin-like is a hormone that regulates immune-adipose interactions to increase beige fat thermogenesis
Rao, Rajesh, Long, Jonathan, White, James, Svensson, Katrin, Lou, Jesse, Lokurkar, Isha, Jedrychowski, Mark, Ruas, Jorge, Wrann, Christiane, Lo, James, Camera, Donny, Lachey, Jenn, Gygi, Steven, Seehra, Jasbir, Hawley, John and Spiegelman, Bruce. (2014) Meteorin-like is a hormone that regulates immune-adipose interactions to increase beige fat thermogenesis. Cell. 157(6), pp. 1279 - 1291. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2014.03.065
Integrative biology of exercise
Hawley, John A., Hargreaves, Mark, Joyner, Michael J. and Zierath, Juleen R.. (2014) Integrative biology of exercise. Cell. 159(6), pp. 738 - 749. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2014.10.029
Meteorin-like Is a Hormone that Regulates Immune-Adipose Interactions to Increase Beige Fat Thermogenesis
Rao, Rajesh, Long, Jonathan Z., White, James P., Svensson, Katrin J., Lou, Jesse, Lokurkar, Isha, Jedrychowski, Mark P., Ruas, Jorge L., Wrann, Christine D., Camera, Donny, Lachey, Jenn, Gygi, Steven, Seehra, Jasbir, Hawley, John and Spiegelman, Bruce M.. (2014) Meteorin-like Is a Hormone that Regulates Immune-Adipose Interactions to Increase Beige Fat Thermogenesis. Cell. 157(6), pp. 1279 - 1291. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2014.03.065
Acute changes to biomarkers as a consequence of prolonged strenuous running
Bird, Stephen R., Linden, Matthew and Hawley, John Alan. (2014) Acute changes to biomarkers as a consequence of prolonged strenuous running. Annals of Clinical Biochemistry. 51(2), pp. 137 - 150. https://doi.org/10.1177/0004563213492147
Two weeks of reduced-volume sprint interval or traditional exercise training does not improve metabolic functioning in sedentary obese men
Skleryk, J, Karagounis, Leonidas, Hawley, John, Sharman, Matthew, Laursen, Paul and Watson, Greg. (2013) Two weeks of reduced-volume sprint interval or traditional exercise training does not improve metabolic functioning in sedentary obese men. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism: a journal of pharmacology and therapeutics. https://doi.org/10.1111/dom.12150
Nutritional strategies to modulate the adaptive response to endurance training
Hawley, John Alan. (2013) Nutritional strategies to modulate the adaptive response to endurance training. Nestle Nutrition Institute Workshop Series. 75, pp. 1 - 14. https://doi.org/10.1159/000345813
Exercise training enhances white adipose tissue metabolism in rats selectively bred for low- or high-endurance running capacity
Stephenson, Erin, Lessard, Sarah, Rivas, Donato, Watt, Matthew, Yaspelkis III, Ben, Koch, Lauren, Britton, Steven and Hawley, John. (2013) Exercise training enhances white adipose tissue metabolism in rats selectively bred for low- or high-endurance running capacity. American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpendo.00544.2012
Caffeine ingestion and cycling power output in a low or normal muscle glycogen state
Lane, Suzanne, Areta, José, Bird, S, Coffey, Vernon, Burke, Louise, Desbrow, B, Karagounis, L and Hawley, John A.. (2013) Caffeine ingestion and cycling power output in a low or normal muscle glycogen state. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e31828af183
Effect of a carbohydrate mouth rinse on simulated cycling time-trial performance commenced in a fed or fasted state
Lane, Stephen, Bird, S, Burke, Louise and Hawley, John. (2013) Effect of a carbohydrate mouth rinse on simulated cycling time-trial performance commenced in a fed or fasted state. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism. https://doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2012-0300
ERK1/2 in the brain mediates the effects of central resistin on reducing thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue
Kosari, Samin, Camera, Donny Michael, Hawley, John Alan, Stebbing, Martin and Badoer, Emilio. (2013) ERK1/2 in the brain mediates the effects of central resistin on reducing thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue. International Journal of Physiology, Pathophysiology and Pharmacology. 5(3), pp. 184 - 189.
Single phosphorylation sites in Acc1 and Acc2 regulate lipid homeostasis and the insulin-sensitizing effects of metformin
Fullerton, Morgan, Galic, Sandra, Marcinko, Katarina, Sikkema, Sarah, Pulinilkunnil, Thomas, Chen, Zhi-Ping, O'Neill, Hayley, Ford, Rebecca, Palanivel, Rengasamy, O'Brien, Matthew, Hardie, D. Grahame, Macaulay, Lance, Schertzer, Jonathan, Dyck, Jason, van Denderen, Bryce, Kemp, Bruce and Steinberg, Gregory. (2013) Single phosphorylation sites in Acc1 and Acc2 regulate lipid homeostasis and the insulin-sensitizing effects of metformin. Nature Medicine. 19(12), pp. 1649 - 1654. https://doi.org/10.1038/nm.3372
AMPK phosphorylation of ACC2 is required for skeletal muscle fatty acid oxidation and insulin sensitivity in mice
O’Neill, Hayley M., Lally, James S., Galic, Sandra, Thomas, Melissa, Azizi, Paymon D., Fullerton, Morgan D., Smith, Brennan K., Pulinilkunnil, Thomas, Chen, Zhiping, Constantine Samaan, M., Jorgensen, Sebastian B., Dyck, Jason R. B., Holloway, Graham P., Hawke, Thomas J., van Denderen, Bryce J., Kemp, Bruce E. and Steinberg, Gregory R.. (2012) AMPK phosphorylation of ACC2 is required for skeletal muscle fatty acid oxidation and insulin sensitivity in mice. Diabetologia. 57(8), pp. 1693 - 1702. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-014-3273-1
Preexercise aminoacidemia and muscle protein synthesis after resistance exercise
Burke, Louise, Hawley, John, Ross, M, Moore, Daniel, Phillips, S, Slater, G, Stellingwerff, T, Tipton, K, Garnham, A and Coffey, Vernon. (2012) Preexercise aminoacidemia and muscle protein synthesis after resistance exercise. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 44(10), pp. 1968 - 1977. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e31825d28fa
Skeletal muscle respiratory capacity is enhanced in rats consuming an obesogenic Western diet
Stephenson, E, Camera, Donny, Jenkins, T, Kosari, S, Lee, Joohyung, Hawley, John and Stepto, N. (2012) Skeletal muscle respiratory capacity is enhanced in rats consuming an obesogenic Western diet. American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism. 302(12), pp. E1541 - E1549. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpendo.00590.2011
What's new since Hippocrates? : Preventing type 2 diabetes by physical exercise and diet
Hawley, John and Gibala, M. (2012) What's new since Hippocrates? : Preventing type 2 diabetes by physical exercise and diet. Diabetologia. 55(3), pp. 535 - 539. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-012-2460-1
AMPK-dependent inhibitory phosphorylation of ACC is not essential for maintaining myocardial fatty acid oxidation
Zordoky, Beshay N.M., Nagendran, Jeevan, Pulinilkunnil, Thomas, Kienesberger, Petra C., Masson, Grant, Waller, Terri J., Kemp, Bruce E., Steinberg, Gregory R. and Dyck, Jason R. B.. (2012) AMPK-dependent inhibitory phosphorylation of ACC is not essential for maintaining myocardial fatty acid oxidation. Circulation Research. 115(5), pp. 518 - 524. https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCRESAHA.115.304538
Daytime pattern of post-exercise protein intake affects whole-body protein turnover in resistance-trained males
Moore, Daniel, Areta, José, Coffey, Vernon, Stellingwerff, Trent, Phillips, Stuart, Burke, Louise, Cleroux, Marilyn, Godin, Jean-Philippe and Hawley, John Alan. (2012) Daytime pattern of post-exercise protein intake affects whole-body protein turnover in resistance-trained males. Nutrition and Metabolism. 9(91), pp. 1 - 5. https://doi.org/10.1186/1743-7075-9-91
Divergent skeletal muscle respiratory capacities in rats artificially selected for high and low running ability : A role for Nor1?
Stephenson, E, Stepto, N, Koch, L, Britton, S and Hawley, John. (2012) Divergent skeletal muscle respiratory capacities in rats artificially selected for high and low running ability : A role for Nor1? Journal of Applied Physiology. 113(9), pp. 1403 - 1412. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00788.2012
Reply from M. J. Gibala, J. P. Little, M. J. MadDonald and J. A. Hawley
Gibala, M. J., Little, John, Macdonald, M. J. and Hawley, John. (2012) Reply from M. J. Gibala, J. P. Little, M. J. MadDonald and J. A. Hawley. The Journal of Physiology. 590(14), pp. 3391 - 3391. https://doi.org/10.1113/jphysiol.2012.235127
The ancient drug salicylate directly activates AMP-activated protein kinase
Hawley, Simon, Fullerton, Morgan, Ross, Fiona, Schertzer, Jonathan, Chevtzoff, Cyrille, Walker, Katherine, Peggie, Mark, Zibrova, Darya, Green, Kevin, Mustard, Kirsty, Kemp, Bruce, Sakamoto, Kei, Steinberg, Gregory and Hardie, D. Grahame. (2012) The ancient drug salicylate directly activates AMP-activated protein kinase. Science. 336(6083), pp. 918 - 922. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1215327
Preexercise nutrient timing in endurance activity
Broad, E., Karagounis, L. and Hawley, John Alan. (2012) Preexercise nutrient timing in endurance activity. In In C. M. Kerksick (Ed.). Nutrient Timing: Metabolic Optimization for Health, Performance, and Recovery pp. 118 - 118 Taylor & Francis.
Pro-GRP-derived peptides are expressed in colorectal cancer cells and tumors and are biologically active in vivo
Patel, Oneel, Clyde, Daniel, Chang, Mike, Nordlund, Marianne, Steel, Rohan, Kemp, Bruce, Pritchard, D. Mark, Shulkes, Arthur and Baldwin, Graham. (2012) Pro-GRP-derived peptides are expressed in colorectal cancer cells and tumors and are biologically active in vivo. Endocrinology. 153(3), pp. 1082 - 1092. https://doi.org/10.1210/en.2011-1875
Sex-based comparisons of myofibrillar protein synthesis after resistance exercise in the fed state
West, D, Burd, N, Churchward-Venne, T, Camera, Donny, Mitchell, Cameron, Baker, S, Hawley, John, Coffey, Vernon and Phillips, S. (2012) Sex-based comparisons of myofibrillar protein synthesis after resistance exercise in the fed state. Journal of Applied Physiology. 112(11), pp. 1805 - 1813. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00170.2012
Low muscle glycogen concentration does not suppress the anabolic response to resistance exercise
Camera, Donny, West, D, Burd, N, Phillips, S, Garnham, A, Hawley, John and Coffey, Vernon. (2012) Low muscle glycogen concentration does not suppress the anabolic response to resistance exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology. 113(2), pp. 206 - 214. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00395.2012
Physiological adaptations to low-volume, high-intensity interval training in health and disease
Gibala, M, Little, John, Macdonald, M and Hawley, John. (2012) Physiological adaptations to low-volume, high-intensity interval training in health and disease. The Journal of Physiology. 590(5), pp. 1077 - 1084. https://doi.org/10.1113/jphysiol.2011.224725
The outcome of renal ischemia-reperfusion injury is unchanged in AMPK-ß1 deficient mice
Mount, Peter, Gleich, Kurt, Tam, Shanna, Fraser, Scott, Choy, Suet-Wan, Dwyer, Karen, Lu, Bo, Van Denderen, Bryce, Fingerle-Rowson, Gunter, Bucala, Richard, Kemp, Bruce and Power, David. (2012) The outcome of renal ischemia-reperfusion injury is unchanged in AMPK-ß1 deficient mice. PLoS One (online). 7(1), pp. 1 - 10. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0029887
Nutrient provision increases signalling and protein synthesis in human skeletal muscle after repeated sprints
Coffey, Vernon, Moore, Daniel, Burd, N, Rerecich, T, Stellingwerff, T, Garnham, A, Phillips, S and Hawley, John. (2011) Nutrient provision increases signalling and protein synthesis in human skeletal muscle after repeated sprints. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 111(7), pp. 1473 - 1483. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-010-1768-0
Rapid aminoacidemia enhances myofibrillar protein synthesis and anabolic intramuscular signaling responses after resistance exercise
West, D, Burd, N, Coffey, Vernon, Baker, S, Burke, Louise, Hawley, John, Moore, Daniel, Stellingwerff, T and Phillips, S. (2011) Rapid aminoacidemia enhances myofibrillar protein synthesis and anabolic intramuscular signaling responses after resistance exercise. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition: A journal reporting the practical application of our world-wide knowledge of nutrition. 94(3), pp. 795 - 803. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.111.013722
Nutritional modulation of training-induced skeletal muscle adaptations
Hawley, John, Burke, Louise, Phillips, S and Spriet, L. (2011) Nutritional modulation of training-induced skeletal muscle adaptations. Journal of Applied Physiology. 110(3), pp. 834 - 845. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00949.2010
Inhibition of the heterotetrameric K+ channel KCNQ1/KCNE1 by the AMP-activated protein kinase
Alesultan, Ioana, Foller, Michael, Sopjani, Mentor, Dermaku-Sopjani, Miribane, Zelenak, Christine, Frohlich, Henning, Velic, Ana, Fraser, Scott, Kemp, Bruce, Seebohm, Guiscard, Volkl, Harald and Lang, Florian. (2011) Inhibition of the heterotetrameric K+ channel KCNQ1/KCNE1 by the AMP-activated protein kinase. Molecular Membrane Biology. 28(2), pp. 79 - 89. https://doi.org/10.3109/09687688.2010.520037
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) ß1ß2 muscle null mice reveal an essential role for AMPK in maintaining mitochondrial content and glucose uptake during exercise
O'Neill, Hayley M., Maarbjerg, Stine J., Crane, Justin D., Jeppesen, Jacob, Jorgensen, Sebastian B., Schertzer, Jonathan D., Shyroka, Olga, Kiens, Bente, Van Denderen, Bryce J., Tarnopolsky, Mark A., Kemp, Bruce Ernest, Richter, Erik A. and Steinberg, Gregory R.. (2011) AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) ß1ß2 muscle null mice reveal an essential role for AMPK in maintaining mitochondrial content and glucose uptake during exercise. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of USA. 108(38), pp. 16092 - 16097. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1105062108
Ca 2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase beta is regulated by multisite phosphorylation
Green, Michelle, Scott, John, Steel, Rohan, Oakhill, Jonathan, Kemp, Bruce and Means, Anthony. (2011) Ca 2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase beta is regulated by multisite phosphorylation. Journal of Biological Chemistry. 286(32), pp. 28066 - 28079. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M111.251504
Single-leg cycle training is superior to double-leg cycling in improving the oxidative potential and metabolic profile of trained skeletal muscle
Abbiss, Chris, Karagounis, L, Laursen, P, Peiffer, J, Martin, D, Hawley, John, Fatehee, N and Martin, J. (2011) Single-leg cycle training is superior to double-leg cycling in improving the oxidative potential and metabolic profile of trained skeletal muscle. Journal of Applied Physiology. 110(5), pp. 1248 - 1255. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.01247.2010
Carbohydrates for training and competition
Burke, Louise, Hawley, John, Wong, S and Jeukendrup, A. (2011) Carbohydrates for training and competition. Journal of Sports Sciences. 29(Suppl 1), pp. S17 - S27. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2011.585473
Hematopoietic AMPK beta1 reduces mouse adipose tissue macrophage inflammation and insulin resistance in obesity
Galic, Sandra, Fullerton, Morgan, Schertzer, Jonathan, Sikkema, Sarah, Marcinko, Katarina, Walkley, Carl, Izon, David, Honeyman, Jane, Chen, Zhi-Ping, Van Denderen, Bryce, Kemp, Bruce and Steinberg, Gregory. (2011) Hematopoietic AMPK beta1 reduces mouse adipose tissue macrophage inflammation and insulin resistance in obesity. Journal of Clinical Investigation. 121(12), pp. 4903 - 4915. https://doi.org/10.1172/JCI58577
Hematopoietic AMPK Beta ß1 reduces mouse adipose tissue macrophage inflammation and insulin resistance in obesity
Galic, Sandra, Fullerton, Morgan D., Schertzer, Jonathan D., Sikkema, Sarah, Marcinko, Katarina, Walkley, Carl R., Izon, David, Honeyman, Jane, Chen, Zhi-Ping, van Denderen, Bryce J., Kemp, Bruce Ernest and Steinberg, Gregory R.. (2011) Hematopoietic AMPK Beta ß1 reduces mouse adipose tissue macrophage inflammation and insulin resistance in obesity. Journal of Clinical Investigation. 121(12), pp. 4903 - 4915. https://doi.org/10.1172/JCI58577
Exercise training reverses impaired skeletal muscle metabolism induced by artificial selection for low aerobic capacity
Lessard, S, Rivas, D, Stephenson, E, Yaspelkis, Koch, L, Britton, S, Hawley, John and III, B Yaspelkis. (2011) Exercise training reverses impaired skeletal muscle metabolism induced by artificial selection for low aerobic capacity. American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology. 300(1), pp. R175 - R182. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpregu.00338.2010
Low intrinsic running capacity is associated with reduced skeletal muscle substrate oxidation and lower mitochondrial content in white skeletal muscle
Rivas, D, Lessard, S, Saito, M, Friedhuber, A, Koch, L, Britton, S, Yaspelkis III, B and Hawley, John. (2011) Low intrinsic running capacity is associated with reduced skeletal muscle substrate oxidation and lower mitochondrial content in white skeletal muscle. American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology. 300(4), pp. 835 - 843. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpregu.00659.2010
Inhibition of Kir2.1 (KCNJ2) by the AMP-activated protein kinase
Alesutan, Ioana, Munoz, Carlos, Sopjani, Mentor, Dermaku-Sopjani, Miribane, Michael, Diana, Fraser, Scott, Kemp, Bruce, Seebohm, Guiscard, Foller, Michael and Lang, Florian. (2011) Inhibition of Kir2.1 (KCNJ2) by the AMP-activated protein kinase. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. 408(4), pp. 505 - 510. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2011.04.015
Inhibition of Connexin 26 by the AMP-activated protein kinase
Alesutan, Ioana, Sopjani, Mentor, Munoz, Carlos, Fraser, Scott, Kemp, Bruce, Foller, Michael and Lang, Florian. (2011) Inhibition of Connexin 26 by the AMP-activated protein kinase. Journal of Membrane Biology: an international journal for studies on the structure, function and genesis of biomembranes. 240(3), pp. 151 - 158. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00232-011-9353-y
AMPK is a direct adenylate charge-regulated protein kinase
Oakhill, Jonathan S., Steel, Rohan, Chen, Zhi-Ping, Scott, John W., Ling, Naomi, Tam, Shanna and Kemp, Bruce Ernest. (2011) AMPK is a direct adenylate charge-regulated protein kinase. Science. 332(6036), pp. 1433 - 1435. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1200094
The effect of exercise on the skeletal muscle phospholipidome of rats fed a high-fat diet
Mitchell, Todd, Turner, Nigel, Else, Paul, Hulbert, Anthony and Hawley, John. (2010) The effect of exercise on the skeletal muscle phospholipidome of rats fed a high-fat diet. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 11(10), pp. 3954 - 3964. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms11103954
Acute signalling responses to intense endurance training commenced with low or normal muscle glycogen : Experimental Physiology-Research Paper
Yeo, W, McGee, S, Carey, A, Paton, C, Garnham, A, Hargreaves, M and Hawley, John. (2010) Acute signalling responses to intense endurance training commenced with low or normal muscle glycogen : Experimental Physiology-Research Paper. Experimental Physiology. 95(2), pp. 351 - 358. https://doi.org/10.1113/expphysiol.2009.049353
Reply
Hawley, John and Martin, David. (2010) Reply. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 5(4), pp. 434 - 436.
Early time course of akt phosphorylation after endurance and resistance exercise
Camera, Donny, Edge, J, Short, M, Hawley, John and Coffey, Vernon. (2010) Early time course of akt phosphorylation after endurance and resistance exercise. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 42(10), pp. 1843 - 1852. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181d964e4
Short-term endurance training does not alter the oxidative capacity of human subcutaneous adipose tissue
Camera, Donny, Anderson, Malcolm, Hawley, John and Carey, A. (2010) Short-term endurance training does not alter the oxidative capacity of human subcutaneous adipose tissue. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 109(2), pp. 307 - 316. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-010-1356-3
Contraction-induced changes in TNFalpha and Akt-mediated signalling are associated with increased myofibrillar protein in rat skeletal muscle
Karagounis, L, Yaspelkis III, B, Reeder, D, Lancaster, G, Hawley, John and Coffey, Vernon. (2010) Contraction-induced changes in TNFalpha and Akt-mediated signalling are associated with increased myofibrillar protein in rat skeletal muscle. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 109(5), pp. 839 - 848. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-010-1427-5
AMPK couples plasma renin to cellular metabolism by phosphorylation of ACC1
Fraser, Scott A., Choy, Suet-Wan, Pastor-Soler, Núria M., Li, Hui, Davies, Matthew R. P., Cook, Natasha, Katerelos, Marina, Mount, Peter F., Gleich, Kurt, McRae, Jennifer L., Dwyer, Karen M., van Denderen, Bryce J. W., Hallows, Kenneth R., Kemp, Bruce E. and Power, David A.. (2010) AMPK couples plasma renin to cellular metabolism by phosphorylation of ACC1. American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology. 305(5), pp. F679 - F690. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajprenal.00407.2012
Gamma tocopherol supplementation prevents exercise induced coagulation and platelet aggregation
Vucinic, L, Singh, I, Spargo, F, Hawley, John and Linden, M. (2010) Gamma tocopherol supplementation prevents exercise induced coagulation and platelet aggregation. Thrombosis Research: vascular obstruction, hemorrhage and hemostasis. 125(2), pp. 196 - 199. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.thromres.2009.11.015
Carbohydrate availability and training adaptation: Effects on cell metabolism
Hawley, John and Burke, Louise. (2010) Carbohydrate availability and training adaptation: Effects on cell metabolism. Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews. 38(4), pp. 152 - 160. https://doi.org/10.1097/JES.0b013e3181f44dd9
Daily training with high carbohydrate availability increases exogenous carbohydrate oxidation during endurance cycling
Cox, Geoffrey, Clark, Sally, Cox, A, Halson, Shona, Hargreaves, M, Hawley, John, Jeacocke, N, Snow, Rod, Yeo, W and Burke, Louise. (2010) Daily training with high carbohydrate availability increases exogenous carbohydrate oxidation during endurance cycling. Journal of Applied Physiology. 109(1), pp. 126 - 134. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00950.2009
Aerobic training reverses high-fat diet-induced pro-inflammatory signalling in rat skeletal muscle
Yaspelkis III, B, Kvasha, I, Lessard, S, Rivas, D and Hawley, John. (2010) Aerobic training reverses high-fat diet-induced pro-inflammatory signalling in rat skeletal muscle. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 110(4), pp. 779 - 788. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-010-1559-7
Cytokine responses to carbohydrate ingestion during recovery from exercise-induced muscle injury
Ross, M, Halson, Shona, Suzuki, K, Garnham, A, Hawley, John, Cameron-Smith, David and Peake, J. (2010) Cytokine responses to carbohydrate ingestion during recovery from exercise-induced muscle injury. Journal of Interferon and Cytokine Research. 30(5), pp. 329 - 337. https://doi.org/10.1089/jir.2009.0079
Skeletal muscle : increasing the size of the locomotor cell
Karagounis, L and Hawley, John. (2010) Skeletal muscle : increasing the size of the locomotor cell. The International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology. 42(9), pp. 1376 - 1379. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocel.2010.05.013
Global gene expression in skeletal muscle from well-trained strength and endurance athletes
Stepto, Nigel K., Coffey, Vernon Glenn, Carey, Andrew L., Ponnampalam, Anna P., Canny, Benedict J., Powell, David and Hawley, John Alan. (2009) Global gene expression in skeletal muscle from well-trained strength and endurance athletes. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 41(3), pp. 546 - 565. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e31818c6be9
Effect of consecutive repeated sprint and resistance exercise bouts on acute adaptive responses in human skeletal muscle
Coffey, Vernon Glenn, Jemiolo, Bozena, Edge, Johann, Garnham, Andrew P., Trappe, Scott W. and Hawley, John Alan. (2009) Effect of consecutive repeated sprint and resistance exercise bouts on acute adaptive responses in human skeletal muscle. American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology. 297(5), pp. 1441 - 1451. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpregu.00351.2009
Exercise intensity and insulin sensitivity: How low can you go?
Hawley, John Alan and Gibala, M. J.. (2009) Exercise intensity and insulin sensitivity: How low can you go? Diabetologia. 52(9), pp. 1709 - 1713. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-009-1425-5
Lipid-induced mTOR activation in rat skeletal muscle reversed by exercise and 5'-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide-1-beta-D-ribofuranoside
Rivas, Donato A., Yaspelkis, Ben B., Hawley, John Alan and Lessard, Sarah J.. (2009) Lipid-induced mTOR activation in rat skeletal muscle reversed by exercise and 5'-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide-1-beta-D-ribofuranoside. Journal of Endocrinology. 202(3), pp. 441 - 451. https://doi.org/10.1677/JOE-09-0202
Molecular responses to strength and endurance training: Are they incompatible?
Hawley, John Alan. (2009) Molecular responses to strength and endurance training: Are they incompatible? Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism. 34(3), pp. 355 - 361. https://doi.org/10.1139/H09-023
The 5' adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase: Regulating the ebb and flow of cellular energetics
Karagounis, Leonidas G. and Hawley, John Alan. (2009) The 5' adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase: Regulating the ebb and flow of cellular energetics. The International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology. 41(12), pp. 2360 - 2363. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocel.2009.07.004
Exercise: It's the real thing!
Hawley, John Alan and Holloszy, J O.. (2009) Exercise: It's the real thing! Nutrition Reviews. 67(3), pp. 172 - 178. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1753-4887.2009.00185.x
Spectroscopic correlation analysis of NMR-based metabonomics in exercise science
Kirwan, Gemma M., Coffey, Vernon Glenn, Niere, Julie O., Hawley, John Alan and Adams, Michael J.. (2009) Spectroscopic correlation analysis of NMR-based metabonomics in exercise science. Analytica Chimica Acta. 652(1-2), pp. 173 - 179. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2009.07.011
Consecutive bouts of diverse contractile activity alter acute responses in human skeletal muscle
Coffey, Vernon Glenn, Pilegaard, Henriette, Garnham, Andrew P., O'Brien, Brendan J. and Hawley, John Alan. (2009) Consecutive bouts of diverse contractile activity alter acute responses in human skeletal muscle. Journal of Applied Physiology. 106(4), pp. 1187 - 1197. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.91221.2008
Specificity of training adaptation: Time for a rethink?
Hawley, John Alan. (2008) Specificity of training adaptation: Time for a rethink? The Journal of Physiology. 586(1), pp. 1 - 2. https://doi.org/10.1113/jphysiol.2007.147397
Evidence for presribing exercise as a therapy for treating patients with type 2 diabetes
Lessard, Sarah J. and Hawley, John Alan. (2008) Evidence for presribing exercise as a therapy for treating patients with type 2 diabetes. In In J.A. Hawley and J. R. Zierath (Ed.). Physical activity and type 2 diabetes: Therapeutic effects and mechanisms of action pp. 203 - 214 Human Kinetics Publishers Inc..
The effects of polyphenols in olive leaves on platelet function
Singh, Indu, Mok, Michelle, Christensen, Anne-Marie, Turner, Alan H. and Hawley, John Alan. (2008) The effects of polyphenols in olive leaves on platelet function. Nutrition Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases. 18(2), pp. 127 - 132. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.numecd.2006.09.001
Skeletal muscle adaptation and performance responses to once a day versus twice every second day endurance training regimens
Yeo, Wee Kian, Paton, Carl D., Garnham, Andrew P., Burke, Louise M., Carey, Andrew L. and Hawley, John Alan. (2008) Skeletal muscle adaptation and performance responses to once a day versus twice every second day endurance training regimens. Journal of Applied Physiology. 105(5), pp. 1462 - 1470. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.90882.2008
Commentary on viewpoint: Exercise and cardiovascular risk reduction: Time to update the rationale for exercise?
Reid, Julianne J. and Hawley, John Alan. (2008) Commentary on viewpoint: Exercise and cardiovascular risk reduction: Time to update the rationale for exercise? Journal of Applied Physiology. 105(2), pp. 772 - 772. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.90362.2008
Metabolic adaptations to training
Hawley, John Alan and Nader, Gustavo A.. (2008) Metabolic adaptations to training. In In M.P. Schwellnus (Ed.). Olympic textbook of medicine in sport pp. 78 - 87 Wiley-Blackwell.
Exercise training-induced improvements in insulin action
Hawley, John Alan and Lessard, S. J.. (2008) Exercise training-induced improvements in insulin action. Acta Physiologica. 192(1), pp. 127 - 135. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-1716.2007.01783.x
Exercise-induced phospho-proteins in skeletal muscle
Deshmukh, A. S., Hawley, John Alan and Zierath, J. R.. (2008) Exercise-induced phospho-proteins in skeletal muscle. International Journal of Obesity. 32(SUPPL.4), pp. S18 - S23. https://doi.org/10.1038/ijo.2008.118
Activation of atypical protein kinase Czeta toward TC10 is regulated by high-fat diet and aerobic exercise in skeletal muscle
Saito, Misato, Lessard, S. J., Rivas, Donato A., Reeder, Donald W., Hawley, John Alan and Yaspelkis, Ben B.. (2008) Activation of atypical protein kinase Czeta toward TC10 is regulated by high-fat diet and aerobic exercise in skeletal muscle. Metabolism: Clinical and experimental. 57(9), pp. 1173 - 1180. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.metabol.2008.03.023
Commentary on viewpoint: Perspective on the future use of genomics in exercise prescription
Hawley, John Alan. (2008) Commentary on viewpoint: Perspective on the future use of genomics in exercise prescription. Journal of Applied Physiology. 104(4), pp. 1249 - 1249. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00047.2008
Oxidative stress-induced insulin resistance in skeletal muscle cells is ameliorated by gamma-tocopherol treatment
Singh, Indu, Carey, Andrew L., Watson, Nadine, Febbraio, Mark A. and Hawley, John Alan. (2008) Oxidative stress-induced insulin resistance in skeletal muscle cells is ameliorated by gamma-tocopherol treatment. European Journal of Nutrition. 47(7), pp. 387 - 392. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-008-0739-2
High rates of muscle glycogen resynthesis after exhaustive exercise when carbohydrate is coingested with caffeine
Pedersen, David J., Lessard, Sarah J., Coffey, Vernon Glenn, Churchley, Emmanuel G., Wootton, Andrew M., Ng, They, Watt, Matthew J. and Hawley, John Alan. (2008) High rates of muscle glycogen resynthesis after exhaustive exercise when carbohydrate is coingested with caffeine. Journal of Applied Physiology. 105(1), pp. 7 - 13. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.01121.2007
Overweight and obesity in Australia
Hawley, John Alan and Dunstan, David Wayne. (2008) Overweight and obesity in Australia. Medical Journal of Australia. 188(11), pp. 678 - 679.
Fat adaptation followed by carbohydrate restoration increases AMPK activity in skeletal muscle from trained humans
Yeo, Wee Kian, Lessard, Sarah J., Chen, Zhi-Ping, Garnham, Andrew P., Burke, Louise, Rivas, Donato A., Kemp, Bruce Ernest and Hawley, John Alan. (2008) Fat adaptation followed by carbohydrate restoration increases AMPK activity in skeletal muscle from trained humans. Journal of Applied Physiology. 105(5), pp. 1519 - 1526. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.90540.2008
The battle against obesity - Attacking physical inactivity as a primary means of defense
Hawley, John and Dunstan, David. (2008) The battle against obesity - Attacking physical inactivity as a primary means of defense. Nature Reviews Endocrinology. 4(10), pp. 548 - 549. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncpendmet0918
Activation of AMPK reduces the co-transporter activity of NKCC1
Fraser, Scott A., Davies, Matthew, Katerelos, Marina, Gleich, Kurt, Choy, Suet-Wan, Steel, Rohan, Galic, Sandra, Mount, Peter F., Kemp, Bruce E. and Power, David A.. (1999) Activation of AMPK reduces the co-transporter activity of NKCC1. Molecular Membrane Biology. 31(2-3), pp. 95 - 102. https://doi.org/10.3109/09687688.2014.902128
Myosin light chain kinases
Kemp, Bruce E. and Stull, James T.. (1990) Myosin light chain kinases. In In B. E. Kemp (Ed.). Peptides and Protein Phosphorylation pp. 115 - 133 CRC Press. https://doi.org/10.1201/9781351075442